Milestones in African American Education

Timeline created by Shasha He
In History
  • Rev. Thomas Bray

    Rev. Thomas Bray
    Rev. Thomas Bray was sent by the Bishop of London to Maryland to convert and educate enslaved Africans.
  • Anthony Benezet

    Anthony Benezet
    The African School for Blacks was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Anthony Benezet, founder of the Abolitionist Society.
  • Anthony Benezet

    Anthony Benezet
    Private evening school established for Africans in Philadelphia by Anthony Benezet, founder of the Abolitionist Society.
  • Hugh Bryan

    Hugh Bryan, a wealthy South Carolina planter, funded a school for enslaved Africans in Virginia.
  • Haddonfield Quarterly Meeting

    On recommendations of Haddonfield Quarterly Meeting, New Jersey Quakers raised funds for the education of African Americans and opened a school.
  • Sarah Dwight

    Quakers of Philadelphia hired Sarah Dwight to teach sewing to African girls.
  • New York City African Free School

    New York City African Free School
    New York City African Free School opened. School willed by Benezet opened. In 1784, Anthony Benezet died and willed money for the support of education of Africans and American Indians.
  • Boston opened its first primary school for Africans.

  • Institute for Colored Youth founded

    Institute for Colored Youth founded
    Institute for Colored Youth ; Founded by Richard Humphreys; later became Cheyney University.
  • 13 private schools for African children were located in Philadelphia

  • Ashmun Institute

    Ashmun Institute
    Ashmun Institute, the first school of higher learning for young black men, founded by John Miller Dickey and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson; later (1866) renamed Lincoln University (Pa.) after President Abraham Lincoln.
  • Wilberforce University

    Wilberforce University
    Wilberforce University, the first black school of higher learning owned and operated by African Americans, founded by the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Its president, Daniel A. Payne, became the first African American Uniiversity president in the country.
  • Howard University's law school

    Howard University's law school
    Howard University School of Law, becomes the country's first black law school
  • Illiterate Rate

    The 1870 census reports that 81% of African Americans in the US were illiterate (compared to 8.5% of white Americans); 9.1% of African American children attend school (compared to 50% of white Americans children).
  • Meharry Medical College

    Meharry Medical College
    Meharry Medical College, the first black medical school in the U.S., founded by the Freedman's Aid Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
  • Spelman College

    Spelman College
    Spelman College, the first college for black women in the U.S., founded by Sophia B. Packard and Harriet E. Giles.
  • Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute

    Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
    Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Booker T. Washington founds the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama. The school became one of the leading schools of higher learning for African Americans, and stressed the practical application of knowledge. In 1896, George Washington Carver began teaching there as director of the department of agricultural research, gaining an international reputation.
  • First Course in African Civilization

     First Course in African Civilization
    William Leo Hansberry, teaches the first course in African civilization at an American university, at Howard University.
  • Frederick Douglass Patterson

    Frederick Douglass Patterson
    Frederick Douglass Patterson establishes the United Negro College Fund to help support black colleges and black students.
  • Segregation in Public Schools in Unconstitutiona

    Segregation in Public Schools in Unconstitutiona
    Brown v. Board of Education In the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., the Supreme Court rules unanimously that segregation in public schools in unconstitutional.
  • Little Rock Nine

     Little Rock Nine
    Little Rock Nine, a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops to ensure integration of the all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Ark. The Little Rock Nine were the first black students to attend the school.
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

     Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
    Student Nonviolent Coorinating CommitteeStudent Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Black and white students form the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), dedicated to working against segregation and discrimination.
  • James Meredith

    James Meredith
    James Meredith is the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi; on the day he enters the university, he is escorted by U.S. marshals.
  • Ford Foundation

    Ford Foundation
    Ford Foundation The Ford Foundation gives $1 million to Morgan State University, Howard University, and Yale University to help prepare faculty members to teach courses in African American studies.
  • Grutter v. Bollinger

    Grutter v. Bollinger
    Gretter V. Bollinger In Grutter v. Bollinger, the Supreme Court (5-4) upholds the University of Michigan Law School's affirmative action policy, ruling that race can be one of many factors considered by colleges when selecting their students because it furthers “a compelling interest in obtaining the educational benefits that flow from a diverse student body.”
  • Journal of Blacks in Higher Education

    Journal of Blacks in Higher Education
    Journal of Blacks in Higher Education surveyed the nation's highest-ranked research universities, the most selective liberal arts colleges, and the 50 flagship state universities to determine their levels of black faculty. Mount Holyoke College had the highest percentage of black faculty of any of the 100 colleges and universities surveyed, with 9.7%. According to the U.S. Dept. of Education, the 2007 national average was 5.4%.
  • School Enrollment

    School Enrollment
    The percentage of all 18- to 24-year-old African Americans enrolled in higher education increases to 32.6% from 21.2% in 1988.
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    Education in the Slavery Period

    Slavery was permitted in the colonies and states prior to the Civil war. During slavery various religious organizations, slave owners, and other individuals and groups educated enslaved Africans with private funds.
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    Reconstruction

    Carpetbag governments, mission societies, and Freedmen’s Bureau established schools for newly freed African Americans.
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    Rates of African American school attendance increased significantly

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    Closing the Gap

    African American children born from 1910 – 1940 narrowed the gap between the years of schooling between themselves and white children
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    Substantial Increases

    Substantial increases in African American-to-white per pupil spending occurred in the South. Racial equality in the distribution of school resources improved nationwide
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    Racial differences in grade completion narrowed

    Racial differences in grade completion narrowed; however, small but non-trivial differences existed.