History of Social Networking

  • 3500 BCE

    Earliest Forms of Communication

    Earliest Forms of Communication
    Clay tablets were one of the earliest writing mediums in history. Pictographs were written on wet clay tablets and the tablets were
    then left in the sun to dry. These were used throughout the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. This happened in Sumer, an early civilization in southern Mesopotamia. [http://worldkings.org/news/world-unique-creativity-academy/clay-tablets-one-of-the-earliest-writing-mediums-in-the-history]
  • 2000 BCE

    Earliest Document

    Earliest Document
    The "Prisse Papyrus" is considered to be the earliest document. It dates from the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. The document was written on Papyrus. [http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=2410]
  • 200 BCE

    The First Books

    The First Books
    The First books were made by the Egyptians. They took papyrus stalks and flattened them into sheets. The books were sheets of rolled papyrus. Parchment (sheep skin) replaced papyrus in the middle of the fifth century. Sheets of Parchment paper were bond together by leather thongs once they were set on top of one another. Books started to evolve more in the Middle Ages. [https://hosbeg.com/how-the-first-books-made/]
  • 100 BCE

    Invention of Paper

    Invention of Paper
    Paper was invented by Ts'ai Lun in China around 100 B.C. Under Han Dynasty emperor, Ho-Ti, Ts'ai Lun was the first to start a paper-making industry in 105 A.D. [https://quatr.us/china/invented-paper-ancient-china.htm]
  • 59 BCE

    First Newspaper

    First Newspaper
    The first newspaper, the "Acta Diurna", was published in Rome in 59 B.C. Julius Caesar ordered these postings.
  • Published Newspaper

    Published Newspaper
    The first newspaper that was published weekly was in Antwerp, Germany in 1605 by Johann Carolus. It was called "Relation", and recognized by the World Association of Newspapers as the world's first newspaper. ([https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/When-and-where-was-the-first-newspaper-published/articleshow/2477418.cms])
  • Postal Service

    Postal Service
    In 1775, the first post office was authorized by the Continental Congress. Ben Franklin was appointed Postmaster General. [http://www.bisd.us/curriculum/Old%20Files/Downloads/Frameworks/Secondary/Language%20Arts/COMMUNICATION%20TIMELINE.pdf]
  • The Typewriter

    The Typewriter
    The typewriter was constructed by Christopher Latham Sholes, an American inventor. He was inspired to do so when he read a journal article in Scientific American, which described a new British-invented machine. He patented a second model on June 23, 1868, which wrote at a speed that exceeded a pen. In the next few years, Sholes added many improvements to the machine. In 1873, he signed a contract with E. Remington and Sons for manufacture. ([https://www.britannica.com/technology/typewriter])
  • Super Computer

    Super Computer
    After super computers were introduced in the 1940s, ways to create networks between those computers were being developed by scientists and engineers.
  • Birth of the Internet

    Birth of the Internet
    The Internet was developed in the 1960s, as the ARPANET, an electronic messaging and research tool put together in the U.S. Primitive forms of email were also developed during this time. The growth of the Internet has been tremendous since then. This growth required the presence of several elements: terminal devices that were readily available, linking them by networks, software that was user-friendly, and substantial content.
  • CompuServe

    CompuServe was the first major commercial online service provider in the United States. It was founded in 1969 by Jeffrey Wilkins. During the 1980s, It dominated the field and remained a major influence through the mid-1990s. The site was acquired by AOL in 1998.
  • The First BBS (Bulletin Board System)

    The First BBS (Bulletin Board System)
    The first BBS was actually called the Computerized Bulletin Board System (CBBS), and was created in 1978 by Ward Christensen and Randy Suess. The system was first used when Christensen was snowed in during the Great Blizzard of 1978 in Chicago. During that time, Christensen began work on the Computerized Bulletin Board System, along with fellow hobbyist Randy Suess. It officially went online on February 16, 1978 in Chicago, Illinois. [https://www.bbscorner.com/usersinfo/bbshistory.htm]
  • Usenet

