Ancient Egypt

Timeline created by Ravenclaw100
In History
  • Period:
    2,950 BCE
    to
    2,575 BCE

    Early Dynastic Period Dynasties I-III

    The Ancient Egyptian civilization begins.The first Pharaoh of Egypt, Menes, united the Upper and Lower parts of Egypt.He put the capitol at the midpoint of the two lands in a city called Memphis.During this time the Egyptians developed a hieroglyphic writing which would be important for making records and running the government.Near the end of the Early Dynastic Period and the start of the Old Kingdom, the first pyramid was built by the Pharaoh Djoser and the famous Egyptian Architect Imhotep.
  • Period:
    2,575 BCE
    to
    2,150 BCE

    Old Kingdom Dynasties IV-VIII

    The fourth dynasty begins and the Great pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are built. this is often called the age of the pyramids. The fourth dynasty is a time of peace and also a time when the sun god Re became prominent in the Egyptian Religion.
  • Period:
    2,150 BCE
    to
    1,975 BCE

    First Intermediate Period Dynasties IX-XI

    Egypt splits back into two countries. The Old Kingdom ends and the First Intermediate period begins.
  • Period:
    1,975 BCE
    to
    1,640 BCE

    Middle Kingdom Dynasties XI-XIV

    The Pharaoh Mentuhotep II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved to the north near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry water from the Nile to the crops.
  • Period:
    1,640 BCE
    to
    1,520 BCE

    Second Intermediate Period Dynasties XV-XVII

    The Middle Kingdom ends and the Second Intermediate Period begins. Some of the dynasties at the end of the Middle Kingdom and during this period only last for a short time. The horse and chariot are introduced during this period.
  • Period:
    1,520 BCE
    to
    1,075 BCE

    New Kingdom Dynasties XVIII-XX

    The New Kingdom is a time of greatest prosperity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer most of the lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches its peak.
  • Period:
    1,075 BCE
    to
    -653 BCE

    Third Intermediate Period Dynasties XXI-XXIV

    The New Kingdom comes to an end when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by the Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
  • Period:
    -653 BCE
    to
    -332 BCE

    Late Period Dynasties XXV-XXX

    The Late Period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and the locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians.