History of Christian Worship

Timeline created by Proffreezer
In History
  • 33

    First Deacons Appointed

    There function was to take Communion to the sick.
  • 37

    Church in Antioch

    A church is established in Antioch. The church is beginning to spread.
  • 55

    Paul Describes Eucharist

    1 Corinthians chapters 11 and 14 describe the pattern of worship
  • 70

    Destruction of Jerusalem

    This causes a scattering of any of the believers left in the Jerusalem area.
  • 95

    Book of Revelation Written

    It is a Christian Apocalyptic writing given "in the Spirit on the Lord's Day." Practice of getting together on Sundays is hinted at.
  • 96

    1 Clement

    A letter from the church of Rome to the church in Corinth - echoes Communion prayers
  • 100

    Didache

    Earliest church service book, describes agape meal (and Communion) Scandalous rumors begin that Christians in their worship practice cannibalism and incest. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, in letters against the Docetists (those who say Christ only seemed human), stresses the "reality" of Christ's flesh and blood in the Eucharist.
  • 112

    Pliny Interrogates Christians

    Pliny, governor of Bithynia, interrogates Christians about their meetings.
  • 125

    2 Clement

    The earliest extant Christian sermon on record.
  • 155

    Justin Martyr Apology

    Justin Martyr explains Christian worship to critics.
  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Constantine allows Christianity to be legalized as a religion.
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    The first effort to attain consensus primarily on the divine nature of Jesus as God's Son. The earliest development of the Nicean Creed.
  • 381

    Council of Constantinople

    2nd major council of Christianity. Dealt primarily with the Arian controversy. Affirmed the Nicean Creed to what we know today.
  • 410

    Fall of Rome

    Rome is attacked by the Visigoths. It is considered the landmark event that ushered in the fall of the Roman Empire.
  • 452

    Pope Leo I defeats Attila the Hun

    As a result Pope Leo I gains authority over the other bishops and claims the bishop of Rome is successor to Apostle Peter.
  • 460

    St. Patrick of Ireland

    Returns to Ireland after being in slavery since being 16 years old. Undertakes a great missionary work in Ireland.
  • 480

    Organization of Western Monasticism

    Benedict of Nursia establishes his holy order and develops a rule of living for the people there.
  • 529

    Benedict of Nursia

    Establishes a monastery of Monte Cassino and the Benedictine Order. Benedict's "Rule" for monks will become the most influential over future centuries.
  • 540

    Benedictine Rule

    Benedict of Nursia establishes his "rule" by which those who take the vows of the order must follow. It influences the spirituality of the Church for centuries after.
  • 638

    Islamic Capture of Jerusalem

  • 664

    Synod of Whitby

    England adopts the Roman Catholic faith after a conflict with the Celtic church and the Roman missionaries.
  • 831

    Radbertus

    He publishes first writing in the West on the Eucharist. It provokes controversy and anticipates later Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation
  • 988

    Byzantine Liturgy

    A order of worship predominant within Eastern Christianity.
  • 993

    Santoral Calendar

    A way of venerating the saints is established and saints are canonized.
  • 1009

    Destruction of the Holy Sepulcher

    Moslems sack Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. 
  • 1050

    Celibacy of Priests

    Within the Western Church all priests are required to remain celibate.
  • 1054

    East-West Schism

    The Western (Roman) and Eastern Church split apart.
  • 1085

    Pope Gregory VII

    The death of Pope Gregory VII - he led several significant reforms within the western Church.
  • 1215

    Forth Lateran Council

    The doctrine of transubstantiation is adopted by the Western Church.
  • 1301

    Plague

    Bubonic Plague kills many in Europe.
  • 1350

    Humanism

    Rise of Humanism - which unlike Secular humanism was based on the human experience in relationship with the Almighty God.
  • 1450

    Printing Press

    The move-able type printing press is invented increasing the speed and decreasing the cost of reproducing texts. Allowed for more broad distribution of the Bible among other texts.
  • 1517