    Established in 1980, Usenet is a discussion system that is distributed worldwide. Users can post messages and the messages distributed by Usenet servers. The idea for it was developed by Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis in 1979.
  • Prodigy Communication System

    Prodigy Communication System
    Prodigy Communications Corporation was an online service that offered subscribers access to a broad range of networked services. Such services included news, weather, shopping, bulletin boards, games, polls, and so on. It was founded in 1984 by Sears, CBS and IBM.
  • AOL

    AOL is a web portal and online service provider based in New York. It was founded on May 24, 1985 by Steve Case, William von Meister, Jim Kimsey, and Marc Seriff.
  • Introduction of Internet Relay Chat

    Introduction of Internet Relay Chat
    Internet Relay Chat (IRC) was invented by Jarkko Oikarinen for use on the Internet in 1988. However, there has also been an interesting history to the development of distributed chat communications that goes back to the early 1970's. [https://www.livinginternet.com/r/ri.htm]
  • Development of the World Wide Web

    Development of the World Wide Web
    The World Wide Web was created by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. He wrote the basic Web software for it in 1990 while working at the CERN physics laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. It was placed it on the Internet the next year. He also developed the standards for addressing, linking language, and transferring multimedia documents on the Web.
  • First Social Network

    First Social Network
    Classmates.com is a site where users can connect with friends from high school. It launched in December of 1995.
  • Launch of ICQ

    Launch of ICQ
    ICQ was introduced in 1996 by Mirabilis, an Israeli company. It was developed by Mail.Ru Group. The application is a text-based messenger that was the first to really reach a widespread market of online users.
  • First Recognizable Social Media

    First Recognizable Social Media
    Six Degrees was created and introduced by Andrew Weinreich. It enabled users to upload a profile and make friends with other users. It lasted from 1997 to 2001.
  • AOL Instant Messenger (AIM)

    AOL Instant Messenger (AIM)
    AIM was first introduced to the world in May 1997 by AOL. At first, this was a stand-alone download, but it quickly became a massive success.
  • Evolution of Blogging

    Evolution of Blogging
    Blogging was introduced in 1999, as well as the first blogging sites becoming popular. They created a social media sensation that’s still popular today.
  • Wikipedia

    We all know Wikipedia. The famous online encyclopedia. With its birth in 2001, it has been ever-growing. Users are able to sign up and edit or create pages. Many teachers advise students to stay away from it for academic work because it is not always accurate.
  • Friendster

    Friendster, originally a social networking site, was created in 2002 and founded by Jonathan Abrams. It allowed users to meet new people and grow their networks. Friendster was also a social gaming site based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • LinkedIn

    Founded in 2002 by Reid Hoffman, LinkedIn is a social networking site where one can find job opportunities.
  • Hi5

    Hi5 was a site that included sharing of photos, social gaming, and status updates. It was founded in 2003 and created by Ramu Yalamanchi. The site is still available today.
  • Launch of Skype

    Launch of Skype
    Skype is a communications app that specializes video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, Xbox One console, and smartwatches. It was developed by Skype Communications S.a r.l. and release in August 2003. The authors of the app are Priit Kasesalu and Jaan Tallinn. The app is also available as a desktop version.
  • MySpace

    MySpace was a site for private messages, public comments, and bulletins sent to friends. It was founded in 2003 by Tom Anderson, Chris DeWolfe, and Jon Hart. In July of 2005, the site was acquired by News Corporation. Myspace was the largest social networking site in the world from 2005 to 2008. In June 2006, it was the most visited website in the United States.
  • Flickr

    Flickr is a site where users can share photos and videos. It was created in 2004 by Stewart Butterfield and Caterina Fake of Ludicorp, the company that created Flickr. On March 20, 2005, the site was acquired by Yahoo. Flickr is available in multiple languages.
  • Orkut

    Orkut was Google's first social network founded in 2004. Users could meet new and old friends, and maintain existing relationships. Google announced on September 30th, 2014 that it would shut down to focus on its other social networks: Google+, YouTube, and Blogger.
  • Facebook

