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Irish Republican Army

Timeline created by darby31456
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Er small square Easter Rising This is led by Patrick Pearse, who proclaims the "Irish Republic."
140 small square War of Independence & Partition Following the Anglo-Irish War (War of Independence) the Government of Ireland Act creates partition. Twenty-six southern counties become the Irish Free State and six northeastern counties--Northern Ireland--remain part of Britain.
Bob 0 small square Battle of Bogside The Orange Apprentice Boys of Londonderry hold a parade. Rioting breaks out and 1,000 police arrive to contain the crowd. Bogside marks a pivitol point where the troubles in Ireland move away from civil rights issues and toward religious and national identities. A few days later, the British Army arrives to maintain order.
Photo small square Birth of Provisionals The IRA Provisonal Army Council issues a statement which signals the split between the IRA. The Provisionals emerge
Finishedposter small square Internment Internment is implemented--meaning a person can be locked up without a trial. This move by the British government produces violence and political unrest.
Sunday small square Bloody Sunday During a civil rights march in Derry involving thousands of people, British paratroopers shoot dead thirteen Roman Catholics. (A British inquiry will later exonerate the soldiers,suggesting the demonstrators were terrorists linked to the IRA. Decades later, the British government concedes the demonstrators were innocent; a new investigation is under way in 1999.)
Ireland small square Direct Rule As a result of Bloody Sunday, Her Majesty's Government abolishes Stormont Parliament and introduces Direct Rule from Westminster, "until a political solution to the problems of the province can be worked out."
Bf small square Bloody Friday The IRA sets off 26 bombs in Belfast killing nine people and injuring 130.
 373331 sinnfein300 small square Sinn Fein legalized The Northern Ireland (Emergency Provision) Act of 1973 is amended making the Ulster Volunteer Force and Sinn Fein legal organizations.
Ceasefire fire extinguishers small square Cease Fire A truce is reached through secret negiotiations between the Provisional IRA and the British security forces. IRA members believe British withdrawal from Northern Ireland will follow soon.
91169473 british political small square Internment Ends The British government ends internment, declaring those who are guilty of crimes will be charged, arrested, and tried with a jury. During the period of internment nearly 2,000 people were detained without a proper trial.
Kelley88 small square Criminalization The British begin phasing out Special Category status. After this date, all prisoners convicted of terrorist acts are to be treated as ordinary criminals and locked in H-Block.
Victory to the blanket men small square Blanket Men Kieran Nugent, Provisional IRA member is the first prisoner convicted and not given Special Category status. He refuses to wear a uniform and wears a blanket to differentiate himself from the Ordinary Decent Criminals (OCDs). This became known as the "Blanket Protest."
Hqdefault small square Dirty Protest Cardinal O'Fiaich visits Maze Prison and protests the unsanitary conditions. Three hundred Republican prisoners refuse to wear prison clothes and demand Special Category status. Protesters wear only blankets and smear the walls in their cells with excreta.
220px mountbatten small square Mountbatten Assassination Lord Mountbatten, uncle of Queen Elizabeth II, is murdered along with three others when his boat is blown up by an IRA bomb at Mullaghmore, Co. Sligo.
Imagescakznwem small square First Hunger Strike Tommy McKearney and six other IRA members start the first prison hunger strike demanding the right to wear their own clothes.
O nkyonwvvcx4yios small square Second Hunger Strike led by Bobby Sands Bobby Sands begins a new hunger strike on the fifth anniversary of the ending of Special Category status.
Sands81a small square Sands Elected MP Forty days into his hunger strike, Sands wins the seat for Fermanagh-South Tyrone.
Bobby sands 5may3 small square Bobby Sands dies on 66th day of hunger strike His death causes rioting in Northern Ireland and in the Republic 100,000 attend his funeral. The next day, provisional IRA prisoner, Joe McDonnell starts a hunger strike to take the place of Sands. Another nine IRA members fast to death.
Aiacov small square Anglo-Irish Agreement This agreement is signed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald. It establishes an Inter-Governmental Conference to deal with political matters, security, and legal matters and the promotion of cross-border cooperation.
0 small square Deaclan Arthurs, Padraig McKearney and six other IRA members of E. Tyrone Brigade are killed They are gunned down during an attack by the Special Air Services (SAS) while bombing Loughhall Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) station.
Libya%20banner small square Eksund--Libyan arms A huge consignment of Libyan arms and ammunition, including surface-to-air missiles, are discovered on board the Eksund. It's later reported that the IRA had already received three other arms shipments from Libya.
Sdlp2 570x303 small square SDLP and Sinn Fein Talks Social Democratic Labor Party leader John Hume and Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams begin discussions for an all-Ireland settlement.
Mgibral small square Gibraltar Sean Savage, Daniel McCann and Mairead Farrell, unarmed, are gunned down, by SAS. They were active IRA members. Controversy surrounds their deaths because SAS had followed them and allegedly gave no warning before the shootings. SAS claim they feared the three were about to detonate a bomb.
Milltown cemetery small square Milltown cemetery in Belfast Three mourners are killed by Loyalist gunman Michael Stone during the burial of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
30irish herb 01 small square Two British soldiers are killed These two soldiers accidentally drive into the funeral procession of Kevin Brady in Andersonstown (he was one of the three IRA victims killed by the Milltown gunman two days earlier.) TV cameras record how the soldiers are dragged from their car, beaten by the crowd, and then shot dead by IRA. The footage is shown around the world.
