DCUSH 1302 Timeline

Timeline created by Jadzia Sterling
In History
  • The Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act
    The homestead act were a few United States federal laws that gave an man ownership of land, at no cost. More than 270 million acres of public land, or nearly 10 percent of the total area of the U.S., was given away free to 1.6 million people who needed it ; most of these homesteads were west of the Mississippi River.
  • Morrill Land Grant College Act

    Morrill Land Grant College Act
    The Morrill Land Grant Act was an act to fund new universities (usually in the west) through taxes on the sale of public land. These new universities were mostly to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life. In which today we know them as (A & M) colleges.
  • Standard Oil Trust

    Standard Oil Trust
    The Standard Oil Trust was formed by the most famous John D. Rockerfeller. he did end up changing the name to Standard Oil Company after deciding to buy out all of the competition and make up one large company. The trust had quickly become an industral strong power. This Trust had established the U.S and other countries around the world with markin, refining,transportation etc. The Trust broke up in 1911, which led to the skyrocketing of the trust's stock prices.
  • Robber Barons

    Robber Barons
    The Term Robber Barons came when The New York Times used it to characterize the unethical business practices by Cornelius Vanderbilt. Historian T.J. Stiles says the metaphor, "conjures up visions of titanic monopolists who crushed competitors, rigged markets, and corrupted government. In their greed and power, legend has it, they held sway over a helpless democracy."
  • Promontory Point, Utah

    Promontory Point, Utah
    The Central had completed the first rail route through the Sierra Nevada mountains, and was now moving down towards the Interior Plains and the Union Pacific line. More than 4,000 workers, of whom 2/3 were Chinese, had laid more than 100 mi of track at altitudes above 7,000 ft. In May the rail heads of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads finally met at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory.
  • Child Labor

    Child Labor
    In the late 1700 through 1800 , power-driven machines replaced hand labor for making most manufactured items. Factories began to spring up everywhere, first in England and then in the United States. The factory owners found a new source of labor to run their machines — children. Operating the power-driven machines did not require adult strength, and children could be hired more cheaply than adults. By the mid-1800's, child labor was a major problem.
  • Montgomery Ward

    Montgomery Ward
    Montgomery Ward was founded by Aaron Montgomery Ward. After several years of working as a traveling salesman among rural customers. He observed that rural customers often wanted "city" goods, but their only access to them was through rural retailers who had little competition and did not offer any guarantee of quality. Ward also believed that by eliminating intermediaries, he could cut costs and make a wide variety of goods available to rural customers.
  • Battle of Little Big Horn

    Battle of Little Big Horn
    The Battle of Little Horn was a battle mainly for a uneducated man who just wanted to be a hero and get his name out there. This man was George Cluster whom led offensives on the Native Indian tribe. He underestimated the size of the tribes and his group and him were totally outnumbered. However even though he died and everyone who was with him, the media portrayed Custer as a hero and sough out to further natives on reservation.
  • Exodusters

    African Americans were given the name "exodusters" whom were the ones that migrated from states along the Mississippi River to get to Kansas.The 1879 exodus removed approximately 6,000 African-Americans primarily from Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Many had heard rumors of free transportation all the way to Kansas, but they were sorely disappointed when they discovered that such a luxury did not exist. However, blacks continued to leave for Kansas.
  • Light Bulb

    Light Bulb
    Thomas Edison used this carbon-filament bulb in the first public demonstration of his most famous invention—the light bulb, the first practical electric incandescent lamp. The light bulb creates light when electrical current passes through the metal filament wire, heating it to a high temperature until it glows. The hot filament is protected from air by a glass bulb that is filled with inert gas. The demonstration took place at Edison’s Menlo Park, N.J., laboratory on New Year's Eve, 1879.
  • Tenements

    In the 19th century, more and more people began crowding into America’s cities, including thousands of newly arrived immigrants seeking a better life than the one they had left behind. In New York City–where the population doubled every decade from 1800 to 1880–buildings that had once been single-family dwellings were increasingly divided into multiple living spaces to accommodate this growing population.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism is a term about thinking and theories that emerged in the second half of the 19th century and tried to apply the evolutionary concept of natural selection to human society. The term itself emerged in the 1880s, and it gained widespread currency when used after 1944 by opponents of these ways of thinking. The majority of those who have been categorized as social Darwinists did not identify themselves by such a label.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    The Chinese Exclusion Act was provided for an absolute 10-year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration This act.was the first significant law restricting immigration into the United States. Those on the West Coast were especially affected to the declining wages and economic ills on the hated Chinese workers.
  • Texas Courthouses

