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  • 1543

    Nicolaus Copernicus

    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Born; February 19, 1473
    Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician, astronomer, and catholic canon. who formulated a model of the universe. That placed the sun rather than the Earth at its center.
  • Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    Born: January 22, 1561
    most known for his philosophy of science. He argued that scientific knowledge is obtained after making observations. He also argued that controlled scientific experimentation is essential for understanding nature.
  • Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    born; February 15, 1564
    Galileo Galilei was an engineer, astronomer, and sometimes described as a polymath. He is famous because he was the first to report telescopic observations. of the mountains on the moon, the moon of Jupiter, and the phases of venus.
  • Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes
    Born; March 31, 1596
    Rene Descartes was a French philosopher, scientist, and mathematician. mathematics was central to his method of inquiry, and he made an important connection between geometry and algebra.
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    Born; January 4, 1643
    Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and author. Who was described in his time as a ¨nautral philosopher¨.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    Born; August 29, 1632
    was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism.
  • Montesquieu

    Born; January 18, 1689
    was a French judge, historian, and political philosopher. He is the principal source of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. The Spirit of Laws
  • Denis Diderot

    Denis Diderot
    Born; October 5, 1713
    was a French philosopher, art critic, and writer, best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor, and contributor to the Encyclopédie.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau

     Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    Born; July 2, 1778
    was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer. His political philosophy influenced the progress of the Age of Enlightenment throughout Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the development of modern political, economic, and educational thought
  • Voltaire

    born; November 21, 1694,
    was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher. Known for his fictitious Lettres philosophiques and the satirical novel Candide, he was famous for his wit, and his criticism of Christianity especially of the Roman Catholic Church and of slavery.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    Born; January 19, 1736
    was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1776, which was fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
  • Adam Smith

    Adam Smith
    Born; July 17, 1790
    was a Scottish economist and philosopher who was a pioneer in the thinking of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith is most famous for his 1776 book, "The Wealth of Nations."
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    Born; February 22, 1732
    was an American military officer, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States. often called the “Father of His Country.”
  • Thomas Jefferson

    Thomas Jefferson
    Born; April 13, 1743
    was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Born; January 27, 1756
    was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical period. Despite his short life, his rapid pace of composition resulted in more than 800 works of virtually every genre of his time.
  • Maximillien Robespierre

    Maximillien Robespierre
    Born; May 6, 1758
    was a French lawyer and statesman who became one of the best-known, influential, and controversial figures of the French Revolution.
  • Miguel Hidalgo

    Miguel Hidalgo
    Born; May 8, 1753
    was a Catholic priest, leader of the Mexican War of Independence and recognized as the Father of the Nation.
  • Simon Bolivar

    Simon Bolivar
    Born; July 24, 1783
    was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led what are currently the countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire.