AP Euro S2 Timeline

  • First steam engine is invented

    First steam engine is invented
    A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. The steam engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force can be transformed, by a connecting rod and crank, into rotational force for work
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    The working class were the factory workers and they were the poorest at the bottom of the class structure. They are sometimes associated with low-skilled jobs. Next up the ladder, are the middle class, which are typically the managers, business owners, and those with skilled jobs
  • British victory in the Battle of Plassey

    British victory in the Battle of Plassey
    Bengal annexed by the British East India Company
  • Invention of the Spinning Jenny

    Invention of the Spinning Jenny
    The Spinning Jenny was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves, a cotton weaver, from Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire. He invented the first successful multi-spindle spinning machine. The early jennies were awkward to operate, and required considerable skill.
  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin

    Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin
    Designed to separate cotton fiber from seed, Whitney's cotton gin, for which he applied for a patent on October 28, 1793, and received a patent on March 14, 1794, introduced a new, profitable technology to agricultural production in America.
  • Textile Industry

    Textile Industry
    The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry.
  • Luddites

    Group of handicraft workers who attacked hold factories in northern England in 1812 and after, smashing the new machines that they believe were putting them out of work
  • Corn laws

    Corn laws
    British laws revised in 1815 which prohibited the importation of foreign green unless the price rose to improbable levels; benefited the aristocracy but made food prices high for working people
  • Opposition of suffrage

    Opposition of suffrage
    Just like men and women supported votes for women, men and women organized against suffrage as well. Anti-suffragists argued that most women did not want the vote. Because they took care of the home and children, they said women did not have time to vote or stay updated on politics.
  • Mines Act

    Mines Act
    1842; English law that prohibited underground work for all women and girls as well as for boys under
  • Marx and Engles

    Marx and Engles
    Wrote Communist manifesto; 1848; conflict between haves and have-nots; workers rise against employers not
  • Causes of revolutions of 1848

    Causes of revolutions of 1848
    Conservative leaders refused to respond to the problems and social tensions created by industrialization and urbanization; working class radicals a middle-class liberals believe Metternich system outlived usefulness; Italy and Germany's nationalists wanted unification; Austrian empire national minorities demanded independence; crop failures, rising prices for food, and growing unemployment lead to a demand for change
  • Results of revolutions of 1848

    Results of revolutions of 1848
    Failed because of internal divisions, like the popular support outside the cities, and the continued strength of conservative forces; peaceful reforms enabled England to avoid violent revolts; repressive policies stifled reform in Russia; idealistic romantic spirit lead to new age of political realism
  • British Public Health Act

    British Public Health Act
    Implemented to raise living standards, and sanitary issues. Was a high problem and finely addressed once the cholera outbreak happend.
  • First Women's Rights Convention

    First Women's Rights Convention
    The Seneca Falls Convention is regarded by many as the birthplace of American feminism. Heralded as the first women's rights convention in the United States, it was held at the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, New York
  • Steel Industry

    Steel Industry
    replaced iron in machinery, ships, railroad tracks, and building construction
  • Nationalism during Industrial Revolution

    Nationalism during Industrial Revolution
    The industrial revolution saw a fundamental change in the way goods were produced, from labor to machinery. Political and social changes emerged during this period; mainly the feeling of nationalism came in the 19th century. As the 19th century moved along, the feeling of nationalism was developing rapidly
  • Second Industrial Revolution

    Second Industrial Revolution
    Germany surpassed any other country in the revolution especially in the steel industry, even surpassed great britian. the 2nd industrial evolution focussed on the production of steel, chemicals, oil, electricity, internal combudtion engine, consumerisn, and the early developement of shopping malls. Bikes became a thing. Belgium ,France, germany, britain, and America were all large players in the industrial revolution
  • New Imperialism - expansion of european power

    New Imperialism - expansion of european power
    To european thinkers this was the last stage of imperialism. By 1880 only edges of africa were colonized, but then the scramble for africa occured as Britin, French, Germany, Portugul, Italy, Belgium, and spain aquired many different regions of africa. The governments of said countries convinced their people that colonizing these peoples land is their duty in ordr to civilize the uncilivized, and they tols them it will benfit the homeland/mother country.
  • Formation of the American Equal Rights Association

    Formation of the American Equal Rights Association
    One of the major groups leading the suffrage movement at this point was the American Equal Rights Association (AERA). The organization was founded on May 10, 1866, at the eleventh National Woman's Right Convention by suffrage leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
  • Englished Married Womans Property Act

    Englished Married Womans Property Act
    The Married Women's Property Act 1870 (33 & 34 Vict c 93) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that allowed married women to be the legal owners of the money they earned and to inherit property.
  • Darwins the Descent of Man

    Darwins the Descent of Man
    principle of evolution, survival of the fittest and natural selection.
  • British imperialism

    British imperialism
    Took control of Egypt in 1883; pushed southward and took control of Sudan; controlled Transvaal, Orange Free State, Cape colony and Natal (union of S. Africa)
  • Berlin conference

