US History

Timeline created by Hector 2001
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    the Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, signaling the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States. The transcontinental railroad had long been a dream for people living in the American West.May 10, 2012
  • • Industrialization Begins to Boom

    •	Industrialization Begins to Boom
    The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
  • • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    •	Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    the Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St. Tammany, or the Columbian Order, was a New York City political organization founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789, as the Tammany Society. It was the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in controlling New York City and New York State politics and helping immigrants, most notably the Irish, rise up in American politics from the 1790s to the 1960s. It typically controlled Democratic Party nominations.
  • • Telephone Invented

    •	Telephone Invented
    They were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, when he made the first call on March 10, 1876, to his assistant, Thomas Watson: "Mr. Watson--come here--I want to see you."
  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    The Compromise of 1877 was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.
  • • Light Bulb Invented

    •	Light Bulb Invented
    Joseph Swan demonstrates the electric lamp to the Newcastle Chemical Society in northern England. The incandescent light bulb has become synonymous with Thomas Edison. But Swan was the first to show a more-or-less workable version of this remarkable creation
  • • Third Wave of Immigration

    •	Third Wave of Immigration
    The third wave, between 1880 and 1914, brought over 20 million European immigrants to the United States, an average of 650,000 a year at a time when the United States had 75 million residents. ... Third-wave European immigration was slowed first by World War I and then by numerical quotas in the 1920s.
  • • Chinese Exclusion Act

    •	Chinese Exclusion Act
    It was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. In the spring of 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Chester A. Arthur. This act provided an absolute 10-year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration.
  • • Pendleton Act

    •	Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (ch. 27, 22 Stat. 403) is a United States federal law, enacted in 1883, which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
  • • Dawes Act

    •	Dawes Act
    The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887), adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
  • • Interstate Commerce Act

    •	Interstate Commerce Act
    The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices. The Act required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates.
  • • Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth

    •	Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth
    "Wealth", more commonly known as "The Gospel of Wealth", is an article written by Andrew Carnegie in June of 1889 that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
  • • Klondike Gold Rush

    •	Klondike Gold Rush
    Canada A Country by Consent: The Klondike Gold Rush 1890s. The Klondike Gold Rush began with the discovery of gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in August of 1896. As word spread, the flow of adventurers and prospectors increased until it reached its peak in the summer of 1898.
  • • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    •	Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act, 26 Stat. 209, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1–7) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890 under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
  • • Influence of Sea Power Upon History

    •	Influence of Sea Power Upon History
    The Influence of Sea Power Upon History: 1660–1783 is a history of naval warfare published in 1890 by Alfred Thayer Mahan. ... Its policies were quickly adopted by most major navies, ultimately leading to the World War I naval arms race.
  • • Homestead Steel Labor Strike

    •	Homestead Steel Labor Strike
    The Homestead Strike, also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, Pinkerton Rebellion, or Homestead Massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892
  • • Pullman Labor Strike

    •	Pullman Labor Strike
    he Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May 11, 1894, and a turning point for US labor law. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland.
  • • Annexation of Hawaii

    •	Annexation of Hawaii
    Soon after, President Benjamin Harrison submitted a treaty to annex the Hawaiian islands to the U.S. Senate for ratification. In 1897, the treaty effort was blocked when the newly-formed Hawaiian Patriotic League, composed of native Hawaiians, successfully petitioned the U.S. Congress in opposition of the treaty.Aug 15, 2016
  • • Spanish American War

    •	Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War (Spanish: Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Filipino: Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor in Cuba leading to United States intervention in the Cuban War of Independence
  • • Open Door Policy

    •	Open Door Policy
    Open Door policy, statement of principles initiated by the United States in 1899 and 1900 for the protection of equal privileges among countries trading with China and in support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity.
  • Assassination of President McKinley

    Assassination of President McKinley
    William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States from March 4, 1897 until his assassination in September 1901, six months into his second term.
  • • Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins

    •	Panama Canal U.S. Construction Begins
    Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914. President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal—a trans-isthmian canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
  • • Model-T

    The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Federal Income Tax (1913) ... Passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, and ratified February 3, 1913, the 16th amendment established Congress's right to impose a Federal income tax.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    The Federal Reserve Act intended to establish a form of economic stability in the United States through the introduction of the Central Bank, which would be in charge of monetary policy. The Federal Reserve Act is perhaps one of the most influential laws concerning the U.S. financial system.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    This is a simple addition to prevent the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment from interrupting the election or term of any Senator chosen before the amendment was passed. The United States Senate elections, 1914 were the first nationwide popular elections for Senators.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28 June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were mortally wounded by Gavrilo Princip.
  • Trench Warfare, Poison Gas, and Machine Guns

