Debate Timeline

Timeline created by Rylee467
In History
  • -146 BCE

    Greece under Roman Rule

    The Romans are the direct parent of our western civilization. Much of Roman culture and thought was shaped by Greek thinking, especially after Greece came under Roman rule in 146 B.C. The Greeks, and later the Romans, tried to build their culture upon their gods, but the gods were finite and limited and, therefore, an insufficient base. There was nothing in their worldview to sustain their thinking. When the cultures crashed, their finite gods crashed with them.
  • 313

    Christianity became a legal religion

    In 313 AD Byzantine, Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity, by ending the persecution of Christians. This led to the Crusades.
  • 380

    Christianity becomes official state religion of Roman Empire

    Christianity became the official state religion of the Roman Empire, although the majority of the people went on in their old ways. This happened under the rule of Theodosius, although many people think that Constantine made it the official religion, this is incorrect. Constantine only made it a legal religion which meant that Christians were no longer outlaws and were free to practice their faith.
  • 500

    Byzantium Is Largest City in World

    The Byzantium Empire formed when Constantinople established his capital in Byzantium (and renamed the city "Constantinople"). It was the largest city in the world around AD 500.
  • 768

    Charlemagne became king of the Franks

    Charlemagne was son of Pippin. He gained control over much of the territory of the former Roman empire. Charlemagne also built very impressive churches. He made tithing compulsory.
  • 1204

    The Fourth Crusade

    The Fourth Crusade was a Western European armed expedition originally intended to conquer Muslim - controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt. Instead, a sequence of events culminated in the Crusaders sacking the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Christian-controlled Byzantine Empire. The Fourth Crusade never came to within 1,000 miles of its objective of Jerusalem, instead conquering Byzantium twice before being routed by the Bulgars at Adrianople.
  • 1215

    The Magna Carta Signed

    The Magna Carta was signed in 1215. While the Magna Carta, signed in 1215, primarily secured liberties for England’s elite classes, its language protecting due process and barring absolute monarchy has guided the fundamental principles of common law in constitutions around the world for the last 800 years. The Magna Carta brought an end to the absolute power of English sovereigns as they, too, were required to be held accountable by the law.
  • 1227

    Genghis Khan's Death

    Genghis Khan was born as Temujin around 1162. His father, a minor Mongol chieftain, died when Temujin was in his early teens. Temujin succeeded him, but the tribe would not obey so young a chief. Temporarily abandoned, Temujin’s family was left to fend for themselves in the wilderness of the Steppes. By his late teens, Temujin had grown into a feared warrior and charismatic figure. Successful, he then turned against other clans and set out to unite the Mongols by force.
  • 1230

    Madonna and Child

    The Madonna and Child is one of only two works that can be confidently assigned to Berlinghiero Berlingheiri, the leading painter of Lucca. This masterpiece was painted in 1230 with tempura on wood during the Later Middle Ages.
  • 1250

    The Seventh Crusade

    The Seventh Crusade occurred in 1250. The style of music popular during this time period was the Gregorian Chant.
  • 1453

    Rome Falls to the Turks

    Rome fell to the Turks, at last in 1453. The Ottoman Turks took Byzantium.
  • 1514

    St. Jerome in His Study

    In this masterpiece, Albrecht Durer expertly engraved this portrayal of St. Jerome, the patron saint of translators, librarians, and encyclopedias. This art piece displays St. Jerome at his desk very engaged in translating the Bible that is the only authority.
  • 1549

    Michelangelo's Letter

    Michelangelo was a very humble man. He politely asked for Benedetto Varchi's pardon when Michelangelo realized his ignorance, stubbornness, and pride in a matter concerning the difference between painting and sculpting.
  • Period:
    -100 BCE
    to
    -44 BCE

    The Days of Julius Caesar

    In the days of Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.), Rome turned to an authoritarian system centered on the Caesar. Prior to the Caesars, Rome was ruled by a Senate, but they could not keep order. There was much civil unrest. The people were willing to trade rule under a dictator for peace.
  • Period:
    379
    to
    395

    Emperor Theodisius I Reign

    Christianity became the state religion under Emperor Theodosius I, although many think that it was under Emperor Constantine. He was the last Roman emperor to rule over both the eastern and western halves of the Roman Empire.
  • Period:
    450
    to
    1500

    The Middle Ages

    The Middle Ages (c. 450-c. 1500) was a time of Christian dominance in Europe. There were dark days during the Middle Ages - the plagues in the 540s and 1340s wiped out one third of the population of Europe - but overall there was a significant amount of cultural achievement.
  • Period:
    500
    to
    1500

    The Plagues

    There were dark days during the Middle Ages - the plagues in the 540s and 1340s wiped out one third of the population of Europe - but overall there was a significant amount of cultural achievement. Life before the discovery of penicillin, antisepsis, and germ theory necessarily meant that disease was a constant companion of medieval people. Fortunately, from the eighth through the mid-fourteenth centuries, Europe was remarkably free from most epidemic diseases.
  • Period:
    610
    to
    641

    Emperor Heraclius' Reign

    He was an Eastern Roman emperor, who reorganized and strengthened the imperial administration and the imperial armies but who, nevertheless, lost Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Byzantine Mesopotamia to the Arab Muslims. Greek became the official language of Rome under this Emperor.
  • Period:
    726
    to
    843

    Icons Banned

    In AD 726, Emperor Leo III banned icons. Those who agreed with him destroyed paintings, stained glass windows, and statues in a movement called "iconoclasm."
  • Period:
    843
    to
    1453

    Icons Created Again

    From 843 through 1453, people began creating icons again with few changes in style or composition. These icons were highly symbolic.
  • Period:
    1175
    to
    1236

    Berlingheiro Berlingheiri

    Berlingheiro Berlingheri, also known as Berlingheiro of Lucca, was an Italian painter of the thirteenth century. He was also one of the leading painters in Lucca.
  • Period:
    1390
    to
    1441

    Jan Van Eyck

    Jan Van Eyck displayed symbolism in several of the Bible illustrations that he painted. Van Eyck's technical expertise, perspective, and realism is similar to the early Renaissance period, but his use of symbolism is similar to the Middle Ages.
  • Period:
    1452
    to
    1519

    Leonardo da Vinci

    His Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world. One of the most famous aspects of this painting is her mysterious smile.
  • Period:
    1498
    to
    1499

    Pieta

    Pieta is Italian and in English means "pity". It refers to exact scenes of Christ's crucifixion and resurrection from the dead.
  • Period: to

    Rembrandt Harmensz Van Rijn

    Because self - portraits became very popular in the sixteenth century, Rembrandt, many times, placed himself in several of his paintings. Rembrandt portrayed himself as the Prodigal Son in his work of art, The Prodigal Son in the Tavern. He portrayed himself dressed as a seventeenth - century artist watching Jesus' crucifixion in his painting, The Raising of the Cross. He painted close to one hundred self - portraits during his lifetime.