Origins of the Cold War

Timeline created by Seraphina Tay
In History
  • GR QNS:Morgenthau Plan

    GR QNS:Morgenthau Plan
    Roosevelt endorsed this, the de-industrialisation and pastrolisation of Germany
    Good for USSR, but Roosevelt later changes this
  • DOLLAR DIPLOMACY: $6 billion loan request

    DOLLAR DIPLOMACY: $6 billion loan request
    Requested by Ussr from US. US imposes conditions
    Ussr sees as threat to economy,ideology and security
  • 1945: SOVIET ACTIONS: Trieste

    1945: SOVIET ACTIONS: Trieste
    Marshall Tito invades
    US misunderstands this as case of Soviet expansionism
  • Reshuffling of Truman's cabinet

    Reshuffling of Truman's cabinet
    To follow the crystallised view that communists were aggresive and ideologically driven. Henry Wallace,Secretary of Commerce and Jane Byrnes, Secretary of State replaced by George Marshall and Dean Acheson respectively
  • $ DIPLOMACY:$1 billion loan

    $ DIPLOMACY:$1 billion loan
    Futher request 'lost' by US state department
    Increase Ussr conviction US unwilling to cooperate after WW2, also economic threat
  • 1945 SOVIETS ACTION: Korea

    1945 SOVIETS ACTION: Korea
    Soviet troops move into Korea, US quickly occupies South due to fears of Ussr intentions.
    Stalin doesn't object, Ussr still willing to cooperate
  • 1945 SOVIETS ACTIONS: Manchuria

    1945 SOVIETS ACTIONS: Manchuria
    50 000 US Marines sent to North China to help KMT in rxn to Ussr giving CCP Japanese wpns
    Covert act of expansion by Ussr caused distrust with US
  • World War 2 ends

    World War 2 ends
    Beginning of USSR-west cooperation?
  • $ DIPLOMACY: Lend-Lease termination

    $ DIPLOMACY: Lend-Lease termination
    Lend-Lease: aid from US to it's allies, including Ussr
    Soviets more desperate for econmic aid, threat to already ramshackle economy
  • $ DIPLOMACY: Soviets don't join IMF and World Bank

    $ DIPLOMACY: Soviets don't join IMF and World Bank
    IMF: International Monetary Fund
    Due to perception that US doesn't want 2 help Soviet economic recovery
  • LONG TELEGRAMME

    LONG TELEGRAMME
    Analysed the communist government. Identifying it's economic weaknesses. Truman took this to emphasize the Soviets as ideologically aggresively driven. This solidfied US policy makers oerceptions of the Ussr and made cooperation between the 2 more difficult
  • LONG TELEGRAMME: Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

    LONG TELEGRAMME: Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech
    To harden attitude of US public
    Stalin called Churchill warmonger but had no other action. Increased tensions
  • GR QNS:Reparations to US to Soviet zone stops

    GR QNS:Reparations to US to Soviet zone stops
    General Clay, Commander-in-Chief of US zone annouces this.
    Would appear to be trying to weaken USSR by US
  • $ DIPLOMACY: Negotiations ended

    $ DIPLOMACY: Negotiations ended
    between US and Ussr
    shows Ussr fully believes US will not help them recover economy
  • LONG TELEGRAMME: Clifford-Elsey Report

    LONG TELEGRAMME: Clifford-Elsey Report
    Highlighted Soviet aggresion in Iran and Manchuria
    Justified US policy makers decisions
  • GR QNS:Restatement of Policy on Germany

     GR QNS:Restatement of Policy on Germany
    Speech by J.F. Byrnes, United States Secretary of State
    Germany is linchpin of Europe and therefore needs to recover for Europe to recover
    USSR sees Germany as threat to security and ideology.
  • Baruch Plan

    Baruch Plan
    Regarding inspection of atomic energy installations in UN member states in effort to regulate atomic energy. Demanded Soviet info while US could stay silent.
    Was an explict attempt to taunt Soviets. US seen as no longer willing to cooperate with Ussr
  • TRUMAN DOCTRINE

    TRUMAN DOCTRINE
    US to help any who are threatened by Communism
    Cooperation was nearly impossible due to this. However, no immediate change in Ussr foreign policy towards US
  • NATO: Brussels Pact

    NATO: Brussels Pact
    By 5 European countrie: Br, Fr, Belgium,the Netherlands and Luxembourg. However, Br and Fr recognised the defense of western Europe would only work with US participation. Thus, this became a precursor to Nato
  • MARSHALL PLAN

    MARSHALL PLAN
    To contain communism and create a captive European economy for US goods. Ussr was at first willing to participate but soon objected.
    Ussr saw this as an attempt to create an US economic empire, a threat to their economy,ideology and security
  • NATO

    NATO
    Began military spilt between the east and west
    Helped solidfy the non-cooperation between the US and the Ussr
  • A DIPLOMACY: Ussr Atomic programme ends

    A DIPLOMACY: Ussr Atomic programme ends
    Ussr unintimidated by Potsdam offer
  • NATO:Warsaw Pact

    NATO:Warsaw Pact
    Took a while before Ussr reacted to NATO, perhaps it provesNATO was less important?
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    1945 SOVIET ACTIONS:Iran

    Ussr remains in Iran after stopping seizure of Persian Oil Fields to encourage separatist movements
    US sees as Stalin trying to create sphere of influence, world conquest perception
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    POLISH ISSUE:Tehran Conference

    USSR absorbs part of eastern Poland, Poland gets part of Eastern Gr, said by Churchill. Roosevelt doesn't object due to Polish-American votes
    Appears west understood USSR need for land
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    POLISH ISSUE: Fourth Moscow Conference, % agreement

    Br 90% influence in Greece, Ussr 90% influence in Romania, 75% in Bulgari. Roosevelt doesn't oppose
    Appears west understands Stalin's need for security and resources
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    SOVIETISATION

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    POLISH ISSUE: Yalta Conference

    Rejection of Polish border revision, include London Poles in Lublin Committee, free polish elections, Stalin signs Declaration of Liberated Europe
    Stalin saw only for public relations, agreements not implemented properly
    Roosevelt doubts possiblity of working with Ussr post-war
    Stalin confused and angered by changing Western policy, but perception may not have changed from before?
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    ATOMIC DIPLOMACY: Potsdam conference

    Truman offers info on a-bmb to Ussr if Ussr-controlled govts in Bulgaria and Romania reorganized
    Ideology, security and economic threat to Ussr
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    A DIPLOMACY: Soviet-Anglo-American Communique

    The later conference that resulted in re-organization of Bulgaria and Romania governments. Not due to Potsdam offer
    Ussr unruffled by US request and indication of being faster in nuclear arms race
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    1945 SOVIET ACTIONS: Greece Civil War

    Involvement of Greek Communists(KKE) made US fear Ussr involvement
    US misunderstands this as case of Soviet expansionism
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    BERLIN BLOCKADE

    A point where the cold war ,ay have turned hot. This was narrowly avoided through the use of planes dropping in supplies to the Berliners. The blockade was a failure and taken down, however it ended any hope of agreement between East and West Gr, and parallel the forboding future.
    Increased tensions and helped to prevent futher cooperation between the east and west