Important Events of the Civil War

Timeline created by Ryenn and Kaitlyn
In History
  • The South Secedes

    The South Secedes
    the south secedesThe force of events moved very quickly upon the election of Lincoln. South Carolina acted first, calling for a convention to secede from the Union. State by state, conventions were held, and the Confederacy was formed.
  • The Battle of Fort Sumter

    The Battle of Fort Sumter
    fort sumter historyOn April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively. Although there were no casualties during the bombardment, one Union artillerist was killed and three wounded (one mortally) when a cannon exploded prematurely when firing a salute during the evacuation.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of ShilohOn the morning of April 6, 1862, 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston poured out of the nearby woods and struck a line of Union soldiers occupying ground near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation ProclimationPresident Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg AddressOn June 1, 1865, Senator Charles Sumner commented on what is now considered the most famous speech by President Abraham Lincoln. In his eulogy on the slain president, he called it a "monumental act." He said Lincoln was mistaken that "the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here." Rather, the Bostonian remarked, "The world noted at once what he said, and will never cease to remember it. The battle itself was less important than the speech."
  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea
    Sherman's March to SeaGeneral Grant arranged two campaigns for the year 1864. One, under his own immediate direction, was for the seizure of Richmond, the Confederate capital; the other was for the seizure of Atlanta, Ga., the focus of several converging railways.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse
    Surrender at Appomattox CourthouseOn April 3, Richmond fell to Union troops as Robert E. Lee led his Army of Northern Virginia in retreat to the West pursued by Grant and the Army of the Potomac. A running battle ensued as each Army moved farther to the West in an effort to out flank, or prevent being out flanked by the enemy. Finally, on April 7, General Grant initiated a series of dispatches leading to a meeting between the two commanders.
  • The Assassination of President Lincoln

    The Assassination of President Lincoln
    The Assasination of Abraham LincolnShortly after 10 p.m. on April 14, 1865, actor John Wilkes Booth entered the presidential box at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C., and fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln. As Lincoln slumped forward in his seat, Booth leapt onto the stage and escaped through the back door. A doctor in the audience rushed over to examine the paralyzed president. Lincoln was then carried across the street to Petersen's Boarding House, where he died early the next morning.
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    Important Events of the Civil War