St. Teresa of Ávila

Timeline created by AndrewBoustani
  • Mar 28th, 1515

    St. Teresa is born in Avila

    St. Teresa is born in Avila
    St. Teresa was born in Avila, to a family of 10 siblings and two loving, noble parents. She was baptised as Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada.
  • Mar 28th, 1515

    Family welcomes an angel

    Family welcomes an angel
    St. Teresa was born to a welcoming, religious and pious family. Her father Alonso Sánchez de Cepeda, was a new comer to the religion becuase of his father's own conversion from Judaism to Catholicism. Her mother, Beatriz, was specially keen to welcome a new girl child to raise a noble Christian.
  • Jan 1st, 1528

    St. Teresa's mother dies

    St. Teresa's mother dies
    The love of St. Teresa's heart, her mother, dies and her departure impacts profoundly on Teresa's emotions, future and health.
  • Jan 1st, 1531

    Enters Augustinian Convent for education

    Enters Augustinian Convent for education
    Because of the death of her mother as a young child, Teresa's father sends her to the Augustinisn convent to be influenced by the convent works. Here she realises her vocation in life. She is influenced by her father, and uncle which gave her the Letters of Saint Jerome, which she adored. However, she leaves after 8 months, ending her youth-education.
  • Nov 2nd, 1536

    Enters Carmelite Convent

    Enters Carmelite Convent
    After her experiences in the Augustinian Convent, Teresa once again enrolls in the Carmelite Convent of the Incarnation. She feels a special attachment to being a bride of Christ. And for the next twenty years experiences periods of semi-conversion to Jesus
  • Nov 3rd, 1537

    Becomes Professor

    Becomes Professor
    At the Convent of the Incarnation, a year after her entry, she becomes an educational professer. She bases herself on the education of the young and old all for the Glory of God.
  • Jan 1st, 1538

    Teresa's health stikes back

    Teresa's health stikes back
    Teresa's health starts to decay. She goes to stay with her half-sister in a another village from the Convent. On the journey, she rests at her uncle's home at Hortigosa. While she is there, he gives her a copy of Osuna's Third Spiritual Alphabet.
  • Apr 1st, 1539

    Teresa undergoes treatment

    Teresa undergoes treatment
    For the first time in her life, Teresa undergoes serious treatment for her sicknesses. She leaves the Convent, temporarily, to get medical help. In her autobiography, "The Life of Teresa of Jesus", she explains it as an excruciating experience without the convent in sight.
  • Aug 15th, 1539

    Teresa is diagnosed with catalepsy

    Teresa is diagnosed with catalepsy
    Right after months of treatment, Teresa experiences a rare disease of catalepsy. This left her feeling helpless and prone to moments of seizure, forgetfulness and shear loneliness. However, she always felt that Jesus was using her eyes, her hands and feet to do his work.
  • Apr 1st, 1540

    Teresa returns to Incarnation

    Teresa returns to Incarnation
    She returns to the Convent of the Incarnation. However still in the last stages of treatment, while still experiencing the effects of paralysis. Her faith, as recalled in her autobiography, is strong and still recovering.
  • Jun 1st, 1542

    Effects of paralysis end

    Effects of paralysis end
    Relates to "Teresa returnes to Incarnation".
  • Dec 24th, 1543

    Teresa's father dies

    Teresa's father dies
    At an old age, Teresa’s loving father passes. This affects Teresa, however not to the extant of her mother’s passing.
  • Jan 1st, 1553

    Teresa experiences her second conversion

    Teresa experiences her second conversion
    Teresa experiences something better like she had ever experienced before. While reading the "Confessions of St. Augustine", she receives an epiphany.
  • Jan 1st, 1554

    Paralysis leaves Teresa's body

    Paralysis leaves Teresa's body
    Relates to "Teresa returns to Incarnation".
  • Jan 1st, 1556

    Teresa has her final 'conversion'

    Teresa has her final 'conversion'
    Teresa’s supernatural nature starts to impact her life. She starts hearing interior voices and also starts seeing visions. These moments in her life come to be her personal.
  • Jun 29th, 1558

    Teresa feels Jesus

    Teresa feels Jesus
    Teresa is at her climax, and she now knows it. She experiences her first rapture and a vision of Christ. She also realises that her life belongs totally to our Lord.
  • Jan 1st, 1562

    Founds St. Joseph's in Avila

    Founds St. Joseph's in Avila
    Fianlly, in 1562 she reforms the Carmelite Convent in Avila and renames it St. Joseph's. When in the convent, she constructs her own constitutions for the convent, all under the primitive rule of St. Albert. She stays at the convent up until 1567.
  • Jan 1st, 1565

    The "Life" conludes and "Perfection" begins

    The
    Teresa places her auto-biography for a final editing and printing. On the other hand, she starts work on "The Way of Perfection" another book that she is renowed for.
  • Jan 1st, 1567

    Teresa get authorisation

    Teresa get authorisation
    Teresa gets complete authority from the Carmelite General, to build other convents with her own constitutions from St. Joseph's convent. While not attacking the Reformation physically, she was reforming the Church institutions to counter the Reformations.
  • Jan 1st, 1568

