Flash of the Past - Music Education in American

Timeline created by kdunn396
  • American Colonization

    American Colonization
    Jamestown became the first permanent settlement in America.
  • Singing Schools Movement/ "Yankee Tunesmiths"

    Singing Schools Movement/ "Yankee Tunesmiths"
    A group of itinerant singing teachers would travel to cities, towns, and villages. This lasted from 1720 through the mid 19th century. Audio Example
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827)

    Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827)
    Geography, Music, Art and gymnastics were added to American schools because of Pestalozzi’s influence.
  • Lowell Mason

    Lowell Mason
    Music becomes recognized as a curricular subject by the Boston School Committee.
  • John Philip Sousa

    John Philip Sousa
    Sousa affected the development of musical taste. He was considered the one of the most popular musicians as well as one of the finest bandmasters of his time.
  • Samuel Winkley Cole

    Samuel Winkley Cole
    -Was an influential author and leader during the early 20th century

    Cole said, “The real purpose of teaching music in public schools is to not make expert sight singers nor individual soloists...A much nobler, grander, more inspiring privilege is yours and mine; to get the great mass to singing and to make them love it.”
  • Music Supervisors National Conference (MSNC)

    Music Supervisors National Conference (MSNC)
    The first national organization for music education. In 1913, they developed a pamphlet consisting of 18 songs that all Americans should know 18 Songs for Community Singing.
  • The Great Depression (1929-1939)

    The Great Depression (1929-1939)
    On October 24, 1929, weaknesses in the economy caused the stock market to crash. Millions of people lost their jobs. Even though times were tough, the era provided new innovations in folk music, jazz, popular songs, musicals, and country and western music.
  • Carl Orff

    Carl Orff
    He wrote 5 volumes of music. He believed music education should develop a child’s ability to create and improvise.
  • Cold War (1947-1991)

    Cold War (1947-1991)
    A geo-political conflict between the United States and the USSR that never evolved into a physical conflict. Competition in the areas of science and technology was fierce between the two countries.
  • Aesthetic Education

    Aesthetic Education
    Charles Leonhard - Aesthetic Philosophy - emotions, feeling, meaning, and beauty. To be human is to make meaning and seek meaning.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    The Supreme Court ruled that separate schools were inherently unequal and separate schools were now illegal. Brown v. Topeka Board of Education.
    Music teachers began to include multicultural pieces into the curriculum.
    These major legal shifts helped Americans realize the value of different cultural traditions and lead to changes in school curriculum.
  • Dello Joio’s Young Composers Project

    Dello Joio’s Young Composers Project
    Young composers were place in public schools to write music for specific performing groups of various levels of experience and proficiency. This paved the way for similar projects of larger scale to be put into practice.
  • Yale Seminar

    Yale Seminar
    Aimed at identifying and addressing issues facing music educators in American Schools. The conclusions drawn at this conference did not have the support needed from music teachers (MENC) to be put into practice.
  • Effective Public Relations

    Effective Public Relations
    Joan Gaines, director of NAfME, promoted music education through effective public relations.
    Promoted media advertisements through print, radio, and television, regarding advocacy for music education.
  • Tanglewood Symposium

    Tanglewood Symposium
    A meeting of musicians and non-musicians that were leaders in academia and business. The members discussed problems facing music educators at the time. Over the next few decades the outcomes of the symposium served as a spring board for many movements in music education.
  • First Digital Audio Workstation Invented

    First Digital Audio Workstation Invented
    -Greatest single item to reform music technology, film, video and radio
    -Mel Lambert says, “A Digital Audio Workstation is a computer-controlled system or networked collection of components that allows all of the major digital recording, processing, editing and replay functions to be controlled from a central location.”
  • John M. Feierabend

    John M. Feierabend
    Focuses on music literacy and creating students who are tuneful, beatful, and artful.
  • Praxial Philosophy of Music Education

    Praxial Philosophy of Music Education
    David Elliott, Praxial Philosophy - Music is a human activity. “Fundamentally, music is something people do.” Concept of "musiking" - was multidimensional, collective, and inclusive idea.
  • The Housewright Symposium on the Future of Music Education

    The Vision 2020 Symposium was created with a vision for music education that would help guide the profession over the next twenty years.