Irish Republican Army

Timeline created by darby31456
  • Easter Rising

    Easter Rising
    This is led by Patrick Pearse, who proclaims the "Irish Republic."
  • War of Independence & Partition

    War of Independence & Partition
    Following the Anglo-Irish War (War of Independence) the Government of Ireland Act creates partition. Twenty-six southern counties become the Irish Free State and six northeastern counties--Northern Ireland--remain part of Britain.
  • Battle of Bogside

    Battle of Bogside
    The Orange Apprentice Boys of Londonderry hold a parade. Rioting breaks out and 1,000 police arrive to contain the crowd. Bogside marks a pivitol point where the troubles in Ireland move away from civil rights issues and toward religious and national identities. A few days later, the British Army arrives to maintain order.
  • Birth of Provisionals

    Birth of Provisionals
    The IRA Provisonal Army Council issues a statement which signals the split between the IRA. The Provisionals emerge
  • Internment

    Internment
    Internment is implemented--meaning a person can be locked up without a trial. This move by the British government produces violence and political unrest.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    During a civil rights march in Derry involving thousands of people, British paratroopers shoot dead thirteen Roman Catholics. (A British inquiry will later exonerate the soldiers,suggesting the demonstrators were terrorists linked to the IRA. Decades later, the British government concedes the demonstrators were innocent; a new investigation is under way in 1999.)
  • Direct Rule

    Direct Rule
    As a result of Bloody Sunday, Her Majesty's Government abolishes Stormont Parliament and introduces Direct Rule from Westminster, "until a political solution to the problems of the province can be worked out."
  • Bloody Friday

    Bloody Friday
    The IRA sets off 26 bombs in Belfast killing nine people and injuring 130.
  • Sinn Fein legalized

    Sinn Fein legalized
    The Northern Ireland (Emergency Provision) Act of 1973 is amended making the Ulster Volunteer Force and Sinn Fein legal organizations.
  • Cease Fire

    Cease Fire
    A truce is reached through secret negiotiations between the Provisional IRA and the British security forces. IRA members believe British withdrawal from Northern Ireland will follow soon.
  • Internment Ends

    Internment Ends
    The British government ends internment, declaring those who are guilty of crimes will be charged, arrested, and tried with a jury. During the period of internment nearly 2,000 people were detained without a proper trial.
  • Criminalization

    Criminalization
    The British begin phasing out Special Category status. After this date, all prisoners convicted of terrorist acts are to be treated as ordinary criminals and locked in H-Block.
  • Blanket Men

    Blanket Men
    Kieran Nugent, Provisional IRA member is the first prisoner convicted and not given Special Category status. He refuses to wear a uniform and wears a blanket to differentiate himself from the Ordinary Decent Criminals (OCDs). This became known as the "Blanket Protest."
  • Dirty Protest

    Dirty Protest
    Cardinal O'Fiaich visits Maze Prison and protests the unsanitary conditions. Three hundred Republican prisoners refuse to wear prison clothes and demand Special Category status. Protesters wear only blankets and smear the walls in their cells with excreta.
  • Mountbatten Assassination

    Mountbatten Assassination
    Lord Mountbatten, uncle of Queen Elizabeth II, is murdered along with three others when his boat is blown up by an IRA bomb at Mullaghmore, Co. Sligo.
  • First Hunger Strike

    First Hunger Strike
    Tommy McKearney and six other IRA members start the first prison hunger strike demanding the right to wear their own clothes.
  • Second Hunger Strike led by Bobby Sands

    Second Hunger Strike led by Bobby Sands
    Bobby Sands begins a new hunger strike on the fifth anniversary of the ending of Special Category status.
  • Sands Elected MP

    Sands Elected MP
    Forty days into his hunger strike, Sands wins the seat for Fermanagh-South Tyrone.
  • Bobby Sands dies on 66th day of hunger strike