    Discalced Carmelite order comes to man

    Discalced Carmelite order comes to man
    The new order of nuns, reaches many including another prominent counter-reforming Catholic saint, St. John of the Cross. So much he is inspired that organises, with Teresa and Fr. Antonio of Jesus, the Discalced Carmelite Friars in Duruelo, Spain.
  • Jan 1st, 1573

    Began to write the "Foundations"

    Began to write the
    The "Foundations" were written by Teresa as a sort-of sequel to her autobiography, "The Life of Teresa of Jesus". She further explains her extra-order-nary life and her conversions.
  • Jan 1st, 1577

    "The Interior Castle" is finished

    Teresa finally finshes "The Interior Castle" and is later and till now, praised for great example of Christian, mystic and historical literature.
  • Jan 1st, 1580

    Teresa revises "The Interior Castle"

    Teresa revises
    Relates to '"The Interior Castle" is finshed'.
  • Jan 1st, 1580

    The Carmelite Orders are split

    The Carmelite Orders are split
    The Holy See recognise the differences of the two Carmelite Orders and officially seperate the orders.
  • Jan 1st, 1582

    Finshes the "Foundations"

    Finshes the
    Relates to 'Began to write the "Foundations"'
  • Oct 4th, 1582

    Death of St. Teresa

    Death of St. Teresa
    "My Lord, it is time to move on. Well then, may your will be done. O my Lord, my spouse, the hour that I have longed for has come. It is time to meet each other." What beautiful words, from a beautiful saint. Teresa dies, 3 days after she arrived in Alba de Tormes.
  • Teresa of Avila is beatified

    Teresa of Avila is beatified
    32 years after Teresa's passing, she finally recognised to become a saint, by the Catholic Church and Pope Paul V. The Spanish Government also announces her to be the Patroness of Spain. But she knew that!
  • Blessed Teresa of Avila is Canonized

    Blessed Teresa of Avila is Canonized
    Exactly 40 years after her death, Pope Gregory XV announces Blessed Teresa to become St. Teresa of Avila. She becomes the saint of headaches, Spain, loss of parents (orphans) and people in need of grace.
  • The "Ecstasy of Saint Teresa"

    The
    A famous Baroque sculptor, Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, produces an impeccable work of art, expressing St. Teresa's encounter, "I saw in his hand a long spear of gold, and at the iron's point there seemed to be a little fire. He appeared to me to be thrusting it at times into my heart, and to pierce my very entrails; when he drew it out, he seemed to draw them out also, and to leave me all on fire with a great love of God." extracted from "The Life of Teresa of Jesus".
  • St. Teresa gets a special title

    St. Teresa gets a special title
    By Pope Paul VI, St Teresa is named the first female Doctor of the Church, one of the highest honours in the Church. She brings supreme honour to Spain and opens new doors for female doctors of the Church, such as St. Catherine and St. Therese.
  • St. Teresa, Doctor of the Church

    St. Teresa, Doctor of the Church
    Still till today, changing the lives of many, through her impeccable works.
  • Period:
    Mar 28th, 1515
    to
    Oct 4th, 1582

    St. Teresa of Ávila's Life

    The autobiography of the impeccable St. Teresa of Ávila and her immense impact on the Reformation of the Church
  • Period:
    Mar 28th, 1515
    to
    Oct 4th, 1582

    Controversies of St. Teresa

    In the life of St. Teresa (not her book) she experienced many false accusations relating to her works and her thoughts. Papal Nuncio considered her to be restless, stubborn, ignorant and disobedient. The Spanish Inquistition even investigated her books and writings, 6-fold, and they concluded that she was a raging heretic.
  • Period:
    Nov 2nd, 1535
    to
    Jan 1st, 1562

    The Reformation from within

    When Teresa enrolled in the Carmelite Nuns, she noticed something radical about the convent. She found that it was necessary to change the convent, before she tried to change Spain. During this time, Teresa formed the Discalced Carmelite Nuns. The Holy See, completely seperated the ordinary Carmelite Nuns from the Discalced Carmelite Nuns. With new constitutions, thoughts and writings, the Discalced Carmelite nuns speard throughout Europe and the entire world, countering, the Reformation.
  • Period:
    Jan 1st, 1553
    to

    The Doctor of the Church

    In this timespan, Teresa spent her time in prayer and reading the scriptures, while deepening her interior life. She also became very involved with the Protestant Reformation. Also during this period she finished books such as: The Life of Teresa of Jesus, The Interior Castle and the Way of Perfertion.
  • Period:
    Jan 1st, 1562
    to
    Jan 1st, 1582

    Carmelite 'virus' spreads

    Throughout the 20-year period, the Carmelite nuns and friars would not rest. Absolutely, destroying the grwoth of Protestantism in Spain and the outskirts, aswell. The Discalced Carmelites organise the opening of several new convents throughtout Europe.
  • Period:
    Jan 1st, 1580
    to
    Jan 1st, 1582

    The final years

    While Teresa is 65 years young, she initiates 17 foundations of the Discalced Carmelites, her last being in Burgos, Spain. She continues her pilgrimage to Alba de Tormes, while being very ill.
  • Period: to

    St. Teresa's Afterlife

    The great Teresa, even when she has passed, still influencing others, through her sainthood, art expressed by her and literature written by her.