    Texas Courthouses
    In 1858 the Texas legislature established Taylor County, named for Alamo defenders Edward, James, and George Taylor, from lands formerly assigned to Bexar and Travis counties. Taylor County was attached to Travis and Bexar counties for judicial and administrative purposes until 1873, when these responsibilities were assigned to Eastland County. Partly due to the presence of Indians, the area remained largely unsettled.
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    The Pendleton Act is a federal law of the United States.In which was passed due to the assassination of President James A. Garfield by a disgruntled job seeker. Also this act provided Federal Government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit and that Government employees be selected through competitive exams.
  • Time Zones

    Time Zones
    Time zones were invented for the people to keep track of the railroads and not get confused.Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    The Haymarkey riot was a labot protest that turned into a riot once someone threw a bomb at a police. The Haymarket Riot was viewed a setback for the organized labor movement in America, which was fighting for such rights as the eight-hour workday. This Riot was viewed a setback for the organized labor movement in America, which was fighting for such rights as the eight-hour workday
  • Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)

    Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
    In 1887 Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act, making the railroads the first industry to Federal regulation. Congress passed the law largely in response to public demand that railroad operations be regulated. The act also established a five-member enforcement board known as the Interstate Commerce Commission. In the years following the Civil War, railroads were privately owned and entirely unregulated. The railroad companies held a natural monopoly in the areas that only they serviced.
  • Dawes Severalty Act

    Dawes Severalty Act
    Dawes Severalty Act were to end tribal and communal rights of Native Americans in order to stimulate assimilation of them into mainstream American society, to transfer lands under Indian control to the white common man and thereby lift Native Americans out of poverty. Individual household ownership of land and subsistence farming on the European-American model was seen as an essential step. The act provided that the government would classify as "excess" those Indian reservation lands.
  • Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show

    Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
    Buffalo Bill's Wild West shows were traveling vaudeville performances in the United States and Europe. The shows began as theatrical stage productions and evolved into open-air shows that depicted the cowboys, Native American Indians, army scouts, outlaws, and wild animals that existed in the American West. The shows introduced many western performers and personalities, and romanticized the American frontier to a wide audience.This show is why we we think of the west they way we do today.
  • Hull House

    Hull House
    Hull House was a settlement house in the United States founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. Located in Chicago, Illinois, Hull House opened to recently arrived European immigrants. In 1912 the Hull House complex was completed with the addition of a summer camp, the Bowen Country Club. With its innovative social, educational, and artistic programs, Hull House became the standard bearer for the movement that had grown, by 1920, to almost 500 settlement houses nationally.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    The Sherman Anti-trust Act is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law passed by Congress in 1890. It allowed certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be competitive, and recommended the federal government to investigate and pursue trusts.The law attempts to prevent the artificial raising of prices by restriction of trade or supply.
  • Holding Companies

    Holding Companies
    A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock. A holding company usually does not produce goods or services itself; rather, its purpose is to own shares of other companies to form a corporate group. Holding companies allow the reduction of risk for the owners and can allow the ownership and control of a number of different companies.
  • The Silver Act

    The Silver Act
    The measure did not authorize the free and unlimited coinage of silver that the Free Silver supporters wanted; however, it increased the amount of silver the government was required to purchase on a recurrent monthly basis to 4.5 million ounces.The Sherman Silver Purchase Act had been passed in response to the growing complaints of farmers' and miners' interests.
  • Picture Brides

    Picture Brides
    Picture Brides is a term that immigrant workers got to selct brides from their native countries.The immigrant workers would go to a matchmaker whom who pair the groom and bride with only using photographs and family recommendations.There were many factors that influenced women to become picture brides. Some came from poor families, so they became picture brides for economic reasons. This form of the traditional matchingmaking process.
  • The People's Party