    Bobby Sands dies on 66th day of hunger strike
    His death causes rioting in Northern Ireland and in the Republic 100,000 attend his funeral. The next day, provisional IRA prisoner, Joe McDonnell starts a hunger strike to take the place of Sands. Another nine IRA members fast to death.
  • Anglo-Irish Agreement

    Anglo-Irish Agreement
    This agreement is signed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald. It establishes an Inter-Governmental Conference to deal with political matters, security, and legal matters and the promotion of cross-border cooperation.
  • Deaclan Arthurs, Padraig McKearney and six other IRA members of E. Tyrone Brigade are killed

    Deaclan Arthurs, Padraig McKearney and six other IRA members of E. Tyrone Brigade are killed
    They are gunned down during an attack by the Special Air Services (SAS) while bombing Loughhall Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) station.
  • Eksund--Libyan arms

    Eksund--Libyan arms
    A huge consignment of Libyan arms and ammunition, including surface-to-air missiles, are discovered on board the Eksund. It's later reported that the IRA had already received three other arms shipments from Libya.
  • SDLP and Sinn Fein Talks

    SDLP and Sinn Fein Talks
    Social Democratic Labor Party leader John Hume and Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams begin discussions for an all-Ireland settlement.
  • Gibraltar

    Gibraltar
    Sean Savage, Daniel McCann and Mairead Farrell, unarmed, are gunned down, by SAS. They were active IRA members. Controversy surrounds their deaths because SAS had followed them and allegedly gave no warning before the shootings. SAS claim they feared the three were about to detonate a bomb.
  • Milltown cemetery in Belfast

    Milltown cemetery in Belfast
    Three mourners are killed by Loyalist gunman Michael Stone during the burial of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
  • Two British soldiers are killed

    Two British soldiers are killed
    These two soldiers accidentally drive into the funeral procession of Kevin Brady in Andersonstown (he was one of the three IRA victims killed by the Milltown gunman two days earlier.) TV cameras record how the soldiers are dragged from their car, beaten by the crowd, and then shot dead by IRA. The footage is shown around the world.
  • IRA mortars

    IRA mortars
    The IRA fires a mortar bomb 15 yards from a room where Prime Minister John Major is meeting with his cabinet. No one is injured.
  • Teebane Crossroads

    Teebane Crossroads
    Seven Protestant constructions workers at a security base in Co. Tyrone are killed by an IRA bomb. The driver of their bus also dies.
  • Bishopsgate bomb

    Bishopsgate bomb
    An IRA bomb containing one ton of fertilizer explosives goes off at the NatWest Tower in London. One is killed and 30 are injured. Damages amount to $1 billion
  • Shankhill bomb

    Shankhill bomb
    IRA detonates a bomb in a Belfast fish shop. Ten people die including one of the bombers; 57 are injured.
  • Downing Street Declaration

    Downing Street Declaration
    John Major and Albert Reynolds issue a Joint Declaration on Northern Ireland which says "the ending of divisions can come about only through the agreement and cooperation of the people, North and South, representing both traditions in Ireland."
  • Gerry Adams granted U.S. visa

    Gerry Adams granted U.S. visa
    Sinn Fein leader Adams is finally granted visa to enter the U.S. after being turned down eight times by the Reagan and Bush administrations. President Clinton says he hopes Adams' visit would help the peace process.
  • IRA cessation

    IRA cessation
    The IRA announces that there will be a cessation of military operations in an effort to help the democratic peace process.
  • Canary Wharf bomb

    Canary Wharf bomb
    The IRA announces the ceasefire will end. Scotland Yard receives warnings that a bomb is planted in the Canary Wharf area. At 7:01 PM a bomb explodes there killing two and injuring over a 100.
  • All Party Peace Talks begin

    All Party Peace Talks begin
    Another IRA ceasefire is established and, for the first time since Ireland was divided in 1922, the Irish Free State, Ulster (British Province) and Sinn Fein, the political wing of the IRA, sit down to formal negotiations.
  • British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets with a Sinn Fein delegation

    British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets with a Sinn Fein delegation
    British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets with a Sinn Fein delegation and shakes hands with Martin McGuinness and Gerry Adams in East Belfast. Northern Ireland's Protestant majority are outraged, citing the IRA's history of violence and continued unwillingness to lay down their weapons.
  • A Catholic man is killed outside of Belfast.

