Mrs.Martins Cold War Timeline

Timeline created by wc-maryandkaelin
  • Pope John Paul 2

    Pope John Paul 2
    He was a vocal advocate for human rights who used his influence to effect political change. He was very opposed to capital punishment and used his influence to create political change. He is credited with the fall of Communism in Poland
  • Russian Communist Revolution

    Russian Communist Revolution
    Was when lenin lead a to overthrow czar, and brough the bolsheviks to Lenin. The communist party infulanced by setbacks of ww1
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    This was a peace treaty between Germany and the Allied Powers, it stated that Germany had to accept the blame for all damages a losses during the war, pay war reparations, give up gained territory during the war, and to disarm. This is an example of putting a limit on militarism just like they tried to do in the Cold War.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    This was an intergovernmental organization that came about as a result from the Paris Peace Conference. Their task was to make sure that war didn't break out again. This was supposed to bring stability to the world. This was an attempt at keeping world peace.
  • General Assembly

    General Assembly
    This was one of the six principal organs for the United Nations. This is the only section which gives all member nations equal representation. This section oversees budgets, appoints non-permanent members to the security council and they work together to make recommendations for resolutions. The most important aspect of the security council is to keep peace and security through recommendations from the joined nations. The assembly was responsible for keeping peace so they were also partially res
  • Yalta Conferance

    Yalta Conferance
    A meeting between Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt as World War Two was coming to an end. They decided to make Germany surrender and then set up four zones that would be run by France, Great Britain, Russia, and the U.S. Stalin permitted free election in Eastern Europe but this agreement was kept secret.
  • United nations

    United nations
    The United Nation was an organization that promoted cooperation and discussion between China, France, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States.
  • Nuremburg Trials

    Nuremburg Trials
    These trials were held to prosecute high level political officials and military authorities for war crimes. IMT was created by France, the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to punish European Axis war criminals
  • Iron Curtian Speech

    Iron Curtian Speech
    A speech given in Fulton, Missouri to a crowd of 40,000 people by Winston Churchill. "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent." This speech changed the way that the Democratic West Germany viewed the Communist East Germany. This speech said that west and east Germany’s division spot was the “iron curtain”
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    This is a foreign policy by Harry S. Truman to help any country whose stability was in danger of falling to communism. This is the United States trying to contain communism.
  • Chinese Communist Revolution

    Chinese Communist Revolution
    A revolution that allowed Communism to be able to move south, this would affect politically vulnerable countries and states. If these places fell to communism, this left some U.S. allies isolated and in danger of falling to communism also.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    This is a plan to give Europe billions of dollars for their economy to get back on it's feet, but these countries had to spend the billions of dollars on U.S. goods. This helped our economy and theirs. This was an attempt by the U.S. to keep European countries from falling to communism.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Blockade was put in place for the hope that the allies would be forced to abandom west berlin, but we airlifted all necessary items for survival,
  • NATO

    NATO
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and some Western European nations to provide security against the Soviet Union. This was created in an effort to forbid the revival of nationalist militaries, encourage European political integration, and the deterrence of Soviet expansionism.
  • Joseph Mcarthy Speech

    Joseph Mcarthy Speech
    A speech led by Senator Joseph McCarthy that said that there are over 200 people in the Department of State that were communists. This created nationwide chaos.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    This is a conflict between the United Nations who is supported by the United States and North Korea. North Korea invades the south across the 38th parallel. President Truman feared that since China fell to communism, the South Korea and other nations would also. This is another attempt to contain communism.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Created by the Soviet Union and other Communist countries of Eastern Europe that the Soviet Union had taken control of.This pact was a direct response to NATO. Because Germany wasapart of NATO the Soviets were afraid of militarization from ww2
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    Was the first artificial Earth sattelite,and it was launched by the Russians. It put fear in the americans because now russia is ahead of them in the space race.
  • Nuclear Deterrant

    Nuclear Deterrant
    A theory that nuclear weapons are intended to deter other states from attacking with their nuclear weapons, through the promise of retaliation and possibly mutually assured destruction.
  • Fidel Castro Proclaims Communist Cuba

    Fidel Castro Proclaims Communist Cuba
    Fidel Castro over threw the leader of Cuba who was very friendly with the United States and Castro who was Communist took over. Castro then becomes alies with the Soviet Union which makes the U.S. and Cuba enemies. Cuba allows the USSR to station missiles on their land which leads to the Cuban Missile Crisis, a major event of the Cold War.
  • MAD

    MAD
    Mutually Assured Destruction was a doctrine of military strategy that says that each side owns enough nuclear weapons to destroy each other. This says that if one side is attacked the other will retaliate immediately with equal or greater forces. The doctrine says that neither side should launch a “first strike” because the opposing side will launch from warning.The goal is to attempt to keep a tense but stable sense of peace around the world.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a way to keep communism from spreading into West Germany, which is a positive fact for the U.S. The East German regime was ended after the merger deal was signed
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    This was an attempt to topple Fidel Castro's government after he over threw Fulgencio Batista. This was a huge failure on America's part and this proved that Cuba could resist the aggression of America. This was an attempt to stop communism.
  • Building of The Berlin Wall