    The People's Party
    The People's Party, also known as the Populist Party or the Populists, was an agrarian-populist political party in the United States. For a few years, 1892–96, it played a major role as a left-wing force in American politics. It was merged into the Democratic Party in 1896; a small independent remnant survived until 1908. It drew support from angry farmers in the West and South. It was highly critical of banks and railroads, and allied itself with the labor movement.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike which was a turning point for the united states labor law. The conflict began in Pullman, Chicago when almost 4,000 factory employees of the Pullman Company begana strike in the responce to recent and majors low in wages.When Pullman's company laid off workers and lowered wages, it did not reduce rents, and the workers called for a strike,Thirty people were killed in response to riots and sabotage that caused $80 million in damages.
  • Blacklists

    Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list. A blacklist can list people to be discriminated against, refused employment, or censored. As a verb, blacklist can mean to put an individual or entity on such a list.
  • Bicycle Craze

    Bicycle Craze
    The 1890s saw one of the biggest bicycle crazes of all, driven by several significant developments in bicycles: the invention of the "safety bicycle" with its chain-drive transmission, whose gear ratios allowed smaller wheels without a concurrent loss of speed, and the subsequent invention of the pneumatic (inflatable air-filled) bicycle tire.
  • Literacy Tests

    Literacy Tests
    The Immigration Restriction League, was founded in 1894 by lawyer Charles Warren, climatologist Robert DeCourcy Ward, and attorney Prescott F. Hall, three Harvard alumni who believed that immigrants from southern and eastern Europe were racially inferior to Anglo-Saxons, threatening what they saw as the American way of life and the high wage scale. They worried about immigrants bringing in poverty and organized crime at a time of high unemployment.[1]
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    Plessy vs Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".This legitimized the state laws re-establishing racial segregation that were passed in the American South in the late 19th century after the end of the Reconstruction Era.
  • Cross of Gold Speech

    Cross of Gold Speech
    The most famous speech in American political history was delivered by William Jennings Bryan on July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. The issue was whether to endorse the free coinage of silver at a ratio of silver to gold of 16 to 1. (This inflationary measure would have increased the amount of money in circulation and aided cash-poor and debt-burdened farmers.) After speeches on the subject by several U.S. Senators, Bryan rose to speak.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold Rush was a migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada. Gold was discovered there by local miners and when news reached Seattle and San Francisco the following year, it triggered a stampede of prospectors. Some became wealthy, but the majority went in vain. It has been glorified in photographs, books, films, and artifacts.
  • U.S.S Maine Incident

    U.S.S Maine Incident
    USS Maine (ACR-1) was an American naval ship that sank in Havana Harbor during the Cuban revolt against Spain, an event that became a major political issue in the United States. Commissioned in 1895, this was the first United States Navy ship to be named after the state of Maine.Despite these advances, Maine was out of date by the time she entered service, due to her protracted construction period and changes in the role of ships of her type, naval tactics and technology.
  • Siege of Santiago

    Siege of Santiago
    he same day as the naval battle, Major General William "Pecos Bill" Shafter began the siege of Santiago. Shafter fortified his position on San Juan Heights. General Henry W. Lawton's division moved up from El Caney extending the U.S. right flank to the north. To the northwest, Cuban rebels under the command of Calixto Garcia extended the U.S. line to the bay. General Arsenio Linares had been severely wounded at the Battle of San Juan Hill and was replaced by General José Toral y Velázquez.
  • The Square Deal

    The Square Deal
    The Square Deal by Theodore Roosevelt in the press occurred in 1899.His explanation of that is entirely plain and understandable. It contemplates no injury to any interest, but an opportunity for all on absolutely equal terms. That is a principle the justice of which is universally recognized, and which ought to be more generally acknowledged in this country than in any other
  • Election of 1900

    Election of 1900
    The United States presidential election of 1900 was the 29th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1900. In a re-match of the 1896 race, Republican President William McKinley defeated his Democratic challenger, William Jennings Bryan. McKinley's victory made him the first president to win consecutive re-election since Ulysses S. Grant had accomplished the same feat in 1872.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    The Platt Amendment was passed as part of thr Army Appropriations Bill. Since the Spanish–American War, and molding fundamental Cuban–U.S. relations until 1934. Formulated by the secretary of war, Elihu Root, the amendment was presented to the Senate by Sen. Orville H. Platt of Connecticut This amendment had gave the united states permission to interfear in Cuba affairs.
  • Teddy Bears

