|Event Date:||Event Title:||Event Description:|
|Florence Nightingale Modern Nursing||Gabrillo
1860 – Florence Nightingale, credited with founding modern nursing and creating the first educational system for nurses, ”opened a school of nursing at St. Thomas’s Hospital in London” (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.147).
|First U.S. Training School for Nurses||Gabrillo
1872 – First training schools for nurses in the United States were established, with the course of study of 1-year in length. These are the Bellevue Hospital in New York, the New England Hospital for Women in New Haven Connecticut, and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.147)
|Hospital-Based Nursing Programs||Gabrillo
1900 – 432 hospital-owned and hospital-operated school programs for nursing were developed in the United States with training programs from 6 months to 2 years, and each school setting its own standards and requirements. A diploma was awarded after graduation. The diploma program identified hospital-based nursing education programs. Primary reason for the school existence was to staff the hospitals that operated them. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p. 147)
|First Baccalaureate Nursing Program||Gabrillo
1909 – first baccalaureate nursing program was established at the University of Minnesota. The program was part of the University’s School of Medicine and followed the 3-year diploma program structure. Despite its many limitations, it was the start of the movement to bring nursing education into the recognized system of higher education. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.150)
1923 – The Goldman Report was published. A study focused on clinical learning experiences of students, hospital control of the schools, the desirability of establishing university schools of nursing, the lack of funds specifically for nursing education, and the lack of prepared teachers. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.148)
|First University-based Nursing School||Gabrillo
1924 – Yale School of Nursing was opened as the first nursing school to be established as a separate university department with an independent budget and its own dean, Annie W. Goodrich. The school demonstrated effectiveness so well that in 1929 the Rockefeller Foundation ensured the permanency of the school by awarding it an endowment of $1 million. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.148)
|Diploma School for Nursing||Gabrillo
1937 – National League of Nursing Education (1937) published “A Curriculum Guide for Schools of Nursing, outlining a 3-year curriculum and influencing the structure of diploma schools for decades after its publication” (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.148).
|The Brown Report||Gabrillo
1948 – the Brown Report sponsored by the Carnegie Foundation was published. This widely reviewed, discussed, and debated report recommended that basic schools of nursing be placed in the universities and colleges, with efforts made to recruit men and minorities into nursing education programs. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.150)
|Decline in the Diploma Nursing Programs||Gabrillo
1960 – “there were approximately 800 diploma programs in the United States. Today there are only 62 (National League of Nursing, 2006a)” (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.149). Presently, most diploma programs are about 24 months in duration.
|Baccalaureate Education as Basic Nursing Foundation||Gabrillo
1965 –“ American Nurses Association (ANA) published a position paper entitled Educational Preparation for Nurse Practitioners and Assistants to Nurses. It concluded that the baccalaureate education should become the basic foundation for professional practice” (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.150).
|The Lysaught Report||Gabrillo
1970 – The Lysaught Report was published, “with recommendations concerning the supply and demand of nurses, nursing roles and functions, and nursing education” (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.151).
|Affirmation of the Baccalaureate Nursing Degree||Gabrillo
1982 – National League in Nursing (NLN) approved the Position Statement on Nursing Roles: Scope and Preparation, which affirm the nursing baccalaureate degree as the minimum educational level for professional practice and the associate degree or diploma as the preparation for technical nursing practice. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.151)
|Baccalaureate Degree: Minimal Preparation for Nursing Practice||Gabrillo
1996 – American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) board approved a position statement, The Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing as Minimal Preparation for Professional Practice. This supports, among other things, articulated programs, which enable associate degree nurses to attain the baccalaureate degree. This document was updated in 2000. (Chitty & Black, 2010, p.151)