    A Catholic man is killed outside of Belfast.
    A Catholic man is killed outside of Belfast. It's the first killing since the IRA cease-fire in July. The Loyalist Volunteer Force is suspected.
  • a Roman Catholic doorman at a Belfast night club and nephew of Gerry Adams, is killed.

    a Roman Catholic doorman at a Belfast night club and nephew of Gerry Adams, is killed.
    On the eve of the peace talks resuming, Terry Enwright, a Roman Catholic doorman at a Belfast night club and nephew of Gerry Adams, is killed. The Loyalist Volunteer Force takes credit.
  • Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks rather than be expelled when the Ulster Freedom Fighters admit to some of the murders.

    Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks rather than be expelled when the Ulster Freedom Fighters admit to some of the murders.
    After more killings occur totaling seven Catholics and two Protestants, the Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks rather than be expelled when the Ulster Freedom Fighters admit to some of the murders.
  • Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial inquiry

    Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial inquiry
    Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial inquiry into the 1972 "Bloody Sunday" killings in Northern Ireland.
  • The Irish and British Governments temporarily expel Sinn Fein from the peace talks

    The Irish and British Governments temporarily expel Sinn Fein from the peace talks
    The Irish and British Governments temporarily expel Sinn Fein from the peace talks for two killings earlier in the month which are linked to the IRA.
  • The Good Friday Agreement

    The Good Friday Agreement
    After months of peace talks, murders and violence, the Northern Ireland Peace Talks produce a settlement called The Good Friday Agreement.
  • A referendum on the historic Good Friday Agreement is voted on in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.

    A referendum on the historic Good Friday Agreement is voted on in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.
    A referendum on the historic Good Friday Agreement is voted on in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. It passes by 71 percent to 29 percent in Northern Ireland and in the Irish Republic 94 percent approve the compromise agreement.
  • Omagh Bombing

    Omagh Bombing
    29 people are killed and over 200 wounded when a bomb explodes in Omagh. It is Northern Ireland's most deadly paramilitary attack. The blast is blamed on the Real IRA, a splinter group from the IRA.
  • David Trimble, Northern Ireland's First Minister, says Sinn Fein should not be seated in Northern Ireland's new Assembly because the IRA has not disarmed.

    David Trimble, Northern Ireland's First Minister, says Sinn Fein should not be seated in Northern Ireland's new Assembly because the IRA has not disarmed.
    David Trimble, Northern Ireland's First Minister, says Sinn Fein should not be seated in Northern Ireland's new Assembly because the IRA has not disarmed. Sinn Fein's chief negotiator, Martin McGuiness, says Sinn Fein must be part of the executive in Northern Ireland before the IRA hands over their weapons.
  • David Trimble and John Hume win the Nobel Peace Prize

    David Trimble and John Hume win the Nobel Peace Prize
    David Trimble and John Hume win the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to bring peace to Northern Ireland.
  • terrorist weapons are taken

    terrorist weapons are taken
    First steps in decommissioning terrorist weapons are taken with the handing over of a cache of weapons by the Loyalist Volunteer Force.
  • the first anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement

    the first anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement
    On the first anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement, there is still no deal between the opposing sides. The main issue remains the decommissioning of the IRA's weapons.
  • IRA continues to this day

    IRA continues to this day
    Significant setbacks occur this month for implementing the peace agreement. The main Protestant politicians, the Ulster Unionists, announce they won't share power with Sinn Fein in a Protestant-Catholic coalition Cabinet, as envisioned in the peace accord, so long as the IRA refuses to begin disarming. And Sinn Fein rules out IRA disarmament by May 2000 which is the deadline set by the peace accords for the IRA and pro-British Protestant paramilitary groups to surrender all weapons.
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    IRA