    Teddy Bears
    Roosevelt's assistants, led by Holt Collier, a born slave and former Confederate cavalryman, cornered and tied a black bear to a willow tree. They summoned Roosevelt and suggested that he shoot it. Viewing this as extremely unsportsmanlike, Roosevelt refused to shoot the bear. The news of this event spread quickly through newspaper articles across the country. The articles recounted the story of the president who refused to shoot a bear.
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    Meat Inspection Act of 1906, U.S. legislation, signed by Pres. Theodore Roosevelt on June 30, 1906, that prohibited the sale of adulterated or misbranded livestock and derived products as food and ensured that livestock were slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.President Theodore Roosevelt commissioned the Neill-Reynolds report, which confirmed many of Sinclair's horrid tales. In response to both The Jungle and the Neill-Reynolds report
  • Great White Fleet

    Great White Fleet
    The Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the powerful United States Navy battle fleet that completed a journey around the globe from 16 December 1907, to 22 February 1909, by order of United States President Theodore Roosevelt. Its mission was to make friendly courtesy visits to numerous countries, while displaying America's new naval power to the world.
  • Muller vs Oregon

    Muller vs Oregon
    Muller vs Oregon was about Oregon passing a law that said that women couldn't work more than 10 hours a day in factories and laundries. A woman at Muller's laundry was required to work more than 10 hours. Muller was convicted of violating the law. His appeal eventually was heard to the U.S. Supreme Court .Muller was a precedent that enabled the Court to approve some state reforms.
  • Ford Model T

    Ford Model T
    The Ford Model T is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American; some of this was because of Ford's efficient fabrication, including assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting.The Ford Model T was named the most influential car of the 20th century in the 1999 Car of the Century competition, ahead of the BMC Mini, Citroën DS, and Volkswagen Type 1
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    Dollar diplomacy of the United States—particularly during President William Howard Taft's term— was a form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries. Historian Thomas A. Bailey argues that dollar diplomacy was nothing new, as the use of diplomacy to promote commercial interest dates from the early years of the Republic.
  • Bull Moose Party

    Bull Moose Party
    The Bull Moose Party formally Progressive Party, U.S. dissident political faction that nominated former president Theodore Roosevelt as its candidate in the presidential election of 1912; the formal name and general objectives of the party were revived 12 years later. Opposing the entrenched conservatism of the regular Republican Party, which was controlled by Pres. William Howard Taft, a National Republican Progressive League was organized in 1911 by Sen. Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin.
  • Tariff Cuts

    Tariff Cuts
    Tariff cuts also known as Revenue Act of 1913 re-imposed the federal income tax after the ratification of the 16th Amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%, well below the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909. It was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson on October 3, 1913 and was sponsored by Alabama Representative Oscar Underwood. Wilson summoned a special session. He brought special attention to the matter by deciding to appear in person before Congress to make his appeal.
  • Ludlow Massacre

    Ludlow Massacre
    The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. About two dozen people, including miners' wives and children, were killed. The chief owner of the mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the incident.
  • Sussex Pledge

    Sussex Pledge
    Sussex (/ˈsʌsɪks/), from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. It is bounded to the west by Hampshire, north by Surrey, northeast by Kent, south by the English Channel, and divided for many purposes into the ceremonial counties of West Sussex and East Sussex.
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    The Great Migration was a movement for over 6 millon African Americans whom left the south and migrated towards the north, mid-west, and west because of racial prejudice. The first world war; all the white man left to fight leaving jobs open. African American took this advantage for economic, political, and social challenges to create a new black urban culture that would have a big influence for the all the gerenrations to come.
  • National Park System

    National Park System
    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby created in the Department of the Interior a service to be called the National Park Service, which shall be under the charge of a director, who shall be appointed by the Secretary and who shall receive a salary of $4,500 per annum. There shall also be appointed by the Secretary the following assistants and other employees at the salaries designated.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmerman Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico in the prior event of the United States entering World War I against Germany. Mexico would recover Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence.
  • Mustard Gas

