Chapter 10 - Launching the New Ship of State (1789 - 1800)

Timeline created by rebeccahettrick
In History
  • Constitution put formally into effect

    Constitution put formally into effect
    The United States Constitution is the highest law of the United States of America. It was put in writing on September 17, 1787 by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and later put into effect by representatives of the people of the first 13 states. When 9 of the states ratified the document, they put forth a union of sovereign states, and a federal government for that union. That government started on March 4, 1789, taking the place of the Articles of Confederation.
  • Washington makes his oath of office

    Washington makes his oath of office
    The first inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the United States took place on April 30, 1789. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of George Washington as President. John Adams had already taken office as Vice President on April 21. Sworn in by Chancellor of New York Robert Livingston during this first presidential inauguration, Washington became the first President of the United States following the ratification of the Constitution.
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

     Judiciary Act of 1789
    The Judiciary Act of 1789 was a landmark statute adopted on September 24, 1789, in the first session of the First United States Congress. It established the U.S. federal judiciary. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution prescribed that the "judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and such inferior courts as Congress saw fit to establish". It made no provision for the composition or procedures of any of the courts, leaving this to Congress to decide.
  • First official census

    First official census
    The United States Census of 1790 recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the First Census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214. Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the marshals of United States judicial districts under an act which, with minor modifications and extensions, governed census taking through 1840.
  • Excise tax passed on whiskey

    Excise tax passed on whiskey
    After a spirited debate, the House passed, by a 35 to 21 majority, the Excise Whiskey Tax—legislation that proved wildly unpopular with farmers and eventually precipitated the “Whisky Rebellion.” The measure levied a federal tax on domestic and imported alcohol, earmarked to offset a portion of the federal government’s recent assumption of state debts. Southern and western farmers, whose grain crop was a chief ingredient in whiskey, loudly protested the tax.
  • Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties formed

    Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties formed
    The Democratic-Republican party was the second political party created in the United Sttes. They were also refered to as the Jeffersonian Republicans. The Federalist Party was the first political party formed in the United States and lasted until the 1820's. The Federalist party was build mainly on the support of bankers and businessmen in order to support Hamiltons fiscal policies.
  • Bank of United States created

    Bank of United States created
    The First Bank of the United States, was a national bank, chartered by the U.S. Congress on February 25, 1791. Establishment of the bank was included in a three-part expansion of federal fiscal and monetary power (along with a federal mint and excise taxes) promoted by Alexander Hamilton. He believed a national bank was necessary to stabilize and improve the nation's credit, and improve handling of the financial business of the U.S. government under the newly enacted constitution.
  • Vermont becomes 14th State in the Union

    Vermont becomes 14th State in the Union
    Vermont petitioned Congress to become a state in the federal union. Congress acted on February 18, 1791 to admit Vermont to the Union as the 14th state as of March 4, 1791, and become the first to enter the Union after the original 13 colonies. Vermont had a unicameral legislature until 1836.
  • Bill of Rights adopted

    Bill of Rights adopted
    The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Proposed to assuage the fears of Anti-Federalists who had opposed Constitutional ratification, these amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and public. On December 15, 1791, Articles 3-12, having been ratified by the required number of states, became Amendments 1-10 of the Constitution.
  • Citizen Genet affair

    Citizen Genet affair
    A French representative who attempted to contradict the Neutrality Proclamation by organizing armies to attack British and Spanish territories. Washington ejected him from the country when he became too bold in his recruiting, threatened govt. authority
  • Washington's second inauguration

    Washington's second inauguration
    The second inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the U.S. took place in the Senate Chamber of Congress Hall in Philadelphia on March 4, 1793. The inauguration marked the commencement of the second four-year term of George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice President. It was the first to take place in the "City of Brotherly Love" and also the first on the date fixed by the Continental Congress for inaugurations.
  • Washington's Neutraility Proclamation

    Washington's Neutraility Proclamation
    This was a formal announcement given by George Washington, which declared the US neutral in the conflict between Fance and Britain.
  • End of Whiskey Rebellion

    End of Whiskey Rebellion
    In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Sha
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers

    Battle of Fallen Timbers
    The Battle of Fallen Timbers was the final battle of the Northwest Indian War, a struggle between American Indian tribes affiliated with the Western Confederacy, including minor support from the British, against the United States for control of the Northwest Territory. The battle, which was a decisive victory for the United States, ended major hostilities in the region until Tecumseh's War and the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.
  • Jay's Treaty with Britain

    Jay's Treaty with Britain
    The Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, Between His Britannic Majesty and The United States of America, commonly known as the Jay Treaty, and also as Jay's Treaty, was a 1794 treaty between the United States and Great Britain that is credited with averting war, resolving issues remaining since the Treaty of Paris of 1783, and facilitating ten years of peaceful trade between the U.S. and Britain in the midst of the French Revolutionary Wars, which began in 1792.
  • Treaty of Greenville; Indians cede Ohio

    Treaty of Greenville; Indians cede Ohio
    The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795, at Fort Greenville, following negotiations after the Native American loss at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. It ended the Northwest Indian War in the Ohio Country and limited strategic parcels of land to the north and west.The treaty established what became known as the Greenville Treaty Line, which was for several years a boundary between Native American territory and lands open to European-American settlers.
  • Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain signed

    Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain signed
    Pinckney's Treaty was signed on October 27, 1795 and established intentions of friendship between the U.S. and Spain. It also defined the boundaries of the United States with the Spanish colonies and guaranteed the U.S. navigation rights on the Mississippi River. Among other things, it ended the first phase of the West Florida Controversy, a dispute between the two nations over the boundaries of the Spanish colony of West Florida.
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    George Washington's Farewell Address is a letter written by Washington, to "The People of the United States of America". He wrote the letter near the end of his second term, before his retirement to Mount Vernon. Originally published in the American Daily Advertiser on September 19, it was quickly reprinted in newspapers across the country. It is a classic statement of republicanism, warning Americans of the political dangers they must avoid if they are to remain true to their values.
  • Adams becomes president

    Adams becomes president
    He was the second president of the United States and a Federalist. He was responsible for passing the Alien and Sedition Acts. Prevented all out war with France after the XYZ Affair. His passing of the Alien and Sedition Acts, which severely hurt the popularity of the Federalist party and himself.
  • XYZ Affair

    XYZ Affair
    1798 - A commission had been sent to France in 1797 to discuss the disputes that had arisen out of the U.S.'s refusal to honor the Franco-American Treaty of 1778. President Adams had also criticized the French Revolution, so France began to break off relations with the U.S. Adams sent delegates to meet with French foreign minister Talleyrand in the hopes of working things out. Talleyrand's three agents told the American delegates that they could meet with Talleyrand only in exchange for a very
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798. The Naturalization Act, the Alien Act, the Alien Enemy Act, and the Sedition Act.
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    Were put into practice in 1798 by Jefferson and James Madison. These were secretly made to get the rights back taken away from the Alien and Sedition Acts. These also brought about the later compact theory which gave the states more power than the federal government.
  • Convention of 1800 makes peace with France

    Convention of 1800 makes peace with France
    The Convention of 1800 was a treaty between the United States of America and France to settle the hostilities that had erupted during the Quasi-War. The Quasi-War had existed since the American delegation to France, arriving in 1797, had been told that America had to pay $250,000 to see the French ambassador. This incident, known as the XYZ Affair, was scandalous in America, infuriating both the Hamiltonians (Federalists) and the Jeffersonians.