Cold War Timeline

Timeline created by Ajohnson2000
In History
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    Ended on November 7 1917. The Russian Revolution started with the February Revolution, which promoted democracy. It ended with Vladimir Lenin's October Revolution, which promoted communism.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Ended August 2, 1945. The Potsdam conference consisted of Winston Churchill, Harry Truman, and Joseph Stalin. The Conference was called for negotiations on terms after World War 2
  • Hiroshima & Nagasaki

    Hiroshima & Nagasaki
    Ended on August 9, 1945. Hiroshima was bombed to hopefully stop the war. Japan refused to still surrender. A second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. The Japanese surrendered after the second bomb destroyed Nagasaki.
  • Molotov Plan

    Molotov Plan
    Ended in 1947. The Molotov Plan was a plan that was proposed by Vyacheslav Molotov. It was a plan to help and provide aid to soviet occupied countries. The plan was a counter to the Marshall plan which helped non-communist nations.
  • The Truman Doctrine

    The Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was made to counter the Soviet Union expansion on Europe. The Doctrine was also supposed to help Hungry and Greece from communism.
  • Hollywood 10

    Hollywood 10
    The Hollywood 10 were ten members of the American film industry who dared to deify The House Un-American Activities. The Group of The Hollywood 10 who deified the HUAC, were sentenced to jail sentences that varied. Their defiance put them in the center of the debate of the anti-communism stage america was going through.
  • Alger Hiss Case

    Alger Hiss Case
    Ended In Jan 21, 1950. The Alger Hiss Case was a trial that was about whither or not Alger Hiss was a Soviet spy. Due to the statue of limitations, Hiss was charged with 2 counts of perjury and was found guilty. Many thought he was innocent and many thought he was a lying communist.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    Ended on May 12, 1949. The Berlin blockade acted as a wall to split Berlin into two different sections. Joseph Stalin allowed no traffic past the blockade and staved the people of East Berlin.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Ended on May 12, 1949. The Berlin Airlift was a operation that was in response to the Soviets when they blockaded east Berlin and tried to starve it's people out. The U.S dropped a number of supplies by plane to help the starving people in East Berlin.
  • The Iron Curtain

    The Iron Curtain
    Ended in 1989. The Iron Curtain was a boundary that divided Europe. The countries that were in the Iron Curtain were: Eastern Poland, Northern Romania, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Eastern Finland, and Northern Bukovina. These countries were forced to become communist states of the Soviet Union
  • NATO

    NATO
    NATO or The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a Organization that was created to provide security against the Soviet Union. NATO includes many countries with the main one being the U.S. The Soviets counter NATO with the Warsaw Pact.
  • Soviet Bomb test

    Soviet Bomb test
    In 1949, The Soviet Union tested a nuclear bomb that successfully detonated. A american spy plane picked up evidence that the soviets were testing nuclear weapons. They had created a nuclear bomb a lot faster than predicted.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    Ended on July 27, 1953. The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea. The Soviets Supported the communist North Korea and The U.S. supported The non-communist South Korea. The U.S push the North Koreans back passed the 38th Parallel.
  • Rosenburg Trial

    Rosenburg Trial
    Ended on June 19, 1953. The Rosenburg Trial was a trial that accused Julius and Ethel Rosenburg of giving U.S. bomb secrets to the Soviets. They were executed by the electric chair. Some thought they were innocent and thought that the government was anti-semitic.
  • Army-McCarthy Hearings

