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The Watergate Scandal

Timeline created by jocelyntesta in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
5%20burglars small square The First Burglary The five burglars, Bernard Barker, Virgilio Gonzalez, Eugennio Martinez, Frank Sturgis, and James McCord, with the help of E. Howard Hunt Jr. and G. Gordon Liddy, broke into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate complex to install illegal listening devices so Nixon's advisors could hear private Democratic conversations. These men called themselves "plumbers" because they were plugging up the leaks in the Nixon administration.
Watergate%20burglars small square The Arrest Five burglars arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee Headquarters at the Watergate Complex in Washington D.C. This was their second break-in. They came back to fix the broken electronic listening bugs.
Watergate%20john%20v.%20mitchell small square The Washington Post Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, two Washington Post reporters, significantly helped to uncover the crimes regarding the Watergate incident. The Washington Post submitted an article stating that while John Mitchell was serving as the U.S. attorney general ran a Rebublican fund to gather secret information about the Democrats and use it to the Republican advantage. After the shocking news, Mitchell was thought to be connected with the break-in at Watergate.
Nixon%20elected%201972 small square The 1972 Elections Richard Nixon was reelected president with one of the largest victory margins on record. The exact date is questionable.
Watergate%20judge%20john%20sicira small square The Trials Begin The trial regarding the "Watergate Seven" begins. The five burglars and the two men who took charge in organizing the scheme went on trial with Judge John Sirica hearing them.
Watergate%20senate%20hearings small square The Senate Gets Involved Concerned about the Watergate scandal, the U.S. Senate voted to set up a committee to investigate the break-in. Witnesses were televised as they testified that several members of the White House had been involved in the burglary or the cover-up.
Watergate%20james%20mccord small square James McCord Tells the Truth Just before his sentencing, James McCord, one of the five burglars, wrote a letter to Judge Sirica stating that he and the other defendents had lied at the persuasion of John Mitchell, the U.S. attorney general, and John Dean, Richard Nixon's lawyer. The letter also stated that Michell approved of the wiretapping and the defendants had been bribed to keep silent.
Watergate%20john%20dean small square Nixon's Lawyer Accuses Nixon John Dean, Nixon's laywer, states that Nixon knew about the Watergate cover-up since it began. However, two men, Bob Haldeman and John Erlichman, still insisted that Nixon knew nothing.
Alexander%20butterfield%20 %20watergate small square Alexander Butterfield Helps the Watergate Committee Alexander Butterfield, the former deputy assistant to the president, reluctantly admitted that Nixon had a recording of every conversation that happened within the Oval Office since 1971. This information allowed the Watergate Committee to find out what Nixon knew, when he knew it.
Archibald%20cox small square Archibald Cox Demands Tapes Archibald Cox, the prosecutor in charge of investigating the Watergate incident, demanded that Nixon hand over the tapes and other White House documents along with the Senate committee. Nixon refused, claiming he had an executive right to keep them from Congress and the Senate.
Watergate%20tape%20recorder small square Subpoena Issued by the Watergate Committee The Watergate Committee issued a subpoena, which forces a person to show in court or give evidence to investigators. This particular subpoena commanded Nixon to hand over the tapes. In response, Nixon claimed he had an executive right to keep the tapes from Congress and the courts. Judge Sirica ruled that although Nixon was elected and is said to represent all people, he still must follow the law.
Watergate%20sat.%20night%20massacre%20newspaper small square The Saturday Night Massacre Again, Nixon refused to hand over the tapes, but made a compromise. He would let Senator John Stennis listen to a few of the tapes and take notes to give to the rest of the Watergate Committee. Archibald Cox refuse the offer, and Nixon asked Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire Cox. Richardson refused and resigned. Nixon then asked the deputy attorney general, William Ruckelshaus, to fire Cox. Ruckelshaus refused, as well and was fired. The socicitor general, Robert Bork, finally...
Timeline small square The Saturday Night Massacre Continued fired Cox. This was known as the Saturday Night Massacre because several senior White House officials lost thier jobs due to Nixon's stubbornness, not because anyone was killed.
Watergate%20tapes small square Some Tapes Released Fred Buzhardt, a member of the White House Counsel, told Judge Sirica that two of the nine tapes that had been requested, were never made. Many believed he was lying.
The%20nixo%20tapes small square The 18.5 Minutes of Blank Tape Judge Sirica was notified that there was an eighteen and a half minute gap in one of the tapes. The gap was on June 20, 1972, in the middle of a conversation between Nixon and Bob Haldeman, Nixon's chief of staff. The White House claimed that five minutes of the tape had been accidentally erased, but it was testified that the 18.5 minutes had been purposely erased.
Watergate%20committee small square State of the Union Address In this speech, Nixon promised to cooperate with the Watergate Committee in finishing off the case. Exact date questionable.
Nixon small square Another Subpoena Issued Nixon refused to hand over all the tapes again, but he give up some, none of which placed any blame on Nixon for the crimes at Watergate. However, Nixon's tone shocked the public. He cursed frequently and sounded mean and very concerned about enemies.
Impeach%20nixon small square Impeachment Hearings Began Nixon's impeachment hearings began with the House Judiciary Committee.
Watergate%20tapes small square Nixon Must Release Tapes The Supreme Court ruled that Nixon had to release all of the tapes.
Watergate%20break in small square First Article of Impeachment The House Judiciary Committee adopted the first article of impeachment, charging the president with an attempt at stopping the Watergate investigation. One of the tapes proved that he had ordered the FBI to stop the investigation. He had finally been caught for trying to cover-up a crime against the Democratic Party.
Resignation%20newspaper small square Nixon's Resignation Nixon formerly resigned after addressing the nation the night before, not admitting to committing any crimes, but confessing poor judgement.
Gerald%20ford small square Nixon's Pardon The new president, Gerald Ford grants Nixon a pardon for any crimes and offenses against the U.S.
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