Feb 14, 1483
Babur-He was the first Mughal emporer and was a descendant of Gengis.
-Had great ideas about civilization, architecture, and administration.
Oct 14, 1542
Abu Akbar-Grandson of Babur.
-One of their best rulers.
-Believed in religious tolerence.
-Ended the tax on non-muslims.
-Non-muslims were not forced to obey Islamic laws.
-Changed the capital to Fatehpur Sikri.
Aug 30, 1569
-His court included large numbers of Indian Hindus.
-He began building monuments and gardens.
-Changed the language to Urdu.
shah Jahan-Commissioned the Taj Mahal, it symbolizes stability, power, and confidence.
-Moved the capital to the Red Fort in Delhi.
-Raised taxes which agrivated people within the empire.
BEIC introduction to India-Arrived by royal charter in 1600
-The charter granted a monopoly of all English trade in all lands touched by the Inian Ocean.
Arrival-Arrived in the port of Surat
-Thomas Roe talked with the Mughal Emperor and gained the right to build a factory in Surat.
-English communities developed around the major towns.
Establishment of British Companies-First companies established.
-Won trading concessions for the Mughal Empire by defeating the Portuguese.
-Expanded the Mughal empire.
-Ended religious tolerance and imposed laws to support this idea.
-Kingdom began to seperate and the East India Company began to take over.
Militant Mercantilism-the company was militarily dominant over South India and rapidly extending northward.
Growth of Mughal Empire Map
Collaspe of Mughal empire
Treaty-Mughal emperor signed a treaty with East India Company, allowing it to govern the state of Bengal.
-This provided EIC with tax revenues.
Expansion of British power-collected taxes
-Their control allowed them to control their mercantilst system which allowed them to get a big profit.
Mutiny of 1857
British RuleEast India Company was removed and the British government itself decided to run India.