Major Events in the Spread of Islam

Timeline created by tirquize
In History
  • 570

    Muhammud is born

    Muhammud is born
    He was likely born on April 26th in the year 570 CE. He was born into the Banu Hashim clan, a prominent Meccan clan. His father died before he was born and his mother died when he was six years old.
  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammud is visited by the angel Gabriel

    Muhammud is visited by the angel Gabriel
    Muhammad is visited by the angel Gabriel on Mount Hira and is supposedly commanded to write the following verses:
    Proclaim! (or read!) in the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created-
    Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:
    Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful,-
    He Who taught (the use of) the pen,-
    Taught man that which he knew not.
    —Quran, sura 96 (Al-Alaq), ayat 1-5
  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammud and his followers flee from Mecca to Medina

    Muhammud and his followers flee from Mecca to Medina
    In 622 CE Muhammad was warned of a plot to assassinate him, so he fled to Medina with Abu - Bakr. The year in which he fled to Medina is the first year of the Islamic calendar.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Muslims capture Mecca and the Ka'ba is cleansed

    Muslims capture Mecca and the Ka'ba is cleansed
    On the night of November 29th ten thousand marched from Medina to Mecca. Each soldier was ordered to carry a light to make it seem as if there were more.
  • Jan 1, 633

    Muslim armies take fertile crescent, North African Coast, parts of Persian and Byzantine Emipres

    Muslim armies take fertile crescent, North African Coast, parts of Persian and Byzantine Emipres
    Between 633 and 642 CE
    Muslim armies take control of North Africa, Fertile Crescent, as well as parts of the Persianand Byzantine empires.
  • Jan 1, 655

    Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa

    Islam begins to spread throughout North Africa
    Islam is beginning to spread throughout parts of North Africa. It is growing rapidly. This is before the Umayyad role, and the end of the “righteous caliphs.”
  • Jan 1, 661

    Beginning of Umyyad rule

    Beginning of Umyyad rule
    Imam Ali is killed, bringing an end to the four “righteous caliphs”: Abur Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. This is also the beginning of the Umayyad role.
  • Jan 1, 710

    Arab armies enter Spain from North Africa

    Arab armies enter Spain from North Africa
    Muslims enter Spain in the west, and India in the east, taking over the land as they go. Eventually they will take over almost the whole Iberian Peninsula.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Muslim Empire reaches furthest extent: Battle of Tours

    Muslim Empire reaches furthest extent: Battle of Tours
    Prevents empitre from further advancing Northward. Defeated by Charles Martel. The Battle of Tours pitted European Christians against Muslims. The Muslimswere trying to advance on the Christians by way of the Iberian Peninsula. This is important because it preserved Christianity in a time when Muslims were conquering other places such as Rome and Persia.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Abbasids take rule from Umyyad and shift the seat of power to Bhagdad

    Abbasids take rule from Umyyad and shift the seat of power to Bhagdad
    For a large chunk of time, the Umayyads were in charge of the entire Muslim empire. The Abbasids took power and the Umayyads fled to Cordoba. The Abbasids moved the seat of power to Baghdad, and Baghdad became a major trade crossroads because of it.
  • Jan 1, 813

    Reign of Ma'mun

    Reign of Ma'mun
    Between 813 and 833; Ma’mun marched on Baghdad, beheaded its ruler, and took power. His reignlasted twenty years. Early Muslim scholars could not agree on whether the Quran
    was created or uncreated(eternal) during this time.
  • Jan 1, 900

    West Africa begins to convert to Islam

    West Africa begins to convert to Islam
    late 900s
    By Islam spreading into West Africa starts the domination of Islam as a world religion. Now many people can convert other Africans to Islam increasing the population of the Islam religion.
  • Jan 1, 945

    Persians invade Bhagdad

    Persians invade Bhagdad
    By Persia invading Baghdad, it sets up the beginning of the domination of Islam.
  • Jan 1, 1120

    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia

    Islam continues to spread throughout Asia
    The spread of Islam through Asia is important because now so much more of the world has knowledge of Islam. This made Islam a world religion.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Ottomans conquer the Byzantine seat and change Constantinople to Istanbul

    Ottomans conquer the Byzantine seat and change Constantinople to Istanbul
    This picture shows the Ottomans conquering Byzantine and Constantinople. By them conquering Constantinople the city was renamed Istanbul. This is important to Islamic history because if the Ottomans didn’t conquer Constantinople, the name of the city wouldn’t be changed.