Period:2,950 BCEto2,575 BCE
Early Dynastic Period Dynasties I-IIIThe Ancient Egyptian civilization begins.The first Pharaoh of Egypt, Menes, united the Upper and Lower parts of Egypt.He put the capitol at the midpoint of the two lands in a city called Memphis.During this time the Egyptians developed a hieroglyphic writing which would be important for making records and running the government.Near the end of the Early Dynastic Period and the start of the Old Kingdom, the first pyramid was built by the Pharaoh Djoser and the famous Egyptian Architect Imhotep.
Period:2,575 BCEto2,150 BCE
Old Kingdom Dynasties IV-VIIIThe fourth dynasty begins and the Great pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx are built. this is often called the age of the pyramids. The fourth dynasty is a time of peace and also a time when the sun god Re became prominent in the Egyptian Religion.
Period:2,150 BCEto1,975 BCE
First Intermediate Period Dynasties IX-XIEgypt splits back into two countries. The Old Kingdom ends and the First Intermediate period begins.
Period:1,975 BCEto1,640 BCE
Middle Kingdom Dynasties XI-XIVThe Pharaoh Mentuhotep II reunites the two parts of Egypt under one rule signaling the start of the Middle Kingdom. The royal tombs are moved to the north near the city of Memphis. The Egyptians start to use irrigation to carry water from the Nile to the crops.
Period:1,640 BCEto1,520 BCE
Second Intermediate Period Dynasties XV-XVIIThe Middle Kingdom ends and the Second Intermediate Period begins. Some of the dynasties at the end of the Middle Kingdom and during this period only last for a short time. The horse and chariot are introduced during this period.
Period:1,520 BCEto1,075 BCE
New Kingdom Dynasties XVIII-XXThe New Kingdom is a time of greatest prosperity for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. During this time the Pharaohs conquer most of the lands and the Egyptian Empire reaches its peak.
Period:1,075 BCEto-653 BCE
Third Intermediate Period Dynasties XXI-XXIVThe New Kingdom comes to an end when Egypt becomes divided. Third Intermediate Period begins. Egypt grows weaker and is eventually conquered by the Assyrian Empire near the end of this period.
Period:-653 BCEto-332 BCE
Late Period Dynasties XXV-XXXThe Late Period begins as the Assyrians leave Egypt and the locals regain control from vassals left by the Assyrians.