    Berlin conference
    A meeting of European leaders held in 1884 and 1885; laid down some basic rules for imperialist competition in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Sergie Witte(Not Tsar) led russia to industrialization

    This starting point after Tsar alexander III when Nicholas II caused the term kulaks to be coined and famin swept across the russian country side.
  • Boxer rebellion

    Boxer rebellion
    1900 to 1903; and early 20th century rebellion in china against foreign influence
  • Early Feminist acts

    Early Feminist acts
    Many important events regarding Womans history, developed like the admmitance of women into universities, womens workers unions, the national concil of french women,British women 's social and political union founded, norway allows women to vote on public issues, women can vote in britian.
  • Russo-Japanese War

    Russo-Japanese War
    Japanese wins war showing its power and the Russians weakness
  • The First World War

    The First World War
    Begain when Arch-duke Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated this cause Germany and austria to declare war on Russia, France and Britian. Ended with the armistice. During the war it was moslty stailmate due to the failure of the 1905 Schlieffen Plan. Germanies last offensive was on the Mane but it failed.
  • Russian revolution

    Russian revolution
    Lenin and his Bolshevik party and the white russians eventually defeated the red army and killed the tsar putting Lenin in charge. this led to the development of the Cummunist russia.
  • 14 points

    14 points
    1918; proposed by US president Woodrow Wilson; Peace aims; stressed national self determination, rights of small countries, freedom of the seas, and free-trade; called for open diplomacy, I reduction in or not armaments, freedom of commerce and trade and the establishment of the League of Nations
  • Hitler is appointed German Leader

    Hitler is appointed German Leader
  • World War II Begins

    World War II Begins
    World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great powers—forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers.
  • Soviet Union Invades Poland

    Soviet Union Invades Poland
    The Soviet invasion of Poland was a military operation by the Soviet Union without a formal declaration of war. On 17 September 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east, sixteen days after Germany invaded Poland from the west
  • Warsaw Captured

    Warsaw Captured
    Soviet troops liberate the Polish capital from German occupation. Warsaw was a battleground since the opening day of fighting in the European theater
  • UK Wins War's First Sea Battle

    UK Wins War's First Sea Battle
    The Battle of Heligoland Bight took place in the North Sea on August 28, 1914. Reports of the fight took a couple of weeks to make it into print. The battle was a convincing victory by the British Royal Navy against the German Imperial Navy, at a time when the Allies were doing badly on land
  • Churchill Becomes Prime Minister

    Churchill Becomes Prime Minister
    In May 1940, he became Prime Minister, replacing Neville Chamberlain. Churchill formed a national government and oversaw British involvement in the Allied war effort against the Axis powers, resulting in victory in 1945. After the Conservatives' defeat in the 1945 general election, he became Leader of the Opposition.
  • Containment of Russia

    Containment of Russia
    containment, strategic foreign policy pursued by the United States beginning in the late 1940s in order to check the expansionist policy of the Soviet Union
  • Evacuation of Dunkirk

    Evacuation of Dunkirk
    From May 26 to June 4, over 338,000 British and French troops were safely evacuated from Dunkirk. Critical to this process was the British Royal Air Force, which intercepted German bombers above the beach. Together with the civilians who aided the Royal Navy, they saved countless lives.
  • Battle of Britain

    Battle of Britain
    The Battle of Britain, also known as the Air Battle for England, was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force and the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy defended the United Kingdom against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe
  • The Blitz

    The Blitz
    intense bombing campaign undertaken by Nazi Germany against the United Kingdom during World War II. For eight months the Luftwaffe dropped bombs on London and other strategic cities across Britain.
  • Operation Barbarossa

    Operation Barbarossa
    Operation Barbarossa was the code name for the invasion of the Soviet Union by Nazi Germany and most of its Axis allies, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II. The operation was named after Frederick Barbarossa, a 12th-century Holy Roman emperor and German king
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States against the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, just before 08:00 a.m., on Sunday
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    After World War II, the rocket foreshadowed a new style of warfare in which nuclear bombs could be delivered quickly across the world. War might begin--and end--suddenly, decisively, without warning. As the Space Race began, the United States and the Soviet Union were building rockets to use as long-range weapons
  • Arms Race Between the United States & Russia

    Arms Race Between the United States & Russia
    Known as the Cold War, this conflict began as a struggle for control over the conquered areas of Eastern Europe in the late 1940s and continued into the early 1990s. Initially, only the United States possessed atomic weapons, but in 1949 the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb and the arms race began.
  • Development of Hydrogen Bomb

    Development of Hydrogen Bomb
    Edward Teller, Stanislaw M. Ulam, and other American scientists developed the first hydrogen bomb, which was tested at Enewetak atoll on.
  • Feminist movement

    Feminist movement
    The feminist movement (also known as the women's movement, or feminism) refers to a series of Social movements and Political campaigns for reforms on women's issues created by the inequality between men and women.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 was a pivotal event in world history which marked the falling of the Iron Curtain and one of the series of events that started the fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe, preceded by the Solidarity Movement in Poland