Events of the American Civil War

Timeline created by Tim Hargesheimer in History
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Lincoln2 Abraham Lincoln Elected Abraham Lincoln receives 40% of the popular vote to become the 16th President of the United States
Secession%20of%20southern%20states%20%281861%29 Secession Begins South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas
Jeffdavis Jefferson Davis Elected Jefferson Davis elected first President of the Confederate States of America
Fort%20sumter%20 %20april%2014,%201861 The War Begins Fort Sumter attacked by Southern troops and eventually surrendered after supplies run out
A%20nation%20divided%20 %201861 1865 Secession Grows Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy with a population of 9 million, including nearly 4 million slaves. The Union will soon have 21 states and a population of over 20 million.
General%20robert%20e.%20lee Lee Takes Command General Robert E. Lee declines leadership of Union Army and accepts command of the naval forces of Virginia
First bull run july21 1861%20%28union%20retreat%29 First Bull Run The Union Army suffers defeat just outside Washington D,C,
George%20b.%20mcclellan McClellan Takes Command Lincoln appoints General George B. McClellan general and chief of all Union forces
Ulysses%20s.%20grant "Unconditional Surrender" Grant Victory for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson. Grant earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.
Monitor%20battle War at Sea The Confederate Ironclad 'Merrimac' sinks two wooden Union ships then battles the Union Ironclad 'Monitor' to a draw.
Shiloh%20field%20map Shiloh Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined.
David%20farragut New Orleans Taken 17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River then take New Orleans, the South's greatest seaport. In a later battle, he utters the phrase, "Damn the torpedos; full speed ahead"
General%20robert%20e.%20lee Lee Takes Command Lee takes command of southern troops as General Joseph Johnston is injured during the Battle of Seven Pines, 31 March 1862
Seven%20days%20battles%20 %20beaver dam creek The Seven Days' Battles The Seven Days Battles end as Lee attacks McClellan near Richmond, resulting in very heavy losses for both armies. McClellan then begins a withdrawal back toward Washington.
Bull%20run%202 Second Bull Run 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia.
Antietam%20dead Antietam The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.
Ambrose%20burnside Lincoln Replaces McClellan Lincoln, growing tired and frustrated with McClellan's procrastination, replaces him as commander with Ambrose Burnside.
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights. "We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks.
Emancipation%20proclamation Emancipation National Archives and Records Administration Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in the territories engaged in rebellion
Draft%20riots%20 %201863 Draft in the North The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute. "The blood of a poor man is as precious as that of the wealthy," poor Northerners complain. Draft Riots occur in New York, 13-16 July
Chanc 110pa Chancellorsville After four days of fighting, the Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.
Devil's%20den%20at%20gettysburg Gettysburg Battle of Gettysburg
Vicksburg Vicksburg The last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to Gen. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege.
Fred doug Douglass meets Lincoln Frederick Douglass meets Abraham Lincoln and calls for full equality for "Negro Troops"
Chickamauga print Chickamauga A decisive Confederate victory by Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga leaves Gen. William S. Rosecrans' Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga, Tennessee under Confederate siege.
Gettysburg%20address%20 %20page%20one Gettysburg Address Lincoln delivers a two minute speech at Gettysburg, dedicating the battlefield
Missionary ridge print%20 %20chattanooga Chattanooga The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends as Union forces under Grant defeat the siege army of Gen. Braxton Bragg. During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.
Sherman2 Grant Promoted; Replaced by Sherman President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. Gen. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
Cold%20harbor%20plans%20 %20grant Cold Harbor Grant loses 7,000 troops in twenty minutes after the attack at Cold Harbor in Virginia
Atlanta%20 %20federal%20camp%20 %20sherman Sherman Takes Atlanta "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," Sherman telegraphs Lincoln. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election.
Lincoln%20 %20last%20photo Lincoln Re-Elected Lincoln wins re-election as President of the United States
Sherman burning railroad march%20to%20the%20sea Sherman's March to the Sea After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts.
Nashville historic map 925 Nashville Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Federals including Negro troops under Gen. George H. Thomas. The Confederate Army of Tennessee ceases as an effective fighting force.
13th amendment m Thirteenth Amendment National Archives The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery. The amendment is then submitted to the states for ratification.
Lincoln%20 %202nd%20inauguration Lincoln Inaugurated Inauguration ceremonies for President Lincoln in Washington. "With malice toward none; with charity for all...let us strive on to finish the work we are do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations," Lincoln says.
Petersburg%20 %20trench warfare Lee's Last Offensive The last offensive for Lee's Army of Northern Virginia begins with an attack on the center of Grant's forces at Petersburg. Four hours later the attack is broken.
Ruins of richmond, va , 1865   nara   524883 Richmond Evacuated Grant's forces begin a general advance and break through Lee's lines at Petersburg. Confederate Gen. Ambrose P. Hill is killed. Lee evacuates Petersburg. The Confederate Capital, Richmond, is evacuated. Fires and looting break out. The next day, Union troops enter and raise the Stars and Stripes.
Whc 1865 lc b811  3376 Lincoln Tours Confederate White House Lincoln tours Richmond after its capture, sits at Jefferson Davis' desk in the Confederate White House
Appomattox%20court%20house%20 %20lee%20surrenders Lee Surrenders Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.
Lincoln%20assassination Lincoln Assassinated The Stars and Stripes is ceremoniously raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head. Doctors attend to the president in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regains consciousness.
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The American Civil War The History Place: A Nation Divided Almost all of the dates and historical information was found at The History Place: A Nation Divided - The American Civil War 1861-1865. Images were gathered at this site, as well as from several other sites.