Kamden Moran

  • 1543

    1543 Nicolaus Copernicus

    1543 Nicolaus Copernicus
    Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer and mathematician known as the father of modern astronomy. He was the first European scientist to propose that Earth and other planets revolve around the sun, the heliocentric theory of the solar system.
  • 1603 Francis Bacon

    1603 Francis Bacon
    Today, Bacon is still widely regarded as a major figure in scientific methodology and natural philosophy during the English Renaissance. Having advocated an organized system of obtaining knowledge with a humanitarian goal in mind, he is largely credited with ushering in the new early modern era of human understanding.
  • 1610 Galileo Galilei

    1610 Galileo Galilei
    In January 1610 he discovered four moons revolving around Jupiter. He also found that the telescope showed many more stars than are visible with the naked eye. These discoveries were earthshaking, and Galileo quickly produced a little book, Sidereus Nuncius (The Sidereal Messenger), in which he described them.
  • 1641 Rene Descartes

    1641 Rene Descartes
    However, he is most famous for having written a relatively short work, Meditationes de Prima Philosophia (Meditations On First Philosophy), published in 1641, in which he provides a philosophical groundwork for the possibility of the sciences.
  • 1666 Isaac Newton

    1666 Isaac Newton
    Legend has it that Isaac Newton formulated gravitational theory in 1665 or 1666 after watching an apple fall and asking why the apple fell straight down, rather than sideways or even upward.
  • 1679 John Locke

    1679 John Locke
    John Locke's most famous works are An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689), in which he developed his theory of ideas and his account of the origins of human knowledge in experience, and Two Treatises of Government (first edition published in 1690 but substantially composed before 1683), in which he defended a theory of political authority based on natural individual rights and freedoms and the consent of the governed.
  • 1748 Montesquieu

    1748 Montesquieu
    Montesquieu is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He is also known for doing more than any other author to secure the place of the word “despotism” in the political lexicon.
  • 1751 Denis Diderot

    1751 Denis Diderot
    The French philosopher and essayist Denis Diderot served as chief editor (1745–72) of the Encyclopédie, and in that role he was one of the originators and interpreters of the Enlightenment.
  • 1762 Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    1762 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau is famous for reconceiving the social contract as a compact between the individual and a collective “general will” aimed at the common good and reflected in the laws of an ideal state and for maintaining that existing society rests on a false social contract that perpetuates inequality
  • 1763 Voltaire

    1763 Voltaire
    Known by his nom de plume M. de Voltaire (/vɒlˈtɛər, voʊl-/; also US: /vɔːl-/; French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), he was famous for his wit, and his criticism of Christianity—especially of the Roman Catholic Church—and of slavery. Voltaire was an advocate of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state.
  • 1764 James Watt

    1764 James Watt
    James Watt was an 18th-century inventor and instrument maker. Although Watt invented and improved a number of industrial technologies, he is best remembered for his improvements to the steam engine.
  • 1776 Adam Smith

    1776 Adam Smith
    Smith is most famous for his 1776 book, "The Wealth of Nations." Smith's writings were studied by 20th-century philosophers, writers, and economists. Smith's ideas–the importance of free markets, assembly-line production methods, and gross domestic product (GDP)–formed the basis for theories of classical economics.
  • 1776 Thomas Jefferson

    1776 Thomas Jefferson
    Thomas Jefferson, a spokesman for democracy, was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809).
  • 1776 George Washington

    1776 George Washington
    George Washington (1732-99) was commander in chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War (1775-83) and served two terms as the first U.S. president, from 1789 to 1797.
  • 1786 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    1786 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was one of the most influential, popular and prolific composers of the classical period. He composed over 600 works, including some of the most famous and loved pieces of symphonic, chamber, operatic, and choral music.
  • 1789 Maximillien Robespierre

    1789 Maximillien Robespierre
    What is Maximilien Robespierre known for? Maximilien Robespierre came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror took place between September 5, 1793, and July 27, 1794. During the Terror, the committee exercised virtual dictatorial control over the French government.
  • 1810 Miguel Hidalgo

    1810 Miguel Hidalgo
    Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is generally regarded as the “Father of Mexican Independence.” He was born in a rural area of Guanajuato where his father managed a hacienda. He was an excellent student in both theology and philosophy at the then Colegio de San Nicolás Obispo in present-day Morelia.
  • 1821 Simon Bolivar

    1821 Simon Bolivar
    Bolívar himself led multiple expeditionary forces against the Spaniards, and between 1819 and 1822 he successfully liberated three territories—New Granada (Colombia and Panama), Venezuela, and Quito (Ecuador)—from Spanish rule.