Mali, Songhai, and Great Zimbawe Important Events

Timeline created by mcheremk
In History
  • Jan 1, 1089

    (Zimbawe) Great Zimbawe Building An Empire

    (Zimbawe) Great Zimbawe Building An Empire
    Strong kingdoms also arose in other parts of Africa. Great Zimbabwe, for example, was a powerful kingdom in southern Africa. Great Zimbabwe was founded in the late 1000s as a small trading and herding center.
  • Jan 1, 1150

    (Zimbawe) Great Zimbawe Trading

    (Zimbawe) Great Zimbawe Trading
    Gold mining increased in the area in the 1100s. Farming expanded and the kingdom’s population grew. In time, Great Zimbabwe became the center of a large trading network
  • Jan 1, 1230

    (Mali) Sundiata Conquered

    (Mali) Sundiata Conquered
    In 1230 Sundiata built up an army and won back his country’s independence. He then conquered nearby kingdoms, including Ghana, in the 1230s.
  • Jan 1, 1235

    (Mali) Sundiata Made a New Crop

    (Mali) Sundiata Made a New Crop
    Sundiata introduced a new crop cotton. From the cotton fibers people made clothing that was comfortable in the warm climate. They also sold cotton to other people.
  • Jan 1, 1255

    (Mali) Sundiata Died

    (Mali) Sundiata Died
    Sundiata died in 1255. Later rulers of Mali took the title of mansa. Unlike Sundiata, most of these rulers were Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1301

    (Mali) Mansa Musa Succeeds

    (Mali) Mansa Musa Succeeds
    Under skillful leadership, Mali reached the height of its wealth, power, and fame in the 1300s, with a leader named Mansa Musa.
  • Jan 1, 1320

    (Mali) Mansa Musa Conquers Songhai Empire

    (Mali) Mansa Musa Conquers Songhai Empire
    In the 1300s Mansa Musa conquered the Songhai, adding their lands to his empire.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    (Mali) Mansa Munsa Dies

    (Mali) Mansa Munsa Dies
    When the great leader Mansa Munsa died his son took the throne.
  • Jan 1, 1338

    (Mali) Maghan Takes The Throne Of His Father

    (Mali) Maghan Takes The Throne Of His Father
    When Mansa Musa died, his son Maghan took the throne. Maghan was a weak ruler.
  • Jan 1, 1410

    (Zimbawe) Great Zimbawe Protecting Its Capital

    Trade made Great Zimbabwe’s rulers wealthy and powerful. They built a huge stone walled fortress to protect their capital.
  • Jan 1, 1421

    (Songhai) Empire Revelation

    (Songhai) Empire Revelation
    But as the Mali Empire weakened in the 1400s, the people of Songhai rebelled and regained their freedom.
  • Jan 1, 1431

    (Mali) The Fall Of Mali

    (Mali) The Fall Of Mali
    In 1431 the Tuareg nomads from the Sahara, seized Timbuktu. The people living at the edges of Mali’s empire broke away. By 1500 nearly all of the lands the empire had once ruled were lost. Only a small area of Mali remained.
  • Jan 1, 1444

    (Songhai) Songhai Building An Empire

    (Songhai) Songhai Building An Empire
    As the Songhai gained in wealth, they expanded their territory and built an empire.
  • Jan 1, 1464

    (Songhai) Sunni Ali Taking The Power

    (Songhai) Sunni Ali Taking The Power
    Songhai’s expansion was led by Sunni Ali, who became ruler of the Songhai in 1464. Before he took over, the Songhai state had been disorganized.
  • Jan 1, 1492

    (Songhai) Sunni Ali Died

    (Songhai) Sunni Ali Died
    He was followed as king by his son Sunni Baru, who was not a Muslim.
  • Jan 1, 1498

    (Songhai) Revelation Against Sunni Baru

    (Songhai) Revelation Against Sunni Baru
    The Songhai people feared that if Sunni Baru didn’t support Islam, they would lose their trade with Muslim lands. They rebelled against the king.
  • Jan 1, 1498

    (Songhai) Muhammad Ture Desition

    (Songhai) Muhammad Ture Desition
    The leader of that rebellion was a general named Muhammad Ture, After overthrowing Sunni Baru, Muhammad Ture chose the title askia, a title of high military rank. Eventually, he became known as Askia the Great.
  • (Songhai) Songhai Defends Their Natural Resources

    (Songhai) Songhai Defends Their Natural Resources
    Songhai Falls to Morocco a northern rival of Songhai, Morocco, wanted to gain control of Songhai’s salt mines. So the Moroccan army set out for the heart of Songhai in 1591.
  • (Songhai) Songhai Empire Falls

    (Songhai) Songhai Empire Falls
    The Moroccans destroyed Timbuktu and Gao. Changes in trade patterns completed Songhai’s fall. Overland trade declined as port cities on the Atlantic coast became more important.