    95 Theses of Luther

    In objection to the Roman Church, Martin Luther nails his 95 theses/objections to the Wittenberg Cathedral door.
  • 1520

    Translation of the Bible into German and English

    During the 1520s Luther translates the Bible into German and Tyndale translates the Bible into English
  • 1525

    Anabaptist Reformation begins

    Swiss Anabaptists separate from the the reformer Zwingli in Zurich, Switzerland.
  • King James Version established

  • Thirty Years War Begins

    Protestant vs. Catholic war throughout central Europe.
  • Pilgrims land on American soil

  • Westminster Confession is written

  • Book of Common Prayer Re-established

  • Pilgrim's Progress written

    John Bunyan writes the famous Pilgrim's Progress
  • Methodist Movement Begins

    Started by John and Charles Wesley.
  • French Revolution

    The French Revolution ushered in secularism within France. This aspect of the Enlightenment spread throughout Europe.
  • Revival at Cane Ridge

    One of the famous revivals in America
  • Earliest broadcast of a Christian TV Show

  • Period:
    30
    to
    150

    New Testament Era

  • Period:
    54
    to
    68

    Emperor Nero

    Nero persecutes Christians relentlessly
  • Period:
    150
    to
    350

    Early Church Era

  • Period:
    150
    to
    180

    Quartodeciman Controversy

    Controversy over the proper day (Sunday or weekday) to celebrate Easter.
  • Period:
    350
    to
    1054

    Holy Catholic Church

  • Period:
    540
    to
    604

    Pope Gregory the Great

    Gives the mass much of the shape it has today. Gregorian chant is named after him.
  • Period:
    570
    to
    629

    Mohammed

    Mohammed begins the Islamic religion which begins to supplant Christianity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • Period:
    600
    to
    700

    Use of Organs

    Organs begin to be used as part of worship
  • Period:
    726
    to
    843

    Iconoclasm Controversy

    A conflict between Iconophiles (those in favor of images) and Iconoclasts (those who saw images as idolatry).
  • Period:
    730
    to
    780

    Music Training

    Schools for church music are establised at Paris, Cologne, Soissin, and Metz.
  • Period:
    810
    to
    877

    John Scotus Erigena

    one of the greatest theologiaves of tearly middle ages, helps pave way for scholasticism. Involved in eucharistic controversy with Radbertus and maintains in the supper we partake of the Lord "mentally not dentally."
  • Period:
    900
    to
    1000

    Expansion of Christianity

    Christianity extends to eastern Europe and into Scandinavia
  • Period:
    950
    to
    1000

    End Times

    As the dawn of the millennia approaches people fear the end of the world and the Last Judgement. A moral low-point of the papacy is demonstrated.
  • Period:
    1054
    to
    1517

    Post-Schism Church Era

  • Period:
    1095
    to
    1270

    The Crusades

    The church approves the mobilization of armies to fight and retake significant religious cities and sites in the Eastern Church. Crusades are focused on freeing Jerusalem, Constantinople, Antioch, Alexandria. There were seven significant mobilizations sanctioned by the Roman Church.
  • Period:
    1182
    to
    1226

    Saint Francis of Assisi

    Lifespan of this remarkable radical follower of Jesus.
  • Period:
    1380
    to
    1471

    Thomas a Kempis

    Lifespan of this Thomas a Kempis
  • Period:
    1517
    to

    Reformation Era

  • Period: to

    Protestant/Evangelical Worship

  • Period: to

    John Wesley

  • Period: to

    John Newton

    Newton has a storied life as a slave-trader who eventually enters ministry and influences Wilberforce who fought to abolish slavery. Newton is also known for writing Amazing Grace.
  • Period: to

    Fanny Crosby

    Fanny Crosby was a prolific American gospel songwriter.
  • Period: to

    Contemporary Worship

  • Period: to

    Azusa Street Revival

    The beginning of the Pentecostal movement.