APUSH Period 4

Timeline created by josie_laprad
In History
  • Thomas Jefferson was Elected President

    Thomas Jefferson was Elected President
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    A revolt in Richmond that was postponed due to poor weather conditions, however the government of VA was notified and Gabriel Prosser and 25 other slaves were hanged upon their capture and refusal to submit to questioning.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The US bought Louisiana from France
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Forms the basis for the exercise of judicial review in the United States under Article III of the Constitution.
  • Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Explore the unknown territory, establish trade with the Natives and affirm the sovereignty of the United States in the region
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports.
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

    Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    A naval engagement that occurred off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia, between the British warship HMS Leopard and the American frigate USS Chesapeake. - War of 1812
  • Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
    The cotton gin made the production of cotton easier and more profitable which resulted in an increase in the need for more slaves.
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    The Democratic-Republican candidate James Madison defeated Federalist candidate Charles Cotesworth Pinckney to become the nation's fourth president.
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    Replaced the Embargo Act of 1807, lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports.
  • Francis Cabot Lowell smuggled memorized textile mill plans from Manchester, England

    Francis Cabot Lowell smuggled memorized textile mill plans from Manchester, England
    Lowell wasn't able to buy any plans for the textile mills in Scotland and England during a trip, so he memorized them. He was able to smuggle the plans through a search for contraband because none of it was written down. He is credited with bringing the industrial revolution to America.
  • Beginning of Manifest Destiny

    Beginning of Manifest Destiny
    The United States got much larger and much wealthier, the idea that God had destined the US to spread out across the continent of North America, negative effects for Native Americans and Mexico.
  • Death of Tecumseh

    Death of Tecumseh
    Tecumseh was killed at the Battle of the Thames, causing the remaining Native Americans to withdraw from the alliance
  • The British Burn Washington DC

    The British Burn Washington DC
    A British attack against Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812
  • End of War of 1812

    End of War of 1812
    The War of 1812 ended in a stalemate between Great Britain and America. The Treaty of Ghent called for peace and the return of all geographic regions to their previous owners. Canada and Native Americans hold this war as the turning point in their losing struggle to self-governance.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Last major battle in the War of 1812, American forces successfully repelled the invading British army
  • Treaty of Ghent Ratified

    Treaty of Ghent Ratified
    Ended the War of 1812 between America and Britain, however it didn't achieve any goals that were previously set forth.
  • Era of Good Feeling Began

    Era of Good Feeling Began
    Earned its name due to its one-party dominance which made decisions quick and easy, a very easy and relatively stress-free time.
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    Rush-Bagot Treaty
    The United States and the United Kingdom limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe Elected President
    The fourth and final president during the First Party System era of American politics.
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Anglo-American Convention
    Set the boundary between the Missouri Territory in the United States and Canada at the forty-ninth parallel.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    The United States bought Florida from Spain
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    John Marshall ruled that Maryland couldn't tax the bank even though the state didn't agree with the bank. The Bank is a federal institution.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    The first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States followed by a general collapse of the American economy persisting through 1821
  • Dartmouth v. Woodward

    Dartmouth v. Woodward
    New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution, but Marshall's Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State. The decision settled the nature of public versus private charters
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    An effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
  • Second Great Awakening Began

    Second Great Awakening Began
    a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. Membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement
  • Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt

    Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt
    Denmark Vesey was accused and convicted of being the ringleader of "the rising, a major potential slave revolt planned for Charleston, South Carolina
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    A United States policy of opposing European colonialism in The Americas
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    The Supreme Court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
  • John Quincy Adams Elected President

    John Quincy Adams Elected President
    Won the election over Andrew Jackson because he promised Henry Clay Secretary of State.
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    The longest artificial waterway and the greatest public works project in North America, put New York on the map as the Empire State—the leader in population, industry, and economic strength
  • Charles B Finney lead religious revivals in western new york

    Charles B Finney lead religious revivals in western new york
    Major part of the Second Great Awakening which increased attendence in churches, especially Methodist and Baptist denominations.
  • Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community

    Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community
    The Harmonists decided to sell their property in the wilderness and return to Pennsylvania with the intention of creating a new utopian community and renamed it New Harmony.
  • Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"

    Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"
    Heavy drinking even occurred at some formal meetings of clergy, and Beecher resolved to take a stand against it. His sermons went thorughout the country and were even translated into other languages for Europeans to read.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Designed to protect industry in the northern United States.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected President

    Andrew Jackson Elected President
    Featured a re-match between incumbent President John Quincy Adams, and Andrew Jackson.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Signed into law by President Andrew Jackson, authorized the exchange of unsettled lands in the West for Indian Reservations in state borders. (forced removal of Native Americans).
  • Joseph Smith founded the church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints

