Jose Rizal

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In History
  • Marriage of his parents

    Teodora Morales Alonso-Realonda y Quintos, and dad, Francisco Rizal-Mercado y Alejandra, married.
  • Birth of Rizal

    Rizal was born, as their seventh child.
  • Christened

    Christened as José Protacio Rizal-Mercado y Alonso-Realonda
  • Studied under Justiniano Aquin Cruz.

  • Studied at Kalamba public school under Master Lucas Padua.

    At age 10
  • Took exam in San Juan de Letran College

    Age 12
  • Started strudying at Ateneo Municipal de Manila

  • Became a boarder at Ateneo

  • RecievedBachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree with highest honors, from Ateneo de Manila.

  • Entered Sto. Tomás University in the Philosophy course.

  • Awarded diploma of honorable mention and merit by the Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country, Amigos del País for his prized poem.

  • Matriculated in the medical course. Won Liceo Artistico-Literario prize, in poetical competition for “Indians and Mestizos”, with the poem “To the Philippine Youth”.

  • Received Licco Artístico-Literario diploma of honorable mention for the allegory, “The Council of the Gods”, in competition open to “Spaniards, mestizos and Indians”. Unjustly deprived of the first prize.

  • Operetta “On the Banks of the Pasig” produced.

  • Submitted winning wax model design for commemorative medal for the Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country centennial.

  • Secretly left Manila taking a French mail steamer at Singapore for Marseilles and entering Spain at Port Bou by railroad. His brother, Paciano Mercado, furnished the money.

  • Arrived in Barcelona

  • Absence noted at Sto. Tomás University, which owned the Kalamba estate. Rizal’s father was compelled to prove that he had no knowledge of his son’s plan in order to hold the land on which he was the University’s tenant.

  • Began studies in Madrid.

  • Received degree of Licentiate in Medicine with honors from Central University of Madrid on June 19 at the age of 24.

    Clinical assistant to Dr. L. de Wecker, a Paris oculist.
    Visited Universities of Heidelberg, Leipzig, and Berlin
  • Finished the novel Noli Me Tangere in Berlin.

    Traveled in Austria, Switzerland and Italy.
  • Sailed from Marseilles.

  • Arrived in Manila. Traveled in nearby provinces with a Spanish lieutenant, detailed by the Governor-General, as escort.

  • Sailed for Japan via Hong Kong.

  • A guest at the Spanish Legation, Tokyo, and traveling in Japan.

  • Travelled to United States

  • In London, studying in the British Museum to edit Morga’s 1609 Philippine History.

  • — In Paris, publishing Morga’s History. Published “The Philippines A Century Hence” in La Solidaridad, a Filipino fortnightly review, first of Barcelona and later of Madrid.

  • In Belgium finished El Filibusterismo which is the sequel to Noli Me Tangere.

  • Returned to Madrid to confer with his countrymen on the Philippine situation, then constantly growing worse.

  • Left Madrid for France.

  • Arranging for a Filipino agricultural colony in British North Borneo.

    Practiced medicine in Hong Kong.
  • Organized a mutual aid economic society: a Liga Filipina.

  • Returned to Manila under Governor-General Despujol’s safe conduct pass.

  • Ordered deported to Dapitan, but the decree and charges were kept secret from him.

    Taught school and conducted a hospital during his exile, patients coming from China coast ports for treatment. Fees thus earned were used to beautify the town. Arranged a water system and had the plaza lighted.
  • Left Dapitan en route to Spain as a volunteer surgeon for the Cuban yellow fever hospitals. Carried letters of recommendation from Governor-General Blanco.

  • On Spanish cruiser Castilla in Manila Bay.

    Sailed for Spain on Spanish mail steamer and just after leaving Port Said was confined to his cabin as a prisoner on cabled order from Manila. (Rizal’s enemies to secure the appointment of a governor-general subservient to them, the servile Polavieja had purchased Governor-General Blanco’s promotion.)
  • Placed in Montjuich Castle dungeon on his arrival in Barcelona and the same day re-embarked for Manila

    Friends and countrymen in London by cable made an unsuccessful effort for a Habeas Corpus writ at Singapore. On arrival in Manila was placed in Fort Santiago dungeon.
  • Charged with treason, sedition and forming illegal societies, the prosecution arguing that he was responsible for the deeds of those who read his writings.

    During his imprisonment Rizal began to formulate in his mind his greatest poem who others later entitle, “My Last Farewell.” (Later concealed in an alcohol cooking lamp)
  • Rizal appears in a courtroom where the judges made no effort to check those who cry out for his death.

  • Formally condemned to death by a Spanish court martial.

  • Completes and puts into writing “My Last Farewell.” He conceals the poem in an alcohol heating apparatus and gives it to his family. He may have also concealed another copy of the same poem in one of his shoes but, if so, it is lost in decomposition in

  • Roman Catholic sources allege that Rizal marries Josephine Bracken in his Fort Santiago death cell to Josephine Bracken; she is Irish, the adopted daughter of a blind American who came to Dapitan from Hong Kong for treatment.

  • Shot on the Luneta, Manila, at 7:03 a.m., and buried in a secret grave in Paco Cemetery. (Entry of his death was made in the Paco Church Register among suicides.)

  • Commemorated by Spanish Free-masons who dedicated a tablet to his memory, in their Grand Lodge hall in Madrid, as a martyr to Liberty.

  • Filipinos who placed over it in Paco cemetery, a cross inscribed simply “December 30, 1896”

  • President Aguinaldo, of the Philippine Revolutionary Government, proclaimed December 30th as a day of national mourning.

  • Filipinos held Memorial services at which time American soldiers on duty carried their arms reversed.

  • — Birth semi-centennial observed in all public schools by an act of the Philippine Legislature

  • Rizal’s ashes transferred to the Rizal Mausoleum on the Luneta with impressive public ceremonies

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    The Life and Influence of Rizal

  • Period: to

    A guest at the Spanish Legation, Tokyo, and traveling in Japan.