Red Canada's History

Timeline created by SLS602
  • 1,000 BCE

    Vikings Enter Canada

    Vikings Enter Canada
    The Vikings landed in Canada around the year 1000 A.D. They were the most fierce fighters in their time, and they raided cities killing everyone and everything that tried to stop them. They are known for their fighting, weapons, ans tools. The most common Viking tool remembered are their boats. Vikings were ruthless but also very cultural.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Christopher Columbus reaches the new world on the morning of October 12, 1492. His three ships were called the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Nina. Most people may think that Columbus landed in the states, but he landed in the Bahamas. In the new land, the natives were friendly. They told him about a gold mine, and they found land and timber. Columbus selected 39 of his crew members to stay in the land and mine for gold.
  • Jan 1, 1534

    John Cabot and other explorers

    John Cabot and other explorers
    There were many people that claimed land that is know today as Canada. John Cabot was one of the first. He was trying to find the North West Passage. But he only found the coastline.Jacques Cartier had three voyages and claimed tons of land for France. Henry Hudson had four voyages. He was for many countries. On his fourth, his crew turned on him and sent him on a raft with all the othr people that still believed in him.
  • Quebec act

    Quebec act
    It occurred on June 22, 1774, by the British parliament to try to make the French part of Canada under British rule, but also to have freedoms. The Quebec act gave the French language and religion. The British and French signed a treaty in Paris in 1763 after the french and Indian War, that gave Britain all of the control over Canada. Britain fixed it by the Quebec Act, which gave lower Canada many rights. King George lll tried to compromise and still have control over Canada.
  • Upper And Lower Canada Are Established

    Upper And Lower Canada Are Established
    After the American Revolution, more Loyalists moved to Canada. A lot of them did not want to live in French Culture. To avoid problems, Great Britain divide the land into Upper and Lower Canada. The Constitutional Act of 1791 officially divided the former province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada.
    The names “upper” and “lower” came from there place on the St.Lawrence River. Both of the Canadas had their own Legislative Assembly and Council, and an Executive Council.
  • 49th Parallel

    49th Parallel
    The 49th parallel is a parallel line along the U.S and Canada. The British and U.S agreed on this act and it is part of the Treaty of Oregon. James Monroe, the president at the time (the 5th), negotiated on this to stop dispute between the countries. The Treaty of Oregon is an agreement that separates the U.S and Canada. This is west of the Rocky Mountains.
  • Canada Becomes a Federation

    Canada Becomes a Federation
    The act of canada becoming a federation was when the british colonies were united in one domain of canada. This took place on July 1 1867. They did not do this through war but they asked britain for independence. Canada slowly gained full independence.
  • Quiet Revolution

    Quiet Revolution
    The Quiet Revolution took place in Quebec from 1950-1960. In this time Duplessis was in charge of Quebec. He was a terrible ruler because his government (Union National) was awful. Therefore Quebec was struggling lots. When Duplessis died the government started to improve. They changed it by letting government take control of things like hydroelectricity. After this the people of Quebec instead of calling each other Canadians they called each other Qubecois (Qebecers).
  • The Separatist Movement

    The Separatist Movement
    The Separatist Movement began to grow during the Quiet Revolution.The Separatists Movement is when Quebec tried to break away from Canada. Separatists are people who wanted Quebec to break away from Canada and become an independent country. Quebecers had protests to support the split Canada. The separatists didn’t succeed in making Quebec an independent country.
  • NAFTA Formed

    NAFTA Formed
    NAFTA was signed in 1992. The North American Free Trade Agreement took off most taxes in North America. The founders hoped to increase trade in North America. People thought this would lead to jobs and other countries participating. However, other countries didn’t agree. Soon, Mexico’s imports and exports increased rapidly, but the U.S. went downhill. Later on the CAFTA was formed, and now a few other countries participate.
  • Nunavut Founded

    Nunavut Founded
    “Nunavut was founded in 1999 in the eastern portion of the Northwest territories” .Nunavut is as large as California and Alaska combined. Inuits live in over ⅘ of Nunavut. Indians have lived in the region for over 4,000 years. “ The Inuit Tapirisat were the inuit group which the Canadian Government negotiated with and an agreement.” “The final agreement was reached in September in 1992.” In April of 1999 Nunavut became its own territory.
  • Canada becomes a dominion

    Canada becomes a dominion
    Canada becomes a dominion, witch is a self governing area in 1869. At this point Canada was still owned by Great Britain. Later on Canada got its own government. They soon started to solve their own problems. Canada is now a very successful country,
  • Period:
    Feb 1, 1492

    Indigenous Living in Reserves

    Indigenous people were the people native to the North America.They used to have the whole place to themselves until 1763 when columbus came along. They were forced to live in reserves. Reserves were land set aside for the Indians. Many were natives were killed when refusing to be forced off their land.
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    The French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War started in 1754, and it ended in 1763. It is also known as the Seven Year War. French and Indians fought behind rocks and trees while the British fought in the open with no protection what so ever. George Washington was fighting against the French and Indians at that time before the American Revolution. They fought over who would get Louisiana because of the fur trade. The French and the Indians were allies against the British, and not the French against the Indians.
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    Canada Under British Rule

    After the French and Indian War, France surrendered Quebec after the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. In 1774, the Quebec Act was passed to try and keep Canadians happy. After rebellions, Britain sent the 1st Earl of Durham to investigate. The Canadians wanted to be united, so in 1841, Britain passed the Union Act which united Upper and Lower Canada. After sending representatives from each province to reason with the British in 1864, Britain gave them their independence on July 1, 1869.
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    Industrial Revolution

    Many new machines were invented to help farmers harvest things like cotton and other things that slaves were used for. Farmers moved to cities and kids had to work in factories where it was very dangerous. They were also payed very little. It went on for about 50 years. The Industrial Revolution was one of the biggest technological advancements ever.
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    Canadian Pacific Railway

    It was started on February 16, 1881, and was completed November 7, 1885. The railway helped transport 260,000 soldiers to different locations around the country. It cost 25 million dollars to make the railway. It was built by John A. Macdonald. The railway would cover 2,000 miles long.
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    $$ The Great Canadian Gold Rush $$

    In 1876, people were starting to find gold that had been transported from rivers and streams in places like Bonanza Creek. This made people curious, so more people came to search. This lead to the Great Canadian Gold Rush or Klondike Gold Rush from 1896-1899. More than 10000 people came to Canada and Alaska with their metal pans to search for gold. Most of the gold was found in the Yukon River and a tributary named Klondike. The gold rush ended in August 1999