THe War for Europe & North Africa

Timeline created by jasminearmstrong
In History
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The attack brought the United States into World War II. At 6 a.m. the first Japanese attack wave of 83 planes took off. Eighteen U.S. ships were hit. The day after the attack the U.S. and Britain declared war on Japan. The attack was planned weeks in advance.
  • U.S. and Britain Join forces

    U.S. and Britain Join forces
    "Now that we are, as you say, "in the same boat," British Prime Minister Winston Churchill wired President Roosevelt 2 days after the Peal Harbor event saying "Would it not be wise for us to have another conference.... and the sooners the better.
  • Doolittle's Raid

    Doolittle's Raid
    In the spring of 1942, the Allies began to turn the tide against the Japanese. The push began on April 18 with a daring raid on Tokoyo and other Japan cities. Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle led 16 bombers in the attack. He pulled off a Pearl Harbor-style air raid over Japan, and the attack lifted America's sunken spirits. Dampened spirits in Japan.
  • Battle Of The Coral Sea

    Battle Of The Coral Sea
    The main Allied forces in the Pacific were Americans and Australians. In May 1942, they succeeded in stopping the Japanese drive toward Australia in the 5 day Battle of the Coral Sea. Fighting was done by airplane that took off from enormous aircraft carriers. Not a single shot was fired by surface ships. For the first time since Pearl Harbor, a Japanese attack had been stooped and turned back.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    Americans had broken the Japenese code and knew that Midway (island northwest of Hawaii) was Japan's next target. Chester Nimitiz moved to defend the island. America sent torpedo planes and dive bombers to the attack. Results were devasting, Japan had lost four aircraft carriers, a cruiser, and 250 planes. Turning point in the Pacific War Americans had "avenged Pearl Harbor"
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    it was the first day of the invasion, shortly aftermidnight, three divisions parachuted down behind German lines.
  • LIberation of the Death Camps

    LIberation of the Death Camps
    As the soviets drew near a camp called Majdanek in Poland, SS guards worked feverishly to bury and burn all evidence of their hideous crimes. But they ran out of time. When the soviets entered Majdanek, they found a thousand starving prisoners barely alive, the world;s largest crematorium and a storehous containing 800,000 shoes.
  • The Battle of The Buldge

    The Battle of The Buldge
    8 German tank divisions broke through weak American defenses along an 80 mile front. Hitler hoped that a victory would split American and British forces and break up Allied supply lines. Tanks drove 60 miles into Allied territory creating a buldge in the lines that gave this desperate last ditch offensive its name.
  • The Yalta Conference

    The Yalta Conference
    The Allies pusehd toward victory in Europe. Roosevlt met with Churchill and Stalin (The Big Three) at the Black Sea resort city of Yalta in the Soviet Union. The Big Three toasted to the defeat of Germany that now seemed certain. For 8 days they discussed the fate of Germany and the pastwar world. Roosevelt wasnted Stalin's support for a new world peace-keeping organization, to be named the United Nations. Stalin agreed to join the war against Japan.
  • Roosevelt's death

    Roosevelt's death
    In Warm springs, Georgia the president had a stroke and died
  • Unconditional Surrender

    Unconditional Surrender
    Hitler wrote out his last address to the German people. In it he blamed the Jews for starting the war and his generals for losing it. The next day helter shot himself while his new wife swallowed poison.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    Led by General Leslie Groves and directed by J. Robert Oppenheimer, the development of the atomic bomb was made. The most ambitious scientific enterprise in history. Best kept secret of the war. 600,000 Americans were involved in the project. First test took place on the morning of July 16, 1945 in Alamogordo, New Mexico.
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    A B-29 bomber named Enola Gay released an atomic bomb (Little Boy), over Hiroshima. 43 seconds later, almost every building in the city collapsed into dust from the force of the blast. 3 days later a second bomb (Fat Man) was dropped on Nagasaki. an estimated 200,000 people had dies as a result of injuries and radiation poisoning.
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    War Plans

    Roosevelt Striked first against Hilter, Because they believed that Germany and Italy posed a greater threat than Japan.
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    World War II

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    The Battle of Stalingrad

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    The North African Front

    Was when Churchill and Roosevelt didn't think the Allies had enough troops to attempt an invasion on European soil. They launched Operation Torch. Some of 107,000 allied troops went to fight.
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    Occuaption Of Japan

    Japan was occupied by the US forces under the command of General Douglass MacArthur. More then 1,100 Japanese were arrested and put on trial. During the 7 year occuaption, MacAruther reshaped Japan's economy by introducing free market practices that led to a remarkable economic recovery. Japan has the MacArtuhr Constitution.
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    Iwo Jima

    Iwo Jima means was critical to the United States as a base from which heavily loaded bombers might reach Japan. The most heavily defended spot on earth. 20,700 Japannese troops . Only 200 survived More than 6,000 marines died taking this desolate island, the greatest number in any battle in the Pacific.
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    Battle for Okinawa

    U.S. Marines invaded the island. Japanese unleashed more than 1,900 kamikaze attacks on the Allies during the battle. Japan sunk 30 ships and killed almost 5,000 seamen. 7,600 Americans had died. 110,000 Japanese died.
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    Nuremberg War Trials

    The discovery of Hitler's death camps led the Allies to put 24 surviving Nazi leader's on trail. The trials were held in the southern German town of Nuremberg. The defendants included Hitler's most trusted party officials, government ministers, military leaders, and powerful indulstrialists. In the end, 12 of 24 defendants were sentenced to death,and the others were sent to prison.