Timeline created by Yelyzaveta
  • Realist Manifesto

    Gustave Courbet wrote a Realist manifesto for the introduction to the catalogue of his independent, personal exhibition, 1855, echoing the tone of the period's political manifestos. In it he asserts his goal as an artist "to translate the customs, the ideas, the appearance of my epoch according to my own estimation."
  • Symbolist Manifesto

    In 1886 the Symbolist Manifesto was published in the French newspaper Le Figaro by the poet and essayist Jean Moréas. It defined and characterized Symbolism as a style whose "goal was not the ideal, but whose sole purpose was to express itself for the sake of being expressed." It names Charles Baudelaire, Stéphane Mallarmé, and Paul Verlaine as the three leading poets of the movement.
  • Futurist Manifesto

    The Futurist Manifesto, written by the Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, was published in the Italian newspaper Gazzetta dell'Emilia in Bologna on February 5, 1909, then in French as Manifeste du futurisme in the newspaper Le Figaro on February 20, 1909. It initiated an artistic philosophy, Futurism, that was a rejection of the past, and a celebration of speed, machinery, violence, youth and industry.
  • Cubist Manifesto

    Du "Cubisme", written in 1912 by Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger, was the first major theoretical text on Cubism. The book was illustrated with works by Gleizes, Metzinger, Paul Cézanne, Fernand Léger, Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, André Derain and Marie Laurencin. In this highly influential treatise Gleizes and Metzinger explicitly related the concept of 'multiple perspective' to the Bergsonian sense of time.
  • The Art of Noise

    It is a Futurist manifesto written by Luigi Russolo in a 1913 letter to friend and Futurist composer Francesco Balilla Pratella. In it, Russolo argues that the human ear has become accustomed to the speed, energy, and noise of the urban industrial soundscape; furthermore, this new sonic palette requires a new approach to musical instrumentation and composition.
  • Vorticist Manifesto

    This opening statement is painfully ironic; emerging just as Europe descended into World War I, Vorticism was destined to be short-lived. The Tate’s Manifesto for a Modern World is an intriguing insight into four years at the height of the London-based movement. The show recreates the Vorticists’ 1915 and 1917 exhibitions.
  • Suprematist Manifesto

    Under Suprematism I understand the supremacy of pure feeling in creative art. To the Suprematist the visual phenomena of the objective world are, in themselves, meaningless; the significant thing is feeling, as such, quite apart from the environment in which it is called forth.
  • Dada Manifesto

    The Dada Manifesto (in French, Le Manifeste DaDa) is a short text that was written on July 14, 1916 by Hugo Ball and read the same day at the Waag Hall in Zurich, for the first public Dada party.
    In this manifesto, Hugo Ball expresses his opposition to Dada becoming an artistic movement. He stayed active in the Dada movement for another six months, but the manifesto created conflict with his friends, notably Tristan Tzara.
  • De Stijl

    The Netherlands-based De Stijl movement embraced an abstract, pared-down aesthetic centered in basic visual elements such as geometric forms and primary colors. Partly a reaction against the decorative excesses of Art Deco, the reduced quality of De Stijl art was envisioned by its creators as a universal visual language appropriate to the modern era, a time of a new, spiritualized world order.
  • Realistic Manifesto

    The Manifesto focused largely on divorcing art from such conventions as use of lines, color, volume, and mass. Gabo and Pevsner reject the successive stylistic innovations of modern art as mere illusionism (beginning with Impressionism, and including Cubism and Futurism), advocating instead an art grounded in the material reality of space and time: The realization of our perceptions of the world in the forms of space and time is the only aim of our pictorial and plastic art.
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    Purist Manifesto

    There is a specter haunting the Lord of the Rings fandom: the specter of purism. Despite the role this idea has played over the years, many people have a very distorted and/or inaccurate view of it. To some it means any who dislike Peter Jackson’s The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, and to others it means those who wanted every single aspect of the book to be included in the films. Neither of these perceptions are accurate, however.
  • Surrealist Manifesto

    The first Surrealist manifesto was written by the French writer André Breton in 1924 and released to the public 1925. The document defines Surrealism as:
    Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express -- verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner -- the actual functioning of thought. Dictated by the thought, in the absence of any control exercised by reason, exempt from any aesthetic or moral concern.
  • Art Concret

    Art Concret