History Population

Timeline created by jennagoldstein
In History
  • 30,000 BCE

    Bering Strait Land Bridge

    Bering Strait Land Bridge
    The Bering Strait Land Bridge was the passageway taken by the aboriginals from Asia to North America, which led to the population of aboriginals there before the Europeans got there.
  • 1534

    Jacques Cartier First Voyage

    Jacques Cartier First Voyage
    The King of France sent Jacques Cartier on a voyage for the following reasons; 1. Find new territory 2. Find precious resources 3. evangelize. He ended up finding cod by Newfoundland.
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier Second Voyage

    Jacques Cartier Second Voyage
    On his second voyage, he made his first contact with the aboriginals. He went further than his first voyage; he has contact in Stadacona and Hochelaga.
  • Quebec City

    Quebec City
    Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City in order to facilitate fur trade with Amerindians. Fur was in high demand in Europe, which led to more merchants and shipowners to go down to New France.
  • Company of 100 associates

    Company of 100 associates
    The King of France mandated the Company of 100 associates to populate the colony. The company only attracted a couple hundred colonists, it was under 4000 that they were expecting because there was a threat at sea. The British were at sea, so the French couldn't bring them across very easily.
  • Trois-rivière

    Samuel de Champlain put Sieur de Laviolette in charge of finding a second settlement at the confluence of the St. Maurice and St. Lawrence rivers; Trois-rivière. This was another place to populate in their newer land.
  • Ville-Marie

    Paul Comedy (Sieur de Maisonneuve) founded Ville-Marie close to the Iroquois. The purpose of this settlement was to evangelize the Amerindians and it became a major trading post because it was in the middle of the amerindian territory. This had expanded the population religious wise and even more came for the fur.
  • Intendant Jean Talon

    Intendant Jean Talon
    Implemented measures to ensure that the population increased and diversified with the engagés, soldiers, and the Fille du Roy. He would also be mandated to place birth incentives on the population.
  • Sevens' year war

    Sevens' year war
    Starting in 1756 and ending in 1763, the sevens' year war was taking place in Europe between the British and the French. Once the war ended, the British were victorious and got to sign the treaty of paris. This lead to the English taking over and english coming to the new territory.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    After the Seven years' war ended, France gave over New France to the British, who changed the name to the Province of Quebec.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    This was a document that officially gave British New France, English laws and Anglican church was put into place while catholicism and French laws were prohibited.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    To make sure the French were on the British side incase of war, they gave the French what they want with exceptions. The British gave them the French civil laws, they expanded the territory, gave them free practice of catholic faith and the oath of allegiance was replaced with one that no longer makes reference to protestant faith
  • Declaration of Independence of the United States of America

    Declaration of Independence of the United States of America
    During the American Revolution, the 13 colonies no longer wanted to be under British rules, they declared independence to be able to control their new country.
  • Constitutional Act

    Constitutional Act
    The loyalists who immigrated into Canada were granted tax free newly opened land, the Eastern Townships. This act also separated Canada into two; Lower Canada (french) and Upper Canada (english).
  • Rural Exodus

    Rural Exodus
    Starting in 1815 and ending in 1840, the rural exodus happened because the french Canadians were unhappy with all the immigrations taking their jobs. So, they moved to industrialized cities or the United States of America. A big decrease in population.
  • The Great Famine

    The Great Famine
    In Ireland, their main food source (potatoes) weren't compatible to eat, there were diseases and starvation. The Irish left to British North America and were quarantined in Grosse-île to fight off their diseases. If they were cleared, they tried to get any jobs possible for low salaries, which enraged the French.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    This act united both Canadas, forming one territory. The french were now considered a minority in united Canada. However, Canada had now two sections; Eastern and Western Canada.
  • The confederation

    The confederation
    Under the British North American act, the confederation had Quebec, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia form the Dominion of Canada.
  • National policy

    National policy
    The first prime minister of Canada, John A. MacDonald, placed immigration policies from 1867-1885. He wanted to populate the west before the united states of america did as well as to build a railroad.
  • Baby Boom

    Baby Boom
    Starting in 1946 and ending in 1964, this was period after the two world wars had ended. Allowing immigrants to immigrate again, also people were happy that the wars were over (they got married and started to have families). Which led to a big increase of population, called the Baby boom. Also, they needed to build more hospitals and schools.
  • Immigration Act

    Immigration Act
    This immigration act had specified specifications to allow immigrants to enter; British subjects, French citizens, US residents and asians that already had family in Canada were prioritized. This act also excluded some people, for instance the Pakistanis, Sri Lankans and asians without family in Canada.
  • White Paper

    White Paper
    In 1966-1967, the white paper had created a new policy; the criteria for letting immigrants come in was now based on skills, knowledge of French and level of English.
  • Immigration Act

    Immigration Act
    The immigration act was put into place to encourage population growth, enrich cultural heritage, facilitate family reunions, facilitate the adaptation of new residents into society and maintain humanitarian attitude towards refugees.
  • Bill 101

    Bill 101
    The Quebec government enacted on immigration; the Bill 101 protected the french language in Quebec and made it so immigrant children had to go to french school.
  • Brain Drain

    Brain Drain
    In the 200s, the Brain Drain was happening in Canada. The Brain Drain was when those who were the most skilled (ex: doctors) left to have better jobs as well as higher salaries.
  • Period:

    First occupants

  • Period: to

    french regime

  • Period: to

    British regime

  • Period: to

    contemporary period