History of Women in Policing

Timeline created by sarahhengstler in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Mohai 83 10 12318 matrons crop Police Matrons By the late 19th century many jails and prison employed matrons. Matrons were hired for the purpose of working with women and juveniles. While matrons did not have arrest powers and were not official police officers, they did show the need for females in law enforcement. (Horne, 2006) Dwight Wines conceded that "matrons who exhibited characteristics of middle-class homemakers might inspire female criminals to become respectable women." (Roth, 2011)
2078307 com lola baldw The first documented appointment of a woman with police powers Many historians argue over who was deemed the actual first police woman. Some argue Alice Stebbin Wells was the first sworn policewoman. Others argue Lola Baldwin as the first police woman. Lola Baldwin was sworn in as a detective in Portland, Oregon. Baldwin's duties were not that of her male counterparts. Baldwin worked more with crime prevention and social work rather than law enforcement. Baldwin did not wear a uniform. Her office was located in the local YMCA. (Horne, 2006)
Awells10topps206hemini The first woman with full police power was hired by Los Angelos Police Department Alice Stebbin Wells was the first woman to be called a policewoman. She was hired by the Los Angelos Police Department. Alice Stebbin Wells held two college degrees and was an assistant pastor and social worker. Alice was 37 years old when she was appointed to the Juvenile Bureau.

Alice was to handle all cases involving women and children. (Horne, 2006)
Iawp %20logo sm1 The International Association of Women Police The International Association of Women Police was organized in 1915. It was charted in Washington DC in 1926. Alice Stebbins Wells was the first president of the association. The association diminished during the depression era. (International Association of Police Women)
Gall5 9972 World War II (1941 - 1945) Policing changed during World War II. While men were off at war, women were needed to assist in law enforcement. Women completed clerical work and also took on the role of dispatcher.

(Feminist Majority Foundation's National Center for Women and Policing)
Lapd women 300x202 Increase in Women Police Officers The 1950's brought about an increase in the number of women police officers. "The 2,610 total policewomen in the United States in 1950 represented just 1% of the national total." (Roth, 2011). During this time there was a push to integrate the women officers with the male officers. (Feminist Majority Foundation's National Center for Women and Policing)
Timeline Rebirth of International Association of Police Women In 1956 the International Association of Police Women was brought back to life and reorganized. Doctor Lois Higgins was the president for eight years and then the executive director for a following twelve years. She was a thirty year member of the Chicago Police Department. (IAWP)
Eeoc Creation of the Equal Opportunity Commission One year after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed, the Equal Opportunity Commission took flight. The official operation of the EEOC began on July 2, 2965. (www.eeoc.gov) This helped in hoisting women into more equal police roles. (Roth, 2011)
68plymouth vi Women Assigned to Official Police Cars During the 1960's the women's movement was in full swing and the number of policewomen was multiplying. However, it was not until 1968, in Indianapolis, Indiana, when two women were assigned to an official police car. This marked a huge success for women in the law enforcement field. Women were transitioning from social workers to crimefighters. (Roth, 2011)
Recruit written Elimination of Seperate Police Force Applications In 1969, the Washington, DC, police chief eliminated separate police force applications for women and men. (Roth, 2011)
Timeline The Equal Employment Opportunity Act "Passage of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act prohibited discrimination by public and private employers." (Roth, 2011)
Harrington lg First Female Police Chief In January of 1985 the first female police chief was appointed to office. Penny Harrington climbed her way all the way to the top of Portland's police department. She filed some 40 sexual discrimination complaints against the department before her appointment of chief. (TIME, April 1986)
News feature 8964 First Female African American Police Chief October 26, 1994, Beverly Harvard was appointed Chief of Police for the Atlanta Police Department. Harvard was one of only 3 women and the first black woman to ever hold this rank. (New York Times, November 30, 1994) On October 20, 2010 Harvard was sworn in as the United States Marshal for the northern district of Georgia. (www.usmarshals.gov)
Police women of memphis Growing number of police women In the year 2000, women made up 13 percent of all police officers. (Feminist Majority Foundation)
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:

History of Women in Policing