Period 6 AOC through Federalist Era Timeline

Timeline created by jeffrey.fowler
  • Articles of Confederation: Powers given to National Government

    Articles of Confederation: Powers given to National Government
    The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution or government agreement among the 13 colonies. The Articles of Confederation gave the National Government the power to settle conflicts among the states, issue coins, borrow money, and make treaties with other countries and Native Americans.
  • Powers Not Given To The National Government Through The Articles Of Confederation

    Powers Not Given To The National Government Through The Articles Of Confederation
    4 Powers/positions not given to the national government through the AOC include not having a president, not able to force states to pay taxes, there was no judicial branch and there was no president or executive branch.
  • Articles of Confederation: States Powers

    Under the Articles of Confederation, states had the power to tax its citizens, create money, and draft soldiers. Congress could ask for soldiers/money but states had the power to deny them
  • Conspiracy against Congress

    Conspiracy against Congress
    the conspiracy against Congress was a conspiracy involving many soldiers and a rumor that spread around and almost caused a revolt. The soldiers were angry because Congress failed to pay them. But thankfully Washington a stop to it by telling the people to calm down and calming their frustration.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This treaty ended the American Revolution and recognized American Independence. In this treaty, Great Britain agreed to the US's new borders. They also acknowledged the US's right to trade and settle outside of its border.
  • Ordinance of 1785

    Ordinance of 1785
    When Congress claimed the western lands they had to do decide what to do with it and how to raise money for debts, this lead to the Ordinance of 1785 which was a law passed by Congress that created a system that would divide and survey the Western Lands into mile square sections, some lots were reserved for townships, schooling, and veterans, the lots left over were bought by the public.
  • Shays's Rebellion

    Shays's Rebellion
    The Congress couldn't pay the Revolutionary War Veterans their salary from fighting in the war. Many veterans couldn't pay their debt so their land was taken from them. A group in Massachusetts became angry over this and participated in violent rebellion. This lasted several months and the national government was powerless to stop it. Fearful that this could spread, influential men, like Alexander Hamilton called for a Constitutional Convention to change the Articles of Confederation.
  • The Virginia Plan

    The Virginia Plan
    Legislative Branch had 2 houses of representatives which were based off of population in the states.They wanted a strong executive.They gave more power too the national government
  • New Jersey Plan

    This plan was proposed to the Constitutional Convention by delegates from New Jersey. It called for a strong executive and powers given to the federal government, such as the power to tax. It also called for a one house legislature that would give each state the same number of representatives.
  • 3/5 Compromise

    Northerners at the Constitutional Convention felt that slavery should be outlawed. Southerners relied on slavery to help their economy. They wanted their slave population to count toward their population to determine their representatives in the House of Representatives and taxation. To compromise, it was agreed that only 3/5 of a state's slave population would be added to it's population to determine representation and taxation.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    The northwest ordinance created a system for bringing new states into the union. It settled the future of the northwest territory. Congress had to decide what to do with the western lands, and how to raise money to pay debts, because they were now under its control. The last condition banned slavery in the territory and set the standard for future territories, even though they knew that it would continue to be an issue.
  • Great Compromise

    Great Compromise
    The delegates in the Constitutional Convention argued if they should use the Virginia plan or the New Jersey plan.The Virginia plan favored bigger states because they would get more representatives, the New Jersey plan gave each state and equal amount. A delegate from Connecticut, Roger Sherman, had proposed a two-house legislature, that would consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives. The idea of a 2 house legislature is known as the Great Compromise.
  • Slave Trade Compromise

    Slave Trade Compromise
    Northerners’ thought slave trade was wrong and wanted to put a stop to it. Southerners felt that their economy needed the slave trade.
    Details: Delegates from South Carolina and Georgia established that congress couldn’t ban slave trade until 1808.
  • Antifederalists

    Antifederalists
    Antifederalists believed that the central government was too powerful. They also thought the Constitutional Convention shouldn’t have made a government. Also, a main issue was there wasn’t a section that included individual's rights.
  • Federalists

    Federalists believed that the Constitution was needed to help the nation's problems. They felt that it should be ratified. Famous Federalists were Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, James Madison, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin
  • Bill of rights debate

    Supporters’ Viewpoint: They wanted protection,because the principles of checks and balances and separation of powers didn’t provide enough protection
    Convention Decision: they defeated the motion without debate
    Reasoning behind decision: They thought that the bill of rights would be unnecessary
  • Ratifying the Constitution

    Ratifying the Constitution
    The first state to ratify the constitution was Delaware.The constitution needed a total of 9 states to ratify the constitution. But the two main states that were the most needed were Virginia and New York, because they were very large states at the time.
  • Washington's first Cabinet