Bfa4c3cb91d1 small square IRA mortars The IRA fires a mortar bomb 15 yards from a room where Prime Minister John Major is meeting with his cabinet. No one is injured.
Tbn09mem teebane drum rd 4636 small square Teebane Crossroads Seven Protestant constructions workers at a security base in Co. Tyrone are killed by an IRA bomb. The driver of their bus also dies.
 38523649 bishopsgate238 small square Bishopsgate bomb An IRA bomb containing one ton of fertilizer explosives goes off at the NatWest Tower in London. One is killed and 30 are injured. Damages amount to $1 billion
Shankill bomb 2 131346t small square Shankhill bomb IRA detonates a bomb in a Belfast fish shop. Ten people die including one of the bombers; 57 are injured.
 296578 mural small square Downing Street Declaration John Major and Albert Reynolds issue a Joint Declaration on Northern Ireland which says "the ending of divisions can come about only through the agreement and cooperation of the people, North and South, representing both traditions in Ireland."
Article 1209324 062fdc75000005dc 496 468x421 small square Gerry Adams granted U.S. visa Sinn Fein leader Adams is finally granted visa to enter the U.S. after being turned down eight times by the Reagan and Bush administrations. President Clinton says he hopes Adams' visit would help the peace process.
Cover ap small square IRA cessation The IRA announces that there will be a cessation of military operations in an effort to help the democratic peace process.
Southkey bombing   9 2 96[1] small square Canary Wharf bomb The IRA announces the ceasefire will end. Scotland Yard receives warnings that a bomb is planted in the Canary Wharf area. At 7:01 PM a bomb explodes there killing two and injuring over a 100.
Knumeetgov1 small square All Party Peace Talks begin Another IRA ceasefire is established and, for the first time since Ireland was divided in 1922, the Irish Free State, Ulster (British Province) and Sinn Fein, the political wing of the IRA, sit down to formal negotiations.
Dscf0536[1] small square British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets with a Sinn Fein delegation British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets with a Sinn Fein delegation and shakes hands with Martin McGuinness and Gerry Adams in East Belfast. Northern Ireland's Protestant majority are outraged, citing the IRA's history of violence and continued unwillingness to lay down their weapons.
0,,14973546 4,00 small square A Catholic man is killed outside of Belfast. A Catholic man is killed outside of Belfast. It's the first killing since the IRA cease-fire in July. The Loyalist Volunteer Force is suspected.
Crosses 002 small square a Roman Catholic doorman at a Belfast night club and nephew of Gerry Adams, is killed. On the eve of the peace talks resuming, Terry Enwright, a Roman Catholic doorman at a Belfast night club and nephew of Gerry Adams, is killed. The Loyalist Volunteer Force takes credit.
Adamsmedia small square Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks rather than be expelled when the Ulster Freedom Fighters admit to some of the murders. After more killings occur totaling seven Catholics and two Protestants, the Ulster Democratic Party leaves the peace talks rather than be expelled when the Ulster Freedom Fighters admit to some of the murders.
Saville inquiry into bloody sunday small square Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial inquiry Prime Minister Tony Blair announces a new judicial inquiry into the 1972 "Bloody Sunday" killings in Northern Ireland.
090313 g20leaders small square The Irish and British Governments temporarily expel Sinn Fein from the peace talks The Irish and British Governments temporarily expel Sinn Fein from the peace talks for two killings earlier in the month which are linked to the IRA.
Agreement small square The Good Friday Agreement After months of peace talks, murders and violence, the Northern Ireland Peace Talks produce a settlement called The Good Friday Agreement.
Noseacfa1 small square A referendum on the historic Good Friday Agreement is voted on in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. A referendum on the historic Good Friday Agreement is voted on in Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. It passes by 71 percent to 29 percent in Northern Ireland and in the Irish Republic 94 percent approve the compromise agreement.
Omagh small square Omagh Bombing 29 people are killed and over 200 wounded when a bomb explodes in Omagh. It is Northern Ireland's most deadly paramilitary attack. The blast is blamed on the Real IRA, a splinter group from the IRA.
Orange%20march%201 small square David Trimble, Northern Ireland's First Minister, says Sinn Fein should not be seated in Northern Ireland's new Assembly because the IRA has not disarmed. David Trimble, Northern Ireland's First Minister, says Sinn Fein should not be seated in Northern Ireland's new Assembly because the IRA has not disarmed. Sinn Fein's chief negotiator, Martin McGuiness, says Sinn Fein must be part of the executive in Northern Ireland before the IRA hands over their weapons.
Bono small square David Trimble and John Hume win the Nobel Peace Prize David Trimble and John Hume win the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to bring peace to Northern Ireland.
Gaza militant propaganda small square terrorist weapons are taken First steps in decommissioning terrorist weapons are taken with the handing over of a cache of weapons by the Loyalist Volunteer Force.
Imagescamhyj6n small square the first anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement On the first anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement, there is still no deal between the opposing sides. The main issue remains the decommissioning of the IRA's weapons.
Ira small square IRA continues to this day Significant setbacks occur this month for implementing the peace agreement. The main Protestant politicians, the Ulster Unionists, announce they won't share power with Sinn Fein in a Protestant-Catholic coalition Cabinet, as envisioned in the peace accord, so long as the IRA refuses to begin disarming. And Sinn Fein rules out IRA disarmament by May 2000 which is the deadline set by the peace accords for the IRA and pro-British Protestant paramilitary groups to surrender all weapons.
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