Instructional design

History of Instructional Design

  • First education museum opened in St. Louis.

    First education museum opened in St. Louis.
  • Catalog of Instructional Films

    Catalog of Instructional Films
    The first catalog of instructional films was published in the United States.
  • Thomas Edison says...

    Thomas Edison says...
    Thomas Edison proclaimed, “Books will soon be obsolete in the schools. . . . It is possible to teach every branch of human knowledge with the motion picture..." (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).
  • Radio and Motion Pictures

    Radio and Motion Pictures
    There was an increase in instructional media due to advancements in radio, recordings, and motion pictures.
  • Textbooks on Visual Instruction

    Textbooks on Visual Instruction
  • World War 2

    World War 2
    Training films and film strips were produced for the military. Training films played an important role in preparing civilian for the industry.
  • Instructional Television

    Instructional Television
    During the 1950s, however, there was a tremendous growth in the use of instructional television." (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).
  • Training as a system

    Psychlogists that worked for organizations like the American Institutes for Researchdeveloped a number of innovative analysis, design, and evaluation procedures.
  • B.F. Skinner

    B.F. Skinner
    Skinner says instructional materialsshould present instruction in small steps, require active responses to frequent questions, provide immediate feedback, and allow for learner self-pacing (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).
  • Criterion Testing Movement

    A criterion-referenced test is intended to measure how well an individual can perform a particular behavior or set of behaviors, irrespective of how well others perform (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).
  • Gagne, Silvern, Glaser

    Models created for systematically designing instructional materials.
  • ADDIE process created

    ADDIE process created
    ADDIE(Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate).
  • Computers

    Increasing interest in computers being used for instructional purposes.
  • Cognitive Psychology

    Priniciples of cognitive psychology were being applied to the instructional design process.
  • Computers used on job sites

    Computers used to enhance performance on jobs.
  • Human Performance Improvement Movement

  • Constructivism

  • AECT committee defines IDT

    AECT committee defines IDT
    "Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).
  • Smartphones for Schoolwork

    Smartphones for Schoolwork
    "In a 2015 survey, 64 percent of college students reported that they used smartphones for their schoolwork at least two or three times per week (Dempsey, Reiser, 2017).