    Army-McCarthy Hearings
    Ended June 1954. The Senate Committee on Government Operations was seeking to learn if Joseph McCarthy had used improper influence to win preferential treatment for Pvt. G David Schine, a member of the senate that had been drafted. McCarthy countered saying that it was in retaliation of his investigations into communists into the government. After the Hearing McCarthy lost all of his support from the people and slowly lost all of his popularity.
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu
    Ended May 7, 1954. The battle of Dien Bien Phu was a battle in the first Indochina war. It was a battle between French and Vietnamese. The battle ended in a Vietnamese victory.
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    Ended on July 20, 1954. The Geneva Conference happen to settle issues after the Korean and Indochina war. Many nations met in Geneva, Switzerland. In the conference, the nations talked about the Vietnam war and U.S. involvement in it.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Ended on July 1, 1991. The Warsaw Pact was a counter treaty to NATO by the Soviet Union. Members of the Warsaw Pact included The Soviet Union, Romania, Albania, Poland, Hungry, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria. The Treaty was made so that any of the countries in the Warsaw pact could get aid incase of an attack from another country especially from countries in Nato.
  • Hungarian Revoltion

    Hungarian Revoltion
    Ended on November 10th, 1956. The Hungarian Revolution took place in Hungry, where the Hungarian people wanted to leave the Warsaw Pact. The Soviet Union responded with tanks and soviet soldiers. The Soviet Union put a harsh ending to the revolution.
  • U2 Incident

    U2 Incident
    The U2 incident Involved the Soviet Union shooting down a American U-2 spy plane. The Soviets captured American pilot, Francis Gray Powers, and was convicted of espionage. Powers was sentenced to 10 years in prison, but was released in a trade off between the U.S. and The Soviet Union.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    Ended on April 19, 1961. The Bay of Pigs invasion started when Fidel Castro overthrew the U.S. backed president and took power. The CIA launched a full scale invasion with 1,400 Cuban American Soldiers. The invasion failed and the fighting stopped within 24 hours.
  • Berlin wall

    Berlin wall
    Destroyed on August 13, 1969. The Berlin Wall was created to separate east and west Berlin. East Berlin had a communist "puppet" Government and west Berlin was a Democracy. The wall was destroyed and Berlin was Unified once again on October 3,1990.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Ended on October 28, 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis started when a american U-2 plane flew over Cuba and took pictures of Soviet Nuclear Missile Silos. As a response, the U.S blockaded Cuba to stop the Soviet Union from transporting any more missiles to Cuba. Finally the U.S and Cuba came up with a agreement stating that Cuba would remove it's missiles if the U.S. does not invade Cuba.
  • The Assassination of Diem

    The Assassination of Diem
    Diem was the leader of South Vietnam during the Vietnam war. During the War, Free elections were held and Diem, who was U.S. backed, was about to lose the election. The U.S. thought if he lost it would make all of Vietnam communist. In response, President Kennedy ordered a coup d'etat. Diem and his brother were then captured and executed.
  • Assassination of JFK

    Assassination of JFK
    JFK was the 35th president of the U.S. He was in Dallas, Texas when he was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. The president was shot in the head from the Texas school book depository. Oswald was arrested and was about to be taken to a secure jail when he was shot and killed by Jack Ruby.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    The Tonkin Gulf Resolution authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to use military force on Vietnam without a declaration of war. The resolution allowed the president to use any force possible to deal with Vietnam after the Tonkin Gulf Incident in which 2 U.S. destroyer were attacked by North Vietnamese U-Boats.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    Ended November 1, 1968. Operation Rolling Thunder was a Bombing campaign to bomb targets though out North Vietnam including the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The Operation unfortunately failed in the end with many American planes being shot down and the North Vietnamese rebuilding the targets that the planes had bombed during the night.
  • Election of Nixon

    Election of Nixon
    Richard Nixon won the election for president in 1968. He went up against vice president Hubert Humphrey who was losing because of complications within his own political party. Nixon ended up winning by a clear majority.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Ended on September 23, 1968. The Tet Offensive was an attack on more than 100 cities on the lunar new year. The U.S. was caught off guard and didn't know that the North Vietnamese would attack on the new year, because there was a unspoken cease fire during that day. Even though the North Vietnamese took heavy casualties, they still won a strategic victory.
  • Assassination of MLK

