French in WWII

Timeline created by Mollie Henry
In History
  • Axis or Allied?

    Axis or Allied?
  • Jean de Lattre de Tassigny

    Jean de Lattre de Tassigny
    From 1939-1940 Jean de Lattre de Tassigny was the commanding officer of the French 14th Infantry Division. In 1942, he took command of the French 16th Division. In 1942, he also was arrested and exiled. He escaped in 1943 to Africa. Finally on May 8, 1945, he represented France at the German capitulation.
  • War Entry

    War Entry
    France enters WWII in response to Germany invading Poland. France and Britain declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939 and entered the war.
  • Saar Offensive

    Saar Offensive
    The Saar Offensive was from September 7-16 of 1939. The French were involved in this battle and lost. The French forces in fact withdrew in the end. The French had 2,000 casualties and Germany had 196 dead, 114 missing, and 356 wounded. The significance was that it led to the Phoney War and it led to the failure of France. It also was significant to Germany because they received Saar back because the Treaty of Versailles took its control over Saar from Germany to weaken them industrially.
  • Charles de Gaulle

    Charles de Gaulle
    Charles de Gaulle was a French Army Officer and led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany. In June of 1940, he took part of the French Resistance. In fact, Charles fled to Britain in order to develop a French Government called Free France. This was a government that fought against the Axis powers of WWII. He later became the provisional leader of France in 1944 until 1946.
  • Battle of France

    Battle of France
    The Battle of France took place from May 10, 1940 to June 25, 1940. Germany won this battle. Germany had 156,000 casualties (27,074 killed). The French had 90,000 killed, 200,000 wounded, and 1,800,000 captured. Britain had 68,000 casualties.The significance of this battle was that Germany conquered France. The French surrendered and were divided into 2 zones. The occupied (German control) and the unoccupied (Vichy France).
  • The French Surrender

    The French Surrender
    The French surrender to Germany after the Battle of France. The French were torn apart from the successful invasion that Germany had. The French were Axis controlled at this point in time during WWII. Germany controlled 2/3 of France and the other 1/3 was Vichy, France and they operated semi-independently.
  • French Resistance: Home Front

    French Resistance: Home Front
    The French Resistance started when the French surrendered in June of 1940 to August of 1944.The French Resistance was a group of people that continued to fight against Germany and the Vichy government even if the nation surrendered. This group was violent in some ways in that they destroyed around 530 railroad tracks to stop Germany from transporting equipment and goods. This group aided the Allies to win the war from back home. The French Resistance was led by a man named, Charles de Gaulle.
  • Holocaust Involvement

    Holocaust Involvement
    In July of 1941, The Lavel Government instituted "Aryanization" and the French State was suitable to own Jewish properties. The French then sent the Jews to concentration camps, usually Auschwitz. The "Statut des Juifs" ("Jewish Statute") excluded the Jews from the public life. The French set up many camps of their own, called gurs, which is where they sent the refugees and the Jewish immigrants. The camps were unsanitary and overcrowded. Many people died of starvation and disease.
  • Food Rationing: Home Front

    Food Rationing: Home Front
    The French were told to ration their food back home to help feed those soldiers who were fighting in the war. Propaganda made people believe they were helping out and doing their part in the war.
  • Battle of Normandy

    Battle of Normandy
    The Allies had victory over this battle. Over 425,000 Allied and German troops were killed, wounded, or went missing. Of that 209,000 were Allied casualties and about 200,000 were German troops. One significance of the battle was it allowed the Allies to finally defeat Germany. It was a turning point in the war and it led to the Allies' liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany. Fun fact: Just 177 Frenchmen were fighting in this battle along their other Allied Troops!
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The Battle of the Bulge took place from December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945. This was an Allied victory. 90,000 casualties were Allies and 100,000 casualties were German. The significance of the battle was a result in Germany's army being ruined. The battle also was significant because it brought about the end of the war. This was Hitler's last major offensive (Nazi offensive). A final significance was that it did not split the Allies into two (Hitler's goal).
  • Win or Lose?

    Win or Lose?
  • Political Aspects: Food Perspective

    Political Aspects: Food Perspective
    The French, after the war ended, were starved and very hungry citizens. The food was stripped by the Germans and people were not getting the amount of food they needed to survive. In October 1945, the food rationing was abolished, but in December of 1945, bread rationing was reestablished because there was not a large enough supply to meet the demand.
  • Marshall Plan: Political Aspect

    Marshall Plan: Political Aspect
    The Marshall Plan was a plan to help rebuild Europe after the war. France received a lot of aid from the Marshall Plan to rebuild their country from scratch. The French were politically turned upside down after the war; had to build from scratch. The cities were rubble and the society, economy, and infrastructure was ruined after the war. The Marshall Plan effectively helped France postwar to get them back on their feet from the political devastation after the war.