Population and settlement

Timeline created by Markella Drizos
  • 30,000 BCE

    Asian migrations across the Bering Strait land bridge

    Asian migrations across the Bering Strait land bridge
    The theory of how the nomads came to North America is by crossing the Bering Strait land bridge during the first ice age.
  • Foundation of Quebec by Samuel de Champlain

    Foundation of Quebec by Samuel de Champlain
    Samuel de Champlain founded Québec to facilitate fur trade with the Amerindians.
  • The One-Hundred Associates

    The One-Hundred Associates
    This Company was founded by Cardinal Richelieu. France granted the Company a privilege and in return they had certain obligations.
  • Foundation of Trois-Rivières by Laviolette

    Foundation of Trois-Rivières by Laviolette
    Trois-Rivières was founded for the same commercial reasons Québec was founded. It was founded by Laviolette
  • Foundation of Ville-Marie by Chomedey de Maisonneuve

    Foundation of Ville-Marie by Chomedey de Maisonneuve
    Ville-Marie was founded by Chomedey de Maisonneuve. Jeanne Mance created the first hospital and the first school in this area.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proclamation is the first constitution of the Province of Québec after Great Britain took over it.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This treaty ended the Seven Years War between France and Great Britain.
  • The Québec Act

    The Québec Act
    The Québec Act is the second constitution which makes the French Canadians happier.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles reduced the size of the Province of Québec to the south of the Great Lakes
  • The Constitutional Act

    The Constitutional Act
    This third constitution was created after the arrival of the loyalists fro the 13 colonies.
  • Founding of Canada

    Founding of Canada
    The four founding provinces are Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
  • Economic crisis

    Economic crisis
    This economic crisis disrupted population growth in the Dominion. John A, MacDonald introduced his National Policy to resolve this conflict.
  • Period:
    1534
    to
    1541

    The exploration of the St-Lawrence River and the Gulf by Jacques Cartier

    Starting in 1534, Jacques Cartier explored the St-Lawrence River and the Gulf. While travelling he didn't expect to find what he did.
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    The French Regime

    In 1608, France took over the land and created the first permanent colony.
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    Immigration and birth policies under Jean Talon

    To increase the population, Jean Talon encouraged immigration of 4 types of immigrants.
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    Seven Years War

    The Seven Years War occured in Europe between the French and the English. But, the colonies took part in it in North America.
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    The British Regime

    After the Seven Years War, New France became a british colony.
  • Period: to

    British military rule

    Waiting for the Seven Years War to finish in Europe, Great Britain too over New France's territory.
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    Napoleon's continental blockade

    The goal of this blockade was to deprive Britain of trade relations with Europe.
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    The Rebellions in Lower Canada

    These rebellions occurred because of the economic and agricultural crises.
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    Contemporary Period

    The Contemporary Period started off with the creation of Canada by the four following provinces : Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
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    Confederation and immigration policies

    The population was concentrated near the American border so these policies encouraged people to migrate to the West.
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    Emigration to the United States

    There were 5 factors that prompted Canadians to emigrate to the United States.
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    After Canada's entry to the First World War, immigration in Canada started to decline.
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    World War 2

    After World War 2, there was a population increase thanks to the baby boom.