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The Evolution of Conservatism

Timeline created by mastroianni
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Liberty league small square The American Liberty League is founded The American Liberty League was founded to defend conservative values of private property and individual enterprise.
Yeah small square Roosevelt’s attempt to “pack” the Supreme Court causes conservative backlash in Congress. In 1937, an attempt by Roosevelt to “pack” the Supreme Court by adding new justices caused a backlash. Conservatives in both major political parties formed a coalition that opposed further New Deal legislation. Nevertheless, Republicans struggled to overcome Roosevelt's enduring popularity as President. Led by Roosevelt and later by Harry S Truman, the Democrats kept control of the White House for twenty years.
Dwight d eisenhower 52022520 small square Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected as a moderate Republican. The election of Dwight D. Eisenhower as President in 1952 began eight years of Republican rule. Eisenhower called his approach to government “modern Republicanism.” He accepted the basic outlines of the New Deal and never attempted to dismantle the federal bureaucracy. The federal bureaucracy even expanded, as it did in 1953 with the creation of a Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, headed by Oveta Culp Hobby.
Barry goldwater portrait small square Barry Goldwater runs on a conservative platform and loses to LBJ in a landslide. In 1964, the Republican candidate for President, Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, ran on a staunchly conservative platform. Facing Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson, Goldwater opposed government activism, including social security, federal civil rights laws and antipoverty programs. He also demanded a military buildup against a possible Soviet attack.
Roe small square The Supreme Court angers social conservatives with its decision to legalize abortion in Roe v. Wade. The sexual revolution was another source of conservative concern. The use of the new birth control pill encouraged promiscuity, critics said. Also, after the 1973 Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade legalized abortion, anti-abortion forces launched a campaign to overturn that decision. The movement for gay and lesbian rights further angered many conservative Americans.
Republicans small square Conservative Republicans sweep the historic 1980 election. Some critics called affirmative action programs “reverse discrimination.” This issue attracted some Democratic blue-collar workers to the Republican ranks, where they would help elect Ronald Reagan to the presidency. The Reagan Democrats, as they were known, would many elections in the 1980's.
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