    Assassination of MLK
    Martin Luther King was killed in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. Martin Luther King was shot when he was on a motel balcony. He was pronounced dead an hour after he was shot. His death angered the black community and they would protest in his name later on.
  • Assassination of RFK

    Assassination of RFK
    Robert F Kennedy was the Attorney General of the U.S. before he was assassinated. Robert Kennedy was shot in a hotel after winning the California presidential primary. He died the next day in the hospital at 42.
  • Invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Invasion of Czechoslovakia
    In Czechoslovakia, the people protested the communist government and wanted a democracy. The Soviets responded with 200,000 soldiers and 5,000 tanks to quell the protests. In the end, the Czechoslovakians lost to the Soviets and a communist government was put back in to place.
  • Riots of Democratic Convention

    Riots of Democratic Convention
    Ended on August 17, 1968. The Democratic Convention was being held in Chicago in Illinois. Tens of thousands of Vietnam war protesters rioted against the police. The riots went on for four days in what came to be called the "battle of Michigan avenue".
  • Kent State Shooting

    Kent State Shooting
    Protesters protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State in Ohio were shot at by National Guardsmen leaving four students dead and nine injured. The Protest was started to stop the bombing in Cambodia. The shooting started shifting peoples opinions of the Vietnam War more and more afterwards.
  • Nixon visits China

    Nixon visits China
    In 1972, Nixon visits China after the Vietnam war is over. it was a surprise due to China and the U.S. being bitter enemies.
  • Ceasefire in Vietnam

    Ceasefire in Vietnam
    Ceasefire of Vietnam was called by Richard Nixon to start the process of pulling out U.S. troops from Vietnam, also know as Vietnamization. When the ceasefire began, both north and south Vietnamese violated it. The North tried to gain territory and the South tried to retake some villages that the North had taken from them.
  • Fall of Saigon

    Fall of Saigon
    In Vietnam towards the end of the U.S. involvement in the war, The south Vietnamese President surrender Saigon to NVA forces. The U.S. ordered a evacuation of U.S. troops from Saigon after the surrender. When the time came, the NVA took Saigon with almost no resistance. They renamed the City Ho Chi Minh city after the leader of North Vietnam.
  • Reagan Elected

    Reagan Elected
    Ended on January 20, 1989. Ronald Reagan was our 40th President and a actor. Reagan was a radical anti communist who wanted to rid them from the earth. He created the rumor of Star Wars,a Anti Ballistic Missile System that the soviets feared. Reagan also ended the cold war and helped cause the dissolve of the Soviet Union.
  • SDI announced

    SDI announced
    SDI was a Anti Ballistic Missile System that would shot down missiles from space. Reagan proposed SDI nicknamed "Star Wars" to counter Soviet missiles that could hit america. Due to the idea of the system being decades ahead of it's time, it was never created. The idea did scare the soviets in the end.
  • Geneva Conference with Gorbachev

    Geneva Conference with Gorbachev
    At the Geneva Conference, Reagan and Gorbachev talked about Arms Control and about disarming some of the two nations missiles. During the talks, the two nations struggled to make a agreement and came out of the conference with out a agreement made. After the meeting, Reagan and Gorbachev would have personal talks and became quick friends that would help the two nations trust each other a little bit more.
  • "Tear down this wall" speech

    "Tear down this wall" speech
    At the Berlin wall, Ronald Reagan gave his "Tear down this wall" speech. The wall divided east and west Germany and the soviet union and the western nations made them two different nations. Reagan gave his speech and it was made to challenge Mikhail Gorbachev and in the end it worked in uniting east and west Germany.
  • The Fall of the Berlin Wall

    The Fall of the Berlin Wall
    On November 9, 1989, East and West Germany were reunited after decades of being separated. The wall started to be torn down after the East German Communist Party allowed it citizens to come and go as they wanted to East and West Germany. Germany was reunified one year later.