The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era

Timeline created by puneetinder
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
War%20of%20american%20independence War of American Independence The War of American Independence was also known as the American Revolution which was a war between Great Britian and the 13 British colonies in North America. The war began when General Gage tried to destroy the Massachusetts milita group and capture their ammunition and supplies. The war ended when the Treaty of Paris was established, which gave the 13 colonies political independence and led to the establishment of United States of America.
The%20estate%20general%20is%20called The Estates General Called It started when the parlement refused to register the tax of property of the first, second, and third estate. When they refused France got into a year of intense problems form the conflicts between the royal goverment and the parlements. So the Estate General was called when Louis was convenced by the demands of the nobility. This was the first time that they were called since 1614.
Estates%20general%20convenes The Estates General Convenes It started with an opening speech by the king, then leaded with a long and boring examination on France's financial conditions by Necker. Non of the Speeches encouraged any confidence in the guidance ability of the crown. Leading to the opening, each estate was told to meet individualy to ascertain the truth of the references of its representatives.
National%20assembly%20established The National Assembly is Established It was estalished when the third estate felt like it was strong enough offically to call its self the National Assembly. And it also asked for the other two orders to join them in the revolutionary move.
Tennis%20court%20oath The Tennis Court Oath It was when the third estate got locked out of its meeting room as arrangments were being made for a royal meeting of all three estates on June 22. Confused and mad the representatives met instead at an indoor tennis court on the palace ground and signed the oath not to break up until they had drawn up the structures of France. The Tennis Court Oath indicates the start of the French peoples denial of responsibility to bow to the certain control of the king.
The%20first%20seond%20and%20third%20estate The First and Second Estate join the third estate in the National Assembly When the supposed National Assembly denied to hold off, Louis demanded the first and second estate to join the Natioal Assembly with the third estate. They started working on a constitution.
Parisians%20strom%20bastille Parisians Storm the Bastille When Paris erupted, the crowd decided to arm its self, first attacked the enclosed fortress from which they received 30000 guns. Then they moved on to Bastille, which is and old fortress prison which had long been looked as a symbol of the king's certain power. The angry crowd strongly asked for arms and freedom for the packs of prisoners that were assumed to be within its walls and attacked the small headquaters of soldiers. Louis XVI answered to the fall of Bastille by recalling Necker.
Declaration The Decleration of the Rights of Man Was a document that declared the political and social equality of all men, domination of the people, and the normal right to liberty, property, security, and fighting to oppostion. Taxes could from now on only be lifted by the agreement of the the people and the public servants were held responsible for their actions. A lot of copies were printed and extensivley spread throughout France and even ultimately to all of Europe. It evolved into the fundamental philosophy of the Revolution.
King%20louis%20xvi%20executed King Louis XVI is executed King Louis XVI was sent to the guillotine by the French goverment. The queen also was executed few months after. The reason for the execution of Louis was so the Nationalism could be continued. Louis had to be executed for it to continue is because he was against it and he thought that he should be the only one making the rules and what people are allowed to do.
The%20committee%20of%20public%20safety The Committee of Public Safety is established This was, in result, a twelve-member administrative with wide-ranging powers. It became a revolutionary body, ruling both the household and the foreign policy of France. one of there main goal is to selectivley remove the counter-revolutionaries.
The%20directory The Directory is established The Directory was a composed of a two house legislature which was made up of the Council of Five Hundred and the Council of Elders. The Legislation would be presented by the Council of Five Hundred and then accepted or unaccepted by the Council of Elders who numbered 250 members. The election would be ever spring in each year. Executive power would be authorized in five Directors picked by the Elders from the list which the Council of Five Hundred endured.The Directory was to last four years.
Napoleon Napoleon leads a successful Coup and becomes leader of France It started when Abbe Sieyes and Rogers Ducos wanted to destroy the Directory. For it to happen they needed the support of the military and picked General Napoleon Bonaparte. The coup d'etat took place on November the 9th apart from bloodshed. Sieyes and Ducos didnt realize Napoleon's desire to have control of the goverment.
Concordat%20with%20pope%20pius Concordat With Pope Pius The concordat was a agreement signed between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII. It was outlined particularly to fix the gap between the constitutional priests and non-juring priests. It also indicated that the Church identified the Republic as the goverment of France.
The%20treaty%20of%20amiens Treaty of Amiens It was a treaty that was signed that provided suspension in activity from hostilities between the French Republic and the United Kingdom during the French Revolutionary wars.
Louisianapurchase Louisiana Purchase By treaty signed by United States of the purchase from France for the Louisiana Territory.
Napoleon%20declared%20emperor Napoleon declared Emperor For being Emperor Napoleon kept poking at French Senate into adopting a suggestion officially that it was in the most interest of the French people to give authority to the goverment of the Republic to an inherited Emperor
Berlin%20decree%20establishes%20the%20continential%20system Berlin Decree establishes the Continential System The Decree strongly requsted closure of all European ports to British trade. Napoleon called it the Continential System, its intention was to rise the export trade of France and to bring to a standstill export trade of Britian.
Berlin%20decree%20establishes%20the%20continential%20system Russia Withdraws from the continental system It was the most intense revolt against the system when Russia refused to continue participation. Napoleon didn't have the material to control the whole port system of Europe. Without the mutual effort of all European countries, the system couldn't be damaged. Amazingly, Napoleon violated his own trade limit by ordering leather and cloth from England for his army's uniforms.
Grande%20armee%20invades%20russia%20and%20then%20forced%20to%20retreat Grande Armee invades Russia and then forced to retreat Was when the Russians under the order of General Kutuzov held there ground and fought. In eleven hour length of war there were 77,000 soliders dead. The Russians had lost 47,000 mens, but both claimed victory. In moscow the city was almost fully destroyed when the Russians retreat.
Battle%20of%20nations Battle of Nations The combined power defeated Napoleon at Leipzig in the Battle of the Nations. After the battle the Napoleonic Empire collapsed. The Confederation of the Rhine fell apart as Napoleon's previous allies turned against him.
Napoleon%20abdicates Napoleon Abdicates on April the 6th Napoleon was abdicated thanks to his son. The allies, however strongly asked for absolute resignation and Napoleon abdicated again, unconditionally on april 11th, and also on April 6th Napoleon abdicated as Emperor.
Napoleon%20abdicates Exiled to Elba Followed by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, Napoleon got exiled to Elba after his forced abdication. In his exile he was allowed to keep a personal gaurd of six hundred men. The island was watched by British naval partrols.
Congress%20of%20vienna Congress of Vienna It was which included all eststaes of Europe, made clearly that Napoleon is an enemy and distruber of the stillness of the world. It was not known if he determined to keep the peace.
Napoleon%20escapes%20from%20elba Napoleon Escaped from Elba Napoleon when he was isolated by all the soldiers in Elba managed to sneak past them, and slip past the blockings of the British ships, he returned to France. When he arrived in France the French polices were sent to arrest him but at the sight of Napoleon returned they all kneeled before him.
Battle%20of%20waterloo Battle of Waterloo Was a fight between the French Empire and the Seventh Coalition and a Prussian Army. The learders of the French Empire was Michael Ney and Napoleon Bonaparte. The commander of the Seven Coalition and a Prussians Army was Gebhard Von Blucher. In the fight the French Empire lost Napoleon left the field with two battlions of guards in caption of the British.
Napoleon%20exiled%20to%20saint%20helena Napoleon is exiled to St. Helena This time the Europeans strength were not going take a chance of Napoleon coming back so they exiled him to St. Helena. Where Napoleon died because of stomach cancer in 1821.