• 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus

    Nicolaus Copernicus
    He developed a theory that would radically change our view of the world: he displaced the Earth from the center of the universe and made it revolve around the sun.c
  • Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    1 discovered and popularized tFrancis Bacon, an English philosopher of science, held that the three most important inventions were gunpowder, the magnetic compass, and the printing press.he scientific method, 2 He is recognized for having contributed to Logic the inductive experimental method, 3 Francis Bacon, an English philosopher of science, held that the three most important inventions were gunpowder, the magnetic compass, and the printing press.
  • Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    1 He formulated the first laws of motion. In the field of astronomy 2 pioneered the experimental scientific method and was the first to use a refracting telescope to make important astronomical discoveries 3 he was the first to report telescopic observations of the mountains on the moon, the moons of Jupiter, the phases of Venus, and the rings of Saturn.
  • Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes
    René Descartes was a mathematician, philosopher, and scientist. He developed rules for deductive reasoning, developed a system for using letters as mathematical variables, and discovered how to plot points on a Cartesian plane.
  • Isaac Newton

     Isaac Newton
    New Scientist once described Isaac Newton as “the supreme genius and most enigmatic character in the history of science.” His three greatest discoveries — the theory of universal gravitation, the nature of white light and calculus — are the reasons why he is considered such an important figure in the history of science 2 He discovered gravity, the three laws of motion, and calculus
  • Juan Locke

    Juan Locke
    Among Locke's political works he is most famous for The Second Treatise of Government in which he argues that sovereignty resides in the people and explains the nature of legitimate government in terms of natural rights and the social contract.
  • Montesquieu

    1 ontesquieu is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word “despotism” in the political lexicon. 2 Montesquieu. He developed his political thinking on the distribution of state functions and the separation of powers. He thus contributes to defining the principle of Western democracies.
  • Denis Diderot

    Denis Diderot
    1 created the Encyclopédie with Jean le Rond d'Alembert. It was the first encyclopedia to include contributions from many named contributors and the first to describe the mechanical arts. 2 were the main ideas of Denis Diderot
    .1 Skepticism, eclecticism and language.
    2 Radicalization of empiricism. .
    3 Materialism, science and living matter.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    1 He was one of the most important political thinkers of the eighteenth century. His work between human society and the individual, and contributed to the ideas that would eventually lead to the French Revolution. 2 he was not only a philosopher, but also a musician. He even composed an opera called "Le Devin du Village" (like "The Village Fortune Teller"). He also wrote a comedy "Narcisse", both performed in France. Additionally, Rousseau was seen as a music theorist, botanist, and author.
  • Voltaire

    1 voltaire was one of the Enlightenment men most critical of religion: he defended religious tolerance and freedom of worship, condemned religious fanaticism (defined as cruel religious madness), criticized the great religious institutions, rejected divine revelation as a source of power for the monarch and condemns the idea ..
  • james Watt

    james Watt
    James Watt was an 18th century inventor and instrument maker. Although Watt invented and improved a number of industrial technologies, he is best remembered for his improvements in the steam engine. james Watt was a Scottish engineer, inventor, and chemist. He was one of the most important contributors to the Industrial Revolution. He is best known for making major improvements to the steam engine. For James Watt's contribution to industry efficiency, the watt (W) was named after him.
  • Adam Smith

    Adam Smith
    1 was a Scottish philosopher and economist best known as the author of An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), one of the most outstanding books ever written 2 Smith's best-known ideas formed the basis of economic theory, including the invisible hand theory (the idea that free markets coordinate themselves), (the idea that people should specialize in specific tasks), and measurement of economic activity.
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    George Washington's Accomplishments Domestically, he nominated the first chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, John Jay (1745-1829), signed a bill establishing the first national bank, the Bank of the United States, and set up his own presidential cabinet. important things George Washington did
    Congress enacts the tariff. ...
    . First law of naturalization. ...
    . Ratifies the Constitution. ...
    Intellectual property law. ...
    Constitution of the capital. ...
    . Revolutionary War debts.
  • thomas Jefferson

    thomas Jefferson
    1 The biography for President Jefferson and past presidents is courtesy of the White House Historical Association. Thomas Jefferson, a spokesman for democracy, was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809). 2 efferson's greatest achievement
    The Declaration of Independence The words and ideas of the Declaration have impacted human rights around the world.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    He wrote several successful operas, including The Marriage of Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787), and The Magic Flute (1791). Mozart also composed a number of symphonies and sonatas. His last symphony—the Jupiter Symphony—is perhaps his most famous.
  • Maximillien Robespierre

    Maximillien Robespierre
    1 Maximilien Robespierre was a leader of the French Revolution. He is important for his political idealism and, more decidedly, for his strong involvement in the Reign of Terror.
  • Miguel Hidalgo

    Miguel Hidalgo
    1 On September 16, 1810, carrying the Virgin of Guadalupe as a banner, he launched the so-called cry of Dolores that began the independence campaign and, accompanied by Allende, he obtained an army made up of more than forty thousand people.
    Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and a key figure in the Mexican War of Independence. Hidalgo is best remembered for his speech, the "Grito de Dolores" Cry of Dolores"which called for an end to Spanish colonial rule in Mexico.
  • Simon Bolivar

    Simon Bolivar
    1 Simón Bolívar known as the "Liberator of America", was a Venezuelan military and politician who for 20 years fought against the Spanish crown to achieve the independence of Bolivia Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. 2 in Bolívar became the most powerful leader in South America, nicknamed "El Libertador", the liberator for helping the nations gain independence from Spain. Today is celebrated throughout Latin America on Simón Bolívar Day.