History of Film

Timeline created by ms163909
In Film
  • Sallie Gardner at a Gallop

    Sallie Gardner at a Gallop
    "Sallie Gardner at a Gallop", created by Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904), was made accidentally when a $25,000 bet came into play. Muybridge and a few of his "chums", if you will, had an argument over whether or not a horse could have four hooves off the ground at one specific time. Determined to prove his stance, Muybridge organized the setup, and cameras were flashing. If they went through the images quickly, the brain would be tricked into thinking the horse was moving.
  • The Zoopraxiscope

    The Zoopraxiscope
    The Zoopraxiscope was created by Eadweard Muybridge, and it may be considered the first ever movie projector. The Zoopraxiscope projected images from rotating glass disks in rapid succession to give the impression of motion. The stop-motion images were initially painted onto the glass, as silhouettes. Images from all of the known seventy-one surviving zoopraxiscope discs have been reproduced in the book "Eadweard Muybridge: The Kingston Museum Bequest" (The Projection Box, 2004).
  • A Clash of Events

    A Clash of Events
    George Eastman (1854-1932) was an American entrepreneur who founded the Eastman Kodak Company and popularized the use of roll film, which was the basis for the invention of motion picture film in 1888 by the world's first film-makers Eadweard Muybridge and Louis Le Prince. George Eastman filed for a patent for his photographic film before Louis Aimé Augustin Le Prince creates the first motion picture films created eon paper rolls of film.
  • The Kinetoscope

    The Kinetoscope
    The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. It was designed for films to be viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole viewer window at the top of the device. It introduced the basic approach that would become the standard for all cinematic projection before the advent of video, by creating the illusion of movement by conveying a strip of perforated film bearing sequential images over a light source with a high-speed shutter.
  • Fred Ott's Sneeze

    Fred Ott's Sneeze
    Thomas Edison (1847-1931) films his assistant, Fred Ott, sneezing with the kinetoscope at the "Black Maria", which was a motion-picture studio Edison built near his laboratory, the name dubbed by his staff. In order for Fred Ott to sneeze, he takes a pinch of snuff, a smokeless tobacco made from ground or pulverized tobacco leaves to create the infamous "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" (1894). Ott stars in another motion-picture film "Fred Ott Holding a Bird" (1894). HMMM INTERESTING
  • Printing the Negative

    Printing the Negative
    Cecil Hepworth (1874-1953) was a British film director, producer, and screenwriter. He printed the negative of the forwards motion backwards frame by frame, so producing a print in which the original action was exactly reversed. To do this he built a special printer in which the negative running through the projector was projected into the gate of the camera through a special lens giving a same-size image. "Projection printer", if you will, escalated into "optical printer" as the name.
  • The First Animated Cartoon

    The First Animated Cartoon
    Émile Cohl's film "Fantasmagorie" is likely to be the first all-animated film in history. Fantasmagorie is defined as "a constantly shifting complex succession of things seen or imaged." For this film, which takes about a minute and 20 seconds, he had to draw about 700 pictures which he photographed later.
  • The Change

    The Change
    The 1910s saw the origins of Hollywood as the center of the American film industry relocated from New York to California. By 1912, major motion-picture companies had set up production near or in Los Angeles. The weather was ideal and there was quick access to various settings. During the First World War the film industries of Europe were devastated, and Hollywood replaced the French and Italian firms as the most popular film makers in the world.
  • Sound on Film

    Sound on Film
    The transition to sound-on-film technology occurred mid-decade with the talkies developed in 1926-1927, following experimental techniques begun in the late 1910s. Fox Studios and the Warner Brothers were crucial in the development and acceptance of the technology of sound in motion pictures. Sound also greatly changed the Hollywood approach to storytelling, with more dependence on dialogue and less creative use of the visual element.
  • The First Oscars

    The First Oscars
    The first Academy Awards was at The Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel and it was hosted by Douglas Fairbanks. 270 people attended the event and the presentation ceremony lasted fifteen minutes. It is the only Academy Awards not to be broadcast either on radio or television. Radio broadcast was introduced the following year in 1930.
  • The Golden Age

    The Golden Age
    In the Golden Age, many concepts were created: Remakes are when a film is remade to add a special flair; Monsters contained a wide spectrum of stereotypical monsters; Sequels/spin-offs are an add-on to a movie previously made; and Stars are best known performers in acting and film history. The uncertainty of the era resulted in widespread popularity of fantastical, escapist fare. Swashbuckling adventures and the safe scares of the Universal Horror films were highly successful during this period.
  • B&W Cinema

    B&W Cinema
    Black-and-white cinema is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts. They combine black and white in a continuum producing a range of shades of gray. While some color processes were experimented with and in limited use from the earliest days of motion pictures, the switch from most films being in black-and-white to most being color was gradual.
  • Hitchcockian

    Hitchcockian
    Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock (1899-1980) was an English film director and producer, referred to as the "Master of Suspense". He had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies. Hitchcock's stylistic trademarks include the use of camera movement that mimics a person's gaze. In addition, he framed shots to maximize anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative forms of film editing, a technical part of the post-production process of filmmaking.
  • 3D Film

    3D Film
    3D Film, a film format, is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension. The most common approach to the production of 3D films is derived from stereoscopic photography. They became BANANAS MUST HAVE BANANAS big in the 1950s in American cinema, and later experienced a worldwide resurgence in the 1980s and 1990s driven by IMAX high-end theaters and Disney themed-venues.
  • Marilyn Monroe

    Marilyn Monroe
    Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; 1926-1962) was an American actress, model and singer. Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962. Speaking of her death, she died at the age of 36 from an overdose of barbiturates. Some theorized that her death could have been a suicide.
  • Color in Film

    Color in Film
    Film colorization is any process that adds color to black-and-white, sepia, or other monochrome moving-picture images. The first film colorization methods were hand done by individuals. Computerized colorization began in the 1970s with a process developed by Wilson Markle. Movies using early techniques have soft contrast and fairly pale, flat, washed-out color; however, the technology has improved since the 1980s.
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom

    Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
    This is a 1984 American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. Executive Producer and co-writer George Lucas decided to make the film a prequel as he did not want the Nazis to be the villains again. The film was released to financial success, but initial reviews were mixed, which criticized its violence, later contributing to the creation of the PG-13 rating. However, critical opinion has improved since 1984, citing the film's intensity and imagination.
  • The Lion King

    The Lion King
    Spoiler: Mufasa dies. The Lion King is a 1994 American animated epic musical film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The Lion King was released on June 15, 1994, to a positive reaction from critics, who praised the film for its music, story, and animation; it finished its theatrical run as the highest-grossing release of 1994 and the second highest-grossing film of all time. The Lion King garnered two Academy Awards for its achievement in music.
  • The Lord of the Rings

    The Lord of the Rings
    The Lord of the Rings is a film series consisting of three high fantasy adventure films directed by Peter Jackson. They are based on the novel "The Lord of the Rings" by J.R.R. Tolkien. They are a New Zealand-American venture produced by WingNut Films and The Saul Zaentz Company and distributed by New Line Cinema. The series was received with overwhelming praise and was a major financial success, with the films collectively being the highest-grossing film series of all time.
  • 20th Century Fox 75th

    20th Century Fox 75th
    Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation is an American film studio currently owned by the 21st Century Fox. It is one of the "Big Six" major American film studios and is located in the Century City area of Los Angeles, just west of Beverly Hills. 20th Century fox celebrated its 75th year in 2010.