    Chemical warfare first appeared when the Germans used poison gas during a surprise attack in Flanders, Belgium, in 1915. At first, gas was just released from large cylinders and carried by the wind into nearby enemy lines. Later, phosgene and other gases were loaded into artillery shells and shot into enemy trenches.
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom which had implemented a naval blockade of Germany. The ship was identified and torpedoed by the German U-boat U-20 and sank in 18 minutes.
  • National Parks System

    National Parks System
    On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed the act creating the National Park Service, a new federal bureau in the Department of the Interior responsible for protecting the 35 national parks and monuments then managed by the department and those yet to be established.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmerman Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    The ratification of the 18th Amendment was completed on January 16th, 1919 and would take effect on January 17th, 1920. It is important to note that the 18th Amendment did not prohibit the consumption of alcohol, but rather simply the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote—a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote.
  • • President Harding’s Return to Normalcy

    Return to normalcy, a return to the way of life before World War I, was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's campaign slogan for the election of 1920.
  • • Harlem Renaissance

    The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s. During the time, it was known as the "New Negro Movement", named after the 1925 anthology by Alain Locke.
  • • Red Scare

    A "Red Scare" is promotion of widespread fear by a society or state about a potential rise of communism, anarchism, or radical leftism. The term is most often used to refer to two periods in the history of the United States with this name.
  • • Teapot Dome Scandal

    The Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding. Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall had leased Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome in Wyoming and two other locations in California to private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding
  • • Joseph Stalin Leads USSR

    Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin[a] (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Georgian-born Soviet revolutionary and political leader. Governing the Soviet Union as its dictator from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, he served as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1952 and as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953. Ideologically a Marxist and a Leninist
  • • Scopes “Monkey” Trial

    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.
  • • Charles Lindbergh’s Trans-Atlantic Flight

    Yet, when Charles Lindbergh landed safely in Paris less than 34 hours later, becoming the first pilot to solo a nonstop transatlantic flight, he changed public opinion on the value of air travel and laid the foundation for the future development of aviation.Jul 20, 2012
  • • St. Valentine’s Day Massacre

    •	St. Valentine’s Day Massacre
    The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre is the name given to the 1929 murder in Chicago of seven men of the North Side gang during the Prohibition Era.[2] It happened on February 14, and resulted from the struggle between the Irish American gang and the South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone to take control of organized crime in the city.
  • • Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday” (

    •	Stock Market Crashes “Black Tuesday” (
    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29),[1] the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States (acting as the most significant predicting indicator of the Great Depression), when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects
  • • Hoovervilles

    •	Hoovervilles
    A "Hooverville" was a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the United States of America. They were named after Herbert Hoover, who was President of the United States of America during the onset of the Depression and was widely blamed for it.
  • • Smoot-Hawley Tariff

    •	Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    ch. 4), otherwise known as the Smoot–Hawley Tariff or Hawley–Smoot Tariff, was an act implementing protectionist trade policies sponsored by Senator Reed Smoot and Representative Willis C. Hawley and signed into law on June 17, 1930. The act raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods.
  • • 100, 000 Banks Have Failed

    •	100, 000 Banks Have Failed
    The 2008 financial crisis led to the failure of a large number of banks in the United States. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) closed 465 failed banks from 2008 to 2012.[1] In contrast, in the five years prior to 2008, only 10 banks failed
  • • Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)

    •	Agriculture Adjustment Administration (AAA)
    This article is about the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933. For the act by the same name in 1938, see Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.
    Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
    Great Seal of the United States
    Other short titles

    Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
    The Farm Relief Bill
    Long title An Act to relieve the existing national economic
  • • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is a United States government corporation providing deposit insurance to depositors in US banks.
  • • Public Works Administration (PWA)

    Public Works Administration (PWA), part of the New Deal of 1933 was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes. It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression
  • • Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the American and Canadian prairies during the 1930s; severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion (the Aeolian processes) caused the phenomenon.
  • • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    The United States Social Security Administration (SSA)[2] is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits.
  • • Tuskegee Airmen

    The Tuskegee Airmen /tʌsˈkiːɡiː/[1] is the popular name of a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. Officially, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
  • • Navajo Code Talkers

    On November 27, 2017, three Navajo code talkers, including the president of the Navajo Nation, Russell Begaye, appeared with President Trump in the Oval Office in an official White House ceremony to "pay tribute to the contributions of the young Native Americans recruited by the United States military to create top- ...
  • • Tuskegee Airmen

