Russian Revolution

Timeline created by ShawnKelly572
  • Czar Alexander II is assassinated by the terrorist group ‘People’s Will’

    Czar Alexander II is assassinated by the terrorist group ‘People’s Will’
    Czar Alexander II is killed in the streets of St. Petersburg by a bomb thrown by a member of the revolutionary “People’s Will” group. The People’s Will, employed terrorism and assassination in their attempt to overthrow Russia’s czarist autocracy. They murdered officials and made several attempts on the czar’s life before finally assassinating him on March 13, 1881.
  • Nicholas II crowned czar of Russia

    Nicholas II crowned czar of Russia
    The last coronation service in Russia was held on 26 May 1896 for Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna, who would be the final Tsar and Tsaritsa of Russia. Pretty much what happened was he got made the ruler of Russia. He was emperor from 1896 to 1917.
  • Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg begins the 1905 Russian Revolution

    Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg begins the 1905 Russian Revolution
    In Russia, the revolution of 1905 begins when czarist troops open fire on a peaceful group of workers marching to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to petition their grievances to Czar Nicholas II. Some 500 protesters were massacred on “Bloody Sunday,” setting off months of protest and disorder throughout
  • World War I begins

    World War I begins
    July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia. August 1, 1914, Germany declares war on Russia. August 2, 1914, Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Germany sign a secret treaty of alliance. September 12, 1914, First battle of the Aisne in France, begins, marking the beginning of trench warfare.
  • The February Revolution begins with strikes, demonstrations, and mutinies in Petrograd

    The February Revolution begins with strikes, demonstrations, and mutinies in Petrograd
    In Russia, the February Revolution known as such because of Russia's use of the Julian calendar begins on this day in 1917, when riots and strikes over the scarcity of food erupt in Petrograd, now St. Petersburg. By 1917, most Russians had lost faith in the leadership ability of the czarist regime.
  • Czar Nicholas II abdicates (gives up power)

    Czar Nicholas II abdicates (gives up power)
    Nicholas approved the Russian mobilisation on 30 July 1914, which led to Germany declaring war on Russia on 1 August 1914. Following the February Revolution of 1917, Nicholas abdicated on behalf of himself and his son. Nicholas and his family were imprisoned and transferred to Tobolsk in late summer 1918.
  • Lenin returns from exile and arrives in Petrograd via a sealed train

    Lenin returns from exile and arrives in Petrograd via a sealed train
    On April 16, 1917, Vladimir Lenin, leader of the revolutionary Bolshevik Party, returns to Petrograd after a decade of exile to take the reins of the Russian Revolution.
  • Bolshevik uprising fails in Petrograd

    Bolshevik uprising fails in Petrograd
    Following the failure of the offensive in June, the Bolsheviks made an attempt to seize power in Petrograd in July. Only small numbers of soldiers and sailors actively supported the Bolsheviks and the uprising was suppressed by loyal troops. A number of Bolshevik leaders were arrested and Lenin fled to Finland.
  • The October Revolution - the Bolsheviks take over Petrograd

    The October Revolution - the Bolsheviks take over Petrograd
    The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, who used their influence in the Petrograd Soviet to organize the armed forces. Bolshevik Red Guards forces under the Military Revolutionary Committee began the occupation of government buildings on 7 November 1917.
  • Russian civil war begins

    Russian civil war begins
    The Russian Civil War was to tear Russia apart for three years between 1918 and 1921. The civil war occurred because after November 1917, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin's Bolsheviks. These groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations. Collectively, they were known as the Whites while the Bolsheviks were known as the Reds.
  • Russia withdraws from World War I

    Russia withdraws from World War I
    Russia signalled withdrawal from World War One soon after the October Revolution of 1917, and the country turned in on itself with a bloody civil war between the Bolsheviks and the conservative White Guard. Lenin wanted to concentrate on building up a communist state and wanted to pull Russia out of the war. He accomplished this by agreeing to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany on March 3, 1918.
  • The capital of Russia is changed from St. Petersburg to Moscow

    The capital of Russia is changed from St. Petersburg to Moscow
    It remained Russia's capital city until 1918, when by Lenin's decree Moscow was restored to its ancient primacy. ... It was during this period, in 1918, that Lenin moved the capital back to Moscow. Not surprisingly, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad after Lenin died. St. Petersburg resumed its original name in 1992.
  • The Bolshevik Party changes its name to the Communist Party

    The Bolshevik Party changes its name to the Communist Party
    The 7th Congress of the RSDLP (Russian Social Democratic Labor Party), also known as the Extraordinary 7th Congress of the RCP(b) (Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)), was held between 6–8 March 1918. During this congress the Bolsheviks changed the name of the party to include the word Communist.
  • Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed

    Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed
    The Russian Imperial Romanov family (Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Tsarina Alexandra and their five children Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei) and all those who chose to accompany them into imprisonment notably Eugene Botkin, Anna Demidova, Alexei Trupp and Ivan Kharitonov were shot, bayoneted and clubbed.
  • Russian Civil War Ends

    Russian Civil War Ends
    The Russian Civil War was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future. The Red Army defeated the White Armed Forces of South Russia in Ukraine and the army led by Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak in Siberia in 1919. The remains of the White forces commanded by Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel were beaten in Crimea and evacuated in late 1920.
  • Lenin suffers second stroke

    Lenin suffers second stroke
    On December 15 1922, Vladimir Lenin got his second stroke. He had a total of four strokes and on the fourth one he died. He had a type of disease called Intracerebral hemorrhage.
  • The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) established

    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) established
    On December 29, 1922 a conference of plenipotentiary delegations from the Russian SFSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR and the Byelorussian SSR approved the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR, forming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  • Lenin dies

    Lenin dies
    On 30 August 1918, Vladimir Lenin survived an assassination attempt. Lenin survived but was weakened by his injuries which, less than six years later, contributed to his early death. He suffered his first stroke in May 1922 which deprived him of speech and impeded his movement. Vladimir Lenin died on 21 January 1924.