History of Management

Timeline created by CadeStackpool
  • Time and Motion Studies

    Time and Motion Studies
    This analyzed every individual action that is needed in specific tasks and find the best and fastest routine to do the task. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth reached breakthroughs in this study and found a way to improve the management principles (Jones 2014).
  • Principles of Scientific Management

    Principles of Scientific Management
    Frederick Taylor wrote "Principles of Scientific Management" in 1911 describing careful measurements of all organizational tasks and made the tasks as standardized as possible. This type of technique worked well for businesses with assembly lines and other routine based activities (McNamara).
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    Henry Ford revolutionized the idea of managers and manufacturing in organizations by using an assembly line. Ford hired hundreds of inspectors to check on his employees and now days these would be considered managers or supervisors (Team 2014).
  • Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management

    Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management
    The 14 Principles of Management are the essentials to increase the efficiency of management. These principles have changed over the years, but as a whole they have lasted the test of time and are still the basics of management (Innovations 2008).
  • Mary Parker Follett

    Mary Parker Follett
    Follett is widely considered the mother of management thought. Follett believed in the management of the human side of the business. She believed authority shoul go with knowledge no matter where on the line it is (Jones 2014).
  • Bureaucratic Management Theory

    Bureaucratic Management Theory
    Max Weber focused on setting up organizations like hierarchies. This theory focused on strong lines of authority and control. This theory also developed detailed operating procedures for standard tasks (McNamara).
  • Human Relations Movement

    Human Relations Movement
    People started to realize that some of these theories were very harsh on the human body and mind and so the human relations movement focused on individuals and their own skills and capabilities. Almost every organization now has a Human Resource Department. The company will prosper if the workers prosper was one of the biggest beliefs in this movement (McNamara).
  • Systems Theory

    Systems Theory
    Systems theory focuses on every piece of the system and if its missing it will no longer work. Systems include inputs, these are raw materials and people, systems also have processes where the four functions of management are used to meet a goal. Next systems have outputs and these are the products or services. Outcomes of the system are enhanced quality of life by using these products. Lastly feedback in a system is all about influences from outside sources (McNamara).
  • Contigency Theory

    Contigency Theory
    The contigency theory is one of the best approaches for management. It states that every situation is different and you should understand all aspects of the situation and act on those specific aspects and most of the time it will be different than any other situation (McNamara).
  • SWOT Analysis

    SWOT Analysis
    SWOT Analysis is a ist of organized data of your organization's greatest strngths, weaknesses, opportunites, and threats. Both existing businesses and new businesses use SWOT to either asses a changing environment or to start you on the track and save a lot of time and money later (Berry, 2008).
  • Information Systems Management

    Information Systems Management
    ISM applies information technology to support the major functions. These systems are developed for and used by people in different areas, such as HR, accounting, and finance (Technology).
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    When OSHA was passed orginzations needed to rely on managers even more in order to monitor the safety and health of the workplace (Timeline).
  • Steve Jobs & Apple

    Steve Jobs & Apple
    Apple has many great management styles that they use. One is putting your best people on your most important project. Apple is also know for their secrets, no one outside Apple knows anything until it is released. Apple also starts with the design and lets that build the rest of the product and they are pay very close attention to detail. Apple's biggest management style is to focus on the customer (Yarow, 2012).
  • Excellent Companies

    Excellent Companies
    Peters and Waterman looked at the best performing organizations and came up with three conclusions to why they are better.
    1. Top managers allow middle managers to develop new products and are closely involved in day-to-day activity.
    2. Create one central plan that puts the goals on center stage.
    3. Establish a division of work and divisions of authority and responsibility (Jones 2014).
  • Drug Testing

    Drug Testing
    Drug testing in the workplace helped push the safety of work to another level. These tests helped the managers a lot because now they do not have to spend as much time seeing if people are on drugs making the workplace unsafe (No Author, 2010).
  • Donald Trump

    Donald Trump
    Donald Trump came up with an "in your face" management style with embathy. Trump is known to be always absolute on his decisions but takes his time and thinks about it carefully. Trump puts a face to one of the most influential people in management (Zucker 2006).
  • Jerry Jones

    Jerry Jones
    Jerry Jones, owner of the Dallas Cowboys as well as General Manager, revolutionized the way the NFL's managers act. He was a very aggressive manager that people now copy on a daily basis (Horn 2013).
  • Jordan Belfort

    Jordan Belfort
    Jordn Belfort used daily motivational speeches and special sales-training to give him a name "a motivator without peer." Belfort built a very successful sales-organization that was built around those priniciples (No Author 2012).
  • Senge's Five Disciplines

    Senge's Five Disciplines
    Shared vision, mental models, personal mastery, team learning, and systems thinking are the five disciplines and these help leaders thrive on change and constantly innovate (Cooper, 2004).
  • Enron

    Enron
    Enron was a case of very bad management. The owner and CEO both understand that the company was going under and they selfishly made a quick buck (Library 2014).