    Building of The Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was built to keep Western fascists from entering East Germany. Western Germany was part of the NATO and East Germany was part of the Warsaw Pact. East Germany was under the control of the USSR and West Germany was among France, England, and U.S. powers.
  • Cuban Missle Crisis

    Cuban Missle Crisis
    The Soviets stationed missiles in Cuba just 90 miles off of the coast of the U.S. These missiles were discovered by a U-2 that spotted missiles being assembled and put into place in Cuba. This led to a 13 day stand off between the U.S. and the Soviets, during this time the U.S. created a naval blockade around Cuba. The crisis ended by the Soviets removing their missiles in Cuba and the U.S. removing their missiles from Turkey.
  • Baruch Plan

    Baruch Plan
    A plan that was put into place to controll atomic weapons to the united nations, becaus of how out of hand the arms race was getting they were afraid of nuclear war
  • U.S. Sends Trooops to Vietnam

    U.S. Sends Trooops to Vietnam
    President Lyndon B. Johnson sent 3,500 troops to Vietnam to escalate the Vietnam Conflict by using his authority that was given to him by Congress. This action was in response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The Gulf of Tonkin incident was the name of two confrontations between the United States and North Vietnam. North Vietnam was under communist rule. This is another battle between democratic and communist powers.
  • Non-Proliferation Agreement

    Non-Proliferation Agreement
    This was an agreement to stop the spread of nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon technology. It says that any nuclear weapon state is not allowed to move any weapons or explosive devices to a non-nuclear weapon state. This was an attempt to keep control of the nuclear powers.
  • Apallo 11

    Apallo 11
    This was another sense of nationalism from during the Cold War. Apollo 11 was part of the space race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that landed the first human beings on the moon. Apollo 11 is said to be the most significant event during the Cold War because it proved that the U.S. was superior in their discovery of technology and defense weapons. This event assured that America had won the Space Race.
  • Salt 1

    Salt 1
    This is the first Strategic Arms Limitation Talk, this is between the USSR and the U.S. This was a plan to find a way to contain the arms race. The arms race and militarism was a big part of the Cold War.
  • Kent State Shootings

    Kent State Shootings
    Was an unarmed student protest for the dissaproval for the United States involvement in the Vietnam war. The national gaurd was called when the protest couldnt be controlled by local police.THe national car didnt mean to harm students but whie tryig to controll the the protest guns were fired.
  • Fall Of Siagon

    Fall Of Siagon
    Siagon was Caputred by Sount Vietnam because communist rebels from the south sided with the north and took over siagon.
  • Deng Xiaoping

    Deng Xiaoping
    He was a chinese revolutionist and states ma. After Mao Zedong died Deng led China through market and economic reforms
  • Margret Thatcher

    Margret Thatcher
    Margret Thatcher was a prime minister who helped end communism and advance democracy and freedom. She worked with Ronald Reagan and Popw John Paul 2 to diminish communism
  • Salt 2

    Salt 2
    this was the second Strategic Arms Limitation Talk, this was between Carter and Brezhnev. The USSR was focused on large warheads and the United States was focused on producing accurate missiles. This treaty made specific regulations on missiles and limited the number of launchers and types of missiles that could be used. No more than 2400 weapon systems per country. This was another step to containing the arms race and militarism.
  • Soviets Invade Afghanistan

    Soviets Invade Afghanistan
    This took place during the cold war, it was between two groups known as the Mujahideen and Afghan forces that were led by Soviets. The invasion was led by troops from the Soviet Union who supported the Afghan Communist Government as they were faced with a conflict with Anti-communist Muslim Guerrillas.
  • Fall Of The Berlin Wall

    Fall Of The Berlin Wall
    On November 9, 1989 the head of the East German Communist Party said that citizens from the GDR could cross over the border whenever they wanted to. The Berlin Wall is one of the most powerful symbols of the Cold War. Since the wall was torn down, East and West Germany were united and the communistic and democratic parties were not at war in Germany anymore.
  • Fall of The Berlin Wall

    Fall of The Berlin Wall
    The communist party of Germany announced a change in relations with West Germany, and the wall created unnecessary problems between the two. The wall was torn down as people fled across the border after pounding away at the wall with hammers and other tools.
  • Lech Walesa

    Lech Walesa
    Lech was a labor activist and Polish president who contributed to ending the Cold War by inspiring peaceful change movements and Gorbachev responded to these suggestions.
  • Start 1

    Start 1
    Ronald Reagan proposed radical reductions in the arms race instead of putting a small limitation on the two countries. The Soviets eventually abandoned these talks in protest. The strategic arms reduction agreement was later signed by Bush and Gorbachev, and was ratified without a problem. This is another attempt to control the arms race.
  • Start 2

    Start 2
    This stated that both sides would reduce strategic warheads and eliminate the U.S. Peacekeeper missile and the Russian SS-18. Start 2 never actually happened because the U.S. didn’t ratify this treaty until 1996. This was a failed attempt to limit the arms race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.