    Washington's first Cabinet
    Washington carefully chose his cabinet members. these members were Henry Knox as secretary of war, Thomas Jefferson as secretary of State, Edmund Randolph who was the attorney general, Alexander Hamilton which was the secretary of treasury and George Washington who was the President. These members informed him on political matters and debated on issues.
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

    Judiciary Act of 1789
    The Judiciary Act of 1789 was an act created to establish the three levels of federal courts and defines the powers and relationships to state courts. It set up the federal district courts, circuit courts of appeal, and explained the powers that the courts in the judicial branch possessed. When assigning a judge to their position, the president would have to nominate a candidate.The senate would then have to approve or reject the candidate.
  • Hamilton's Financial Plan

    Hamilton's Financial Plan
    Hamilton had a plan with 3 steps. The steps were to pay all debts, pass a tariff for revenue, and create a national bank and mint. Thomas Jefferson disagreed as he thought the system cheated the bondholders who sold their bonds at low prices. States such as North Carolina and Virginia were against it because they didn’t want to have to pay other states debts. The compromise was for Hamilton to convince the North to move the capital. Once they moved the capital the south agreed to the plan.
  • Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans

    Federalists believed that the Constitution gave the federal government implied powers that they could use to accomplish their named powers. Democratic-Republics believed that the federal government was limited to what the Constitution specifically named it could do. Federalists believed that well-educated people were better equipped to run the government while Democratic-Republics believed that government should be run by normal citizens.
  • National Bank and tariffs

    National Bank and tariffs
    Hamilton wanted to establish a national bank, where the government would be able to safely deposit money into it. He also had the idea to create a national mint, which is a place to make coins, so the U.S could have their own currency. Many agreed with the idea because it would allow the government to make loans to the government and businesses. However, people also thought they shouldn't do this because it would give the government too much power and it goes against the constitution.
  • Proclamation of Neutrality

    Proclamation of Neutrality
    The Proclamation of Neutrality stated that the colonies were not going to side with France or Britain if they were in war. Washington had passed the Proclamation without Congress' approval and many people were not happy, including James Madison who had told Washington he had gone beyond his authority
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Congress had passed a tax on Whiskey to pay for their debt. The people in the western parts of states became unhappy about this tax. Farmers started a rebellion and protesting by not paying the tax along with feathering and tarring tax collectors. George Washington then led his army to sort the rebellion out. Though the rebels fled and no battle happened. This lead to people understanding that Congress had the power to make and enforce this tax.
  • Interactions with Native Americans: Little Turtle and Northwest territory battles; Battle of Fallen Timbers

    Interactions with Native Americans: Little Turtle and Northwest territory battles; Battle of Fallen Timbers
    Americans were settling farther northwest and the natives led by little turtle went to war. They had victories versus two separate american generals, During the battle of fallen timbers on august 20, 1794, native americans lost to General Anthony Wayne’s army. After these conflicts, the americans and indians signed a treaty called the treaty of Greenville(8/1795), giving the US most of the land in the northwest. In return, $20,000 were given to the natives.
  • Jay's Treaty

    To stop the British from seizing American ships and sailors, Washington sent John Jay to negotiate with Great Britain. The British agreed to give up this practice. They also agreed to abandon forts in the Northwest Territory
  • Pinckney’s Treaty

    Pinckney’s Treaty
    American Businesses faced problems and Spain kept punishing against the border between the US and Florida as well as closing American trade in New Orleans. Pinckney proposed a treatey that allowed New Orleans trade, allowed American deposits and set borders between the US and Spain
  • The election of 1796

    The election of 1796
    The election of 1796 was between the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican the candidates being John Adams,Adam Pinkcney , Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr with John Adams becoming president and Thomas Jefferson being vice president
  • XYZ affair

    XYZ affair
    The xyz affair was when john adams became president and how his first order of business involved france and the foreign minister and how the foreign minister wanted 25,000 dollars and a 12,000,000 dollar loan to discuss a peace treaty.
    Adam's’ reaction to this was a refusal and he was going to go to war and just before congress was about to declare war he said no because he was worried about the cost and instead he tried to do more peace talks with France.
  • The Alien and Sedition Acts

    The Alien and Sedition Acts
    Laws set that protect the USA one law was controversial and it was called the Sedition act. It meant that it cancelled basic protections of freedom of speech and freedom or press. Legislative responses to Democratic-Republicans and states’ rights by ruling these acts “misuse of the Government” and made the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions which stated the Federal Government could not pass laws like this because they messed with the state government.
  • Peace With France

    After the XYZ Affair, President Adams asked for Congress to start preparing for war. But, he sent representatives to make peace with France. In this agreement, France promised to stop seizing our ships and sailors. Some of the Federalists agreed with Adams, while others wanted war. This split the Federalist party and hurt their chances to win future elections.