Robert Carter led the NAACP legal team into trial.
Significance: In August, a three-judge panel at the U. S. District Court unanimously held in the Brown v. Board of Education case that "no willful, intentional or substantial discrimination" existed in Topeka’s schools. The U. S. District Court found that the physical facilities in White and Black schools were comparable and that the lower court’s decisions in Sweatt v. Painter and McLaurin only applied to graduate education.
1951 October Gebhart et al. v. Belton et al.; Gebhart et al. v. Bulah et al.; Belton et al. v. Gebhart et al.; Bulah et al. v. Gebhart et al. (BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION)
These cases went to trial.
1952 March Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, VA (BROWN V BOARD OF EDUCATION)
The U. S. District court found in favor of the school board under the theory of "separate but equal."
Significance: The U. S. District Court unanimously rejected the Davis plaintiffs’ request to order desegregation of Prince Edward County, VA, schools, ordering the "equalization" of Black schools instead.
1952 October The Bundling of the Brown v. Board Cases (BROWN V BOARD OF EDUCATION)
Days before arguments were to be heard in Briggs and Brown, the Supreme Court announced a postponement. Three weeks later, the Court announced that it would also hear the Delaware cases, as well as Davis v. Prince Edward County and the District of Columbia case, Bolling et al. v. Sharpe et al.
The Supreme Court announced that it would hear oral arguments in Briggs and Brown during the upcoming October 1952 term.
1952 AprilGebhart et al. v. Belton et al.; Gebhart et al. v. Bulah et al.; Belton et al. v. Gebhart et al.; Bulah et al. v. Gebhart et al.(BROWN V BOARD OF EDUCATION)
A Delaware court ruled that the plaintiffs were entitled to immediate admission to White public schools.
Significance: In both of the Gebhart cases, the court ruled that the plaintiffs were being denied equal protection of the law and ordered that the 11 children involved be immediately admitted to Delaware’s White schools. The board of education appealed the decision.