European Exploration in North America

  • Jan 1, 1001

    Iceland Reaches North America

    Leif Ericsson and vikings come to Greenland via boat.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1001 to

    European Exploration of North America

  • Jan 1, 1492

    Spain Reaches North America

    Christopher Columbus unknowingly explores present day Caribbean Islands.
  • Jan 1, 1497

    England Claims Newfoundland

    John Cabot sights Newfoundland and Labrador.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Portugal Explores Brazil

    Cabral,while exploring Brazil, discovers the Amazon River and claims it for Portugal.
  • Jan 1, 1510

    Spanish Settlements

    First Spanish settlements in Jamacia and the Caribbean.
  • Mar 28, 1524

    France Reaches North America

    Under Francis the first's rule, italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was sent to explore the region between Florida and Newfoundland for a route to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Jan 1, 1539

    Europe First Crosses the Mississippi River

    de Soto explores Florida, Georgia, and Alabama, thus crossing the Mississippi River.
  • Jan 1, 1542

    Spain claims California Coast

    Cabrillo sails up Californina Coast and claims it for Spain.
  • Jan 1, 1565

    First Permanent European Settlement

    Pedro Mendez de Aviles develops the first permanent European settlement at St. Augustine, in present day Florida.
  • Jan 1, 1578

    England Claims San Francisco

    Sir Francis Drake sails around South America during his circumnavigation and docks in San Francisco, later claiming it for Queen Elizabeth and England.
  • England Claims Virginia

    Sir Walter Raleigh lands on Roanoke Island, claiming it for England and Qeen Elizabeth.
  • Virginia is Settled by England

    Mystery surrounds this colony. John White returns to the Roanoke settlement multiple times, but each time the settlement is inexplicably gone.
  • Netherlands Reach North America

    Determined to become a commercial power, the Dutch sent over colonies of people to farm and create trade for the Netherlands.