    The Tuskegee Airmen /tʌsˈkiːɡiː/[1] is the popular name of a group of African-American military pilots (fighter and bomber) who fought in World War II. Officially, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Forces.
  • • Navajo Code Talkers

    Code talkers are people in the 20th century who used obscure languages as a means of secret communication during wartime. The term is now usually associated with the United States service members during the world wars who used their knowledge of Native American languages as a basis to transmit coded messages.
  • • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
  • • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
  • • Bataan Death March

    The Bataan Death March (Filipino: Martsa ng Kamatayan sa Bataan; Japanese: バターン死の行進, Hepburn: Batān Shi no Kōshin) was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
  • • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day

    •	Invasion of Normandy (D-Day
    The Normandy landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
  • • Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)

  • • GI Bill

  • • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

    •	Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima
    During the final stage of World War II, the United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
  • • Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day

    •	Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day
    Victory over Japan Day (also known as V-J Day, Victory in the Pacific Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war. ... On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri.
  • •Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (German: Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.

    •Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (German: Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
    Heinrich Himmler's SS took full control of the police and the concentration camps throughout Germany in 1934–35.[4] Himmler expanded the role of the camps to hold so-called "racially undesirable elements", such as Jews, criminals, homosexuals, and Romanis.
  • • Atomic bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

  • • Victory over Japan/Pacific (VJ/VP) Day

  • • Liberation of Concentration Camps

  • • Victory in Europe (VE) Day

  • • United Nations (UN) Formed

  • • Germany Divided

  • • United Nations (UN) Formed (1945)

  • • Germany Divided

  • • United Nations (UN) Formed

  • • Germany Divided

  • • Germany Divided

  • • Nuremberg Trials

    •	Nuremberg Trials
    Nuremberg, Germany, was chosen as a site for trials that took place in 1945 and 1946. Judges from the Allied powers—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals.
  • • Nuremberg Trials

  • • Truman Doctrine

  • • Truman Doctrine

  • • Marshall Plan

  • • Berlin Airlift

  • • NATO Formed

  • • Kim Il-sung invades South Korea

  • • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China

  • • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

  • • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution

  • • Armistice Signed

  • • Hernandez v. Texas

  • • Brown v. Board of Education

  • • Warsaw Pact Formed

  • • Polio Vaccine

  • • Interstate Highway Act

  • • Elvis Presley First Hit Song

  • Sputnik I

  • • Leave it to Beaver First Airs on TV

  • • Kennedy versus Nixon TV Debate

  • • Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • • Peace Corps Formed

  • • Mapp v. Ohio

  • • Cuban Missile Crisis

  • • Kennedy Assassinated in Dallas, Texas

  • • Gideon v. Wainwright

  • • The Great Society

  • • Escobedo v. Illinois

  • • Miranda v. Arizona

  • • Liberation of Concentration Camps

    •	Liberation of Concentration Camps
    Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (German: Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
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    Gilded Age

    The Gilded Age in United States history is the late 19th century, from the 1870s to about 1900. The term for this period came into use in the 1920s and 1930s and was derived from writer Mark Twain's 1873 novel The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, which satirized an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding
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    Imperialism

    American imperialism is the economic, military and cultural philosophy which states that the United States, either directly or indirectly, affects and controls other countries or their policies.
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    Theodore Roosevelt

    Political party: Republican and Progressive ( Bull Moose) Party
    Domestic Policy: Square Deal (3'cs 16/17 amendments
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    William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft served as the 27th President of the United States and as the tenth Chief Justice of the United States, the only person to have held both offices.
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    Woodrow Wilson

    Political Parties: Democrat
    Domestic Policy: Clayton Anti-trust Act, Nationals Parks Service, Federal Reserve Act, 18th/19th amendments
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    World war 1

    also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars,[5] was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
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    : Roaring Twenties

    The Roaring Twenties was the period of Western society and Western culture that occurred during and around the 1920s. It was a period of sustained economic prosperity with a distinctive cultural edge in the United States and Western Europe, particularly in major cities such as Berlin
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    : Great Depression

    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, originating in the United States.
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    : Franklin D. Roosevelt

    commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
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    : New Deal Programs

    The New Deal was a series of federal programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted in the United States during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression.
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    The Holocaust

    was a genocide during World War II in which Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe.
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    World War II

    also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
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    : Harry S. Truman

    was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
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    Baby Boom

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    : The Cold War

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    • TIMESPAN: Korean War

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    : 1950s Prosperity

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    Dwight D. Eisenhower

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    Warren Court

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    John F. Kennedy

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    Lyndon B. Johnson