Free vs Slave states

By ttleah
  • 1787 Constitutional Convention

    The 1787 Constitutional Convention debated slavery in the states, and resulted in the creation of the US Constitution, which included topics such as importation of slaves and the electoral college, as well as the 3/5ths Compromise.
  • Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    Passed just before the US Constitution was ratified, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 prohibited slavery in the federal northwest territory.
  • Fugitive Slave Clause

    The Fugitive Slave Clause was a small portion in the US Constitution of 1789 stating that all enslaved persons who flee to free states may be seized by their owners and taken back to the slave state. The compromise made with this clause was that the prohibition would be lifted after 20 years.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Acquisition of territory of Louisiana from Napoleonic France in 1803. Led to series of events involving debates over slavery.
  • Missouri Compromise

    US federal legislation prohibiting further expansion of slavery in the northern states, admitting Missouri as a slave state, and Maine as a free state. The compromise further divided the northern and southern states.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Package of 5 separate bills passed by US Congress abolishing slave trade in Washington D.C., admitting California into the Union as a free state, and creating a territorial government in Utah. This is similar to the Missouri Compromise in the way that it supports the elimination of slavery in the northern states and enters another free state into the Union.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    This controversial bill was passed in 1854, officially repealing the Missouri Compromise and establishing popular sovereignty. It also created 2 new territories; Nebraska in the north and Kansas in the south. Continuous violent outbreaks following the creation of Kansas, later named 'Bleeding Kansas' (1854-1859), were direct results of this bill, and were fought between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces in the US.
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    American Civil War

    The American Civil War was fought between the Confederacy and Union, and mainly occurred due to the Louisiana Purchase, where slavery was debated over in the newly acquired territories. After 4 years, the Union, or the free states, defeated the Confederate states, or the slave states, and the abolishment of slavery was spread nationwide.
  • 13th Amendment

    The 13th Amendment of the US Constitution went into effect on December 18th, 1865, abolishing slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime. It was the first of three Reconstruction Amendments created after the American Civil War.