    Mustard Gas
    Sulfur mustard, commonly known as mustard gas, is the prototypical substance of the sulfur-based family of cytotoxic and vesicant chemical warfare agents known as the sulfur mustards which have the ability to form large blisters on exposed skin and in the lungs.They have a long history of use as a blister-agent in warfare and along with organoarsenic compounds are the most well-studied such agents.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    The Espionage Act of 1917 is a United States federal law passed on shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. This act essentially made it a crime for any person to convey information intended to interfere with the U.S. armed forces prosecution of the war effort or to promote the success of the country’s enemies. Anyone found guilty of such acts would be subject to a fine of $10,000 and a prison sentence of 20 years.It has been amended numerous times over the years.
  • Spanish Flu

    Spanish Flu
    The 1918 flu pandemic was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million people around the world,including people on remote Pacific islands and in the Arctic, and resulted in the deaths of 50 to 100 million (three to five percent of the world's population) making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history.
  • 14 Points

    14 Points
    The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I. The speech on war aims and peace terms to the United States Congress by President Woodrow Wilson. Europeans generally welcomed Wilson's points,[1] but his main Allied colleagues (Georges Clemenceau of France, David Lloyd George of the United Kingdom, were skeptical of the applicability of Wilsonian idealism.
  • The Tsar Family - Murder

    The Tsar Family - Murder
    Nicholas, Alexandra, their five children and four servants were ordered to dress quickly and go down to the cellar of the house in which they were being held. There, the family and servants were arranged in two rows for a photograph they were told was being taken to quell rumors that they had escaped. Suddenly, a dozen armed men burst into the room and gunned down the imperial family in a hail of gunfire. Those who were still breathing when the smoked cleared were stabbed to death.
  • Battle of Argonne Forest

    Battle of Argonne Forest
    The Battle of the Argonne Forest, was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. started with a shouting match between General John J. Pershing and his immediate commander, French Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch.Meuse-Argonne Offensive is the second-most lethal American battle by estimated number of americans killed (26,277)
  • World Christian Fundamentals Association

    World Christian Fundamentals Association
    World Christian Fundamentals Association, was an interdenominational organization founded in 1919 by the Baptist minister William Bell Riley of the First Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was originally formed to launch "a new Protestantism" based upon premillennial interpretations of biblical prophecy, but soon turned its focus more towards opposition to evolution.
  • The Lost Generation

    The Lost Generation
    The Lost Generation was the generation that came of age during World War I. This generation point out thing about the goverment through there writing and plays. Demographers William Strauss and Neil Howe outlined their Strauss–Howe generational theory using 1883–1900 as birth years for this generation. The term was coined by Gertrude Stein and popularized by Ernest Hemingway, who used it as one of two contrasting epigraphs for his novel The Sun Also Rises.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was the development of the Harlem neighborhood in New York City as a black cultural mecca in the early 20th Century and the subsequent social and artistic explosion that resulted. Lasting roughly from the 1910s through the mid-1930s, the period is considered a golden age in African American culture, manifesting in literature, music, stage performance and art.
  • The Jazz Age

    The Jazz Age
    The Jazz Age was a period in the 1920s and 1930s in which jazz music and dance styles rapidly gained nationwide popularity. The Jazz Age's cultural repercussions were primarily felt in the United States, the birthplace of jazz. Originating in New Orleans as a fusion of African and European music, jazz played a significant part in wider cultural changes in this period, and its influence on pop culture continued long afterwards.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote, a right known as women’s suffrage, ending almost a century of protest. In 1848 the movement for women’s rights launched on a national level with the Seneca Falls Convention organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Following the convention, the demand for the vote became a centerpiece of the women’s rights movement.
  • The Teapot Dome Scandal

    The Teapot Dome Scandal
    The Teapot Dome Scandal was an incident that involed the national security. Big oil companies and bribery and corruption at the highest levels of the government of the United States.The upshot of the Teapot Dome Scandal was the accusation that Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall, had avoid the open bid process in awarding leases for government oil land to private oil companies.
  • Employee Benefits

    Employee Benefits
    Workers' compensation is a form of insurance providing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment in exchange for mandatory relinquishment of the employee's right to sue their employer for the tort of negligence. The trade-off between assured, limited coverage and lack of recourse outside the worker compensation system is known as "the compensation bargain".
  • Immgration act of 1924

    Immgration act of 1924
    According to the U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian the purpose of the act was "to preserve the ideal of American homogeneity". But though the Act aimed at preserving American racial homogeneity, it set no limits on immigration from other countries of the Americas.Congressional opposition was minimal. According to Columbia University historian Mae Ngai, the 1924 Act put