    Facebook, originally named "The Facebook", was introduced in February of 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg. The site was only limited to Harvard University students. It was later expanded to higher education institutions in the Boston area, Ivy League schools, and Stanford University.
  • YouTube

    YouTube is a video-hosting site. It was founded by Jawed Karim, Chad Hurley and Steve Chen in 2005 and was acquired by Google on November 13, 2006.
  • Reddit

    Reddit is an entertainment and news website that allows registered users to post articles, photos, videos, and other news. It was founded in 2005 by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian.
  • Twitter

    Twitter is an online service where users can interact by posting messages to one another. These messages are known as tweets. The site was founded in 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams .
  • Tumblr

    Tumblr is a blogging site founded by David Karp in 2007, and owned by Oath Inc. Users post multimedia content to a short-form blog. Users are also able to follow other's blogs.
  • Launch of Whatsapp

    Launch of Whatsapp
    Whatsapp is an iOS, Android, and Windows application used for personal and group chats. It was founded in 2009 by Jan Koum and Brian Acton. The platform was acquired by Facebook, Inc. on February 19, 2014.
  • Pinterest

    Pinterest is a web and mobile application company that was founded in March 2010 by Ben Silbermann. It was created by Paul Sciarra, Evan Sharp and Ben Silbermann. The application is a web and mobile based platform that offers users to upload images they find online. Users then can bookmark those images, also known as "pinning". They can also make their own boards out of the images they pinned, known as "pinboards".
  • Kik Messenger

    Kik Messenger
    Kik Messenger, or Kik, is an instant messaging mobile app from the Canadian company Kik Interactive. It was released on October 19, 2010. The app is available on both iOS and Android systems.
  • Instagram

    Instagram was launched on October 6, 2010 and was developed by Facebook, Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger. The platform is owned by Facebook, Inc. It's a mobile, desktop, and Internet-based photo and video-sharing application. It allows users to share pictures and videos either publicly, or privately to followers. Although, it's internet and desktop based as well, users can only upload photos or videos through the mobile version.
  • Google+ Launch

    Google+ Launch
    Google+ was founded and launched the same day, June 28, 2011. As guessed, the site is owned and operated by Google. It was created by Vic Gundotra and Bradley Horowitz
  • Facebook Messenger

    Facebook Messenger
    Facebook Messenger is an instant messaging service and software application developed by Facebook. It was originally developed in 2008 as Facebook Chat. In 2010, the company revamped its messaging service. In August 2011, it was released as its own app for iOS and Android devices.
  • Snapchat

    Developed on September 23, 2011 by Snap Inc., Snapchat is a platform where users can take photos or videos of themselves called snaps. Users can also message and send their snaps to each other. Snapchat was created by Evan Spiegel, Bobby Murphy, and Reggie Brown. The application is only available on mobile devices.
  • Vine

    Vine was launched on January 24, 2013 and developed by Vine Labs, Inc. (Twitter). The authors of the app are Dom Hofmann, Rus Yusupov and Colin Kroll. The multi-platform application allowed users to share videos publicly. However, the videos were only six seconds long.
  • Periscope

    Periscope was created by Kayvon Beykpour, Joe Bernstein, Aaron Wasserman, Tyler Hansen and Geraint Davies, and developed by Twitter. It was initially released on March 26th, 2015 and then as an app on May 26th 2015.
  • Vine Shutdown

    The app, which allowed users to create and share six second videos, was shut down on January 17th, 2017. (https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/aol-instant-messenger-heading-technology-graveyard-n808366)
  • AIM Shutdown

    After years of service, the instant messenger app finally shut down on December 15, 2017. (https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/aol-instant-messenger-heading-technology-graveyard-n808366)
  • Google+ Shutdown

    With its launch in 2011, Google+ was officially shutdown on April 2nd, 2019. (https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/talkingtech/2019/02/01/google-close-google-social-network-april-2/2741657002/)