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History of Multilingual Competency in the United States

Timeline created by Meccaz in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Cherokee small square The U.S. signs a treaty with Cherokee tribes The U.S. signed a treaty in which it recognizes the Cherokees their rights to speak their native language. In 1828, the Cherokee people demanded rights to speak their native language. Cherokees established a 21 school educational system that used the Cherokee syllabrary to accomplish a ninety percent literacy rate in their native language.
Evt130110175000084 small square Ohio adopts bilingual education Schools were requested by parents to have bilingual education.
Mapa mexico 1842 small square Mexican territory is annexed to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe
Inside are more reminders of wind rivers painful past like this photo of native chil small square The federal government forces Native-American children to attend off-reservation schools. Native-Americans were banned from speaking their nattive language. They were forced to go to schools away from their reservation as a punishment for speaking their language.
Images small square First Antibilingual educaitonal legislation has passed
American spanish war small square U.S. wins Spanish-American War and colonizes Puerto Rico and the Philippines
Timeline small square Meyer vs. Nebraska The Supreme Court bans an English-only law in a case brought by German Americans.
Phi lamda alpha 1922 rpi small square Del Rio Independent School District v. Salvatierra
Images2 small square Lemon Grove v. Álvarez
Timeline small square Massive IQ testing of Puerto Ricans in New York is used to justify widespread school placement of Spanish-speaking children two to three years below grade level
Japanese internment small square Japanese-language schools are closed
Map florida cuba miami small square Bilingual Education was reborn
9 cuba small square Immigrants fleeing the Cuban revolution demand Spanish-language schooling
53585236 small square The Civil Rights Act: Title VI
Clip image001 small square 10,000 Chicanos boycott schools in Los Angeles demanding bilingual education and more Latino teachers; boycotts spread across U.S.
3 small square ESEA Title VII offers funding for bilingual education programs. First bilingual kindergarten in New York City
1 small square A Group of non-speaking English Chinese students sued San Francisco Unified Schools district officials
Images4 small square Keyes v. School District No. 1, Denver, Colorado
Images5 small square The Equal Education Opportunities Act
Timeline small square Lau Remedies The May 25 (1975) Memorandum from the Office for Civil Rights (also called the Lau Remedies) mandated that school districts with more than 5 percent national-origin minority children must offer special language instruction for students with a limited command of English.
Timeline small square Ríos v. Read
Images7 small square Castañeda v. Pickard
6a00d8341bfae553ef012 small square Plyler v. Doe
Timeline small square Gómez v. Illinois State Board of Education
Images8 small square Florida Consent Decree
Images66 small square Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA), Public Law 108-446
061204 0888 small square Williams et al. v. State of California et al
Img022 small square No Child Left Behind Act, Title III
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:

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Méndez v. Westminster School District