    Joseph Smith founded the church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints
    He based the church off of the book of Revelations in Bible. Around the time of the Second Great Awakening
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    The court ruled that only the federal government, not the states, had the right to impose their regulations on Indian land.
  • Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-charter of the Second Bank of the United States

    Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-charter of the Second Bank of the United States
    Jackson gave a reason for vetoing the re-charter by arguing that in the form presented to him it was incompatible with “justice,” “sound policy” and the Constitution.
  • Nullification Crisis Began

    Nullification Crisis Began
    The South Carolina passed an ordinance of nullification and threatened to secede if the federal government attempted to collect those tariff duties.
  • Black Hawk War

    Black Hawk War
    Fought in Illinois and Wisconsin, the war was one of many conflicts between Native Americans and white settlers over western land.
  • Creation of Whig Party in the US

    Creation of Whig Party in the US
    Originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson, the Whigs supported the supremacy of the US Congress and favored banking, and economic stimulus of manufacturing.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Ceded Cherokee land to the U.S. in exchange for compensation
  • Transcendental Club's First Meeting

    Transcendental Club's First Meeting
    Began the expansion of Transcendentalism throughout the country, putting importance on nature, individualism, and spiritual self-reliance. (Kind of ironic since the formation contradicts some of the beliefs of Transcendentalism)
  • First McGuffey Reader Published

    First McGuffey Reader Published
    The sales were so high that they challenged the Bible and Webster's Dictionary for the most popular book.
  • Texas Declared Independence from Mexico

    Texas Declared Independence from Mexico
    the Texas Revolution, adopted at the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    A pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo
  • Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular

    Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular
    presidential executive order, it required payment for government land to be in gold and silver.
  • Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education

    Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education
    Brought about Education reform which included the increase public, tax-funded schools and curriculum reform.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    influenced by the economic policies of President Jackson
  • Martin Van Buren elected President

    Martin Van Buren elected President
    He was unable to get elected to a second term as president, however, when a financial panic hit the country and the stock market crashed.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"

    Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"
    A speech Emerson gave to the graduating class of Harvard Divinity School. Based upon the intimate relationship between man and God earlier put forth in Nature
  • Trail of Tears Began

    Trail of Tears Began
    The Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma due to Jackson's Indian Removal Act.
  • Catherine Beecher published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers

    Catherine Beecher published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers
    Discussed the underestimated role of women in society and started the board of national popular education. trained and sent women out west to shape children into society.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    Settled the border between Canada and America, during Daniel Webster's first term as Secretary of State
  • Treaty of Wanghia with China

    Treaty of Wanghia with China
    a diplomatic agreement between Qing-dynasty China and the United States, allowed American citizens to merchandize equally in the five treaty ports
  • US Annexation of Texas

    US Annexation  of Texas
    Texas entered the United States as a slave state, broadening the irrepressible differences in the United States over the issue of slavery and setting off the Mexican-American War.
  • James Polk Elected President

    James Polk Elected President
    11th President of the United States, a Democrat, assumed office after defeating Whig Henry Clay, Mexican War amongst other things.
  • Start of Mexican War

    Start of Mexican War
    Mexican cavalry attacked a group of U.S. soldiers in the disputed zone(which is a place they had no right to be; they were trespassing essentially) under the command of General Zachary Taylor(convinced to do this by President Polk), killing about a dozen. They then laid siege to an American fort along the Rio Grande.
  • Bear Flag Revolt

    Bear Flag Revolt
    a small group of American settlers in California rebelled against the Mexican government and proclaimed California an independent republic,
  • John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community

    John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community
    a Perfectionist religious communal society, The community believed that Jesus had already returned in AD 70, making it possible for them to bring about Jesus's millennial kingdom themselves, and be free of sin and be perfect.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Ended the Mexican War, and added an additional 525,000 square miles to United States territory, including the land that makes up all or parts of present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.
  • Gold Rush Began in California

    Gold Rush Began in California
    President Polk was credited with the Gold Rush because a) he was president at the time, and b) he was the one to bring the Mexican War to Congress which is how America aquired California.
  • Henry David Thoreau published Civil Disobedience

    Henry David Thoreau published Civil Disobedience
    Arrested after refusing to pay taxes. He wrote Civil Disobedience during his jail time about his rights to not pay taxes that would go to a cause that he didn't agree with.
  • Commodore Matthew Perry entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the US

    Commodore Matthew Perry entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the US
    He demanded that ports be opened to Americans, that prisoners be treated well and given back, etc. This re-established trade in the western world after approximately 200 years of tension.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    A 29,670-square-mile region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that the United States purchased via a treaty
  • Kanagawa Treaty

    Kanagawa Treaty
    The first treaty between the United States of America and the Tokugawa Shogunate, opening the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade and permitting the establishment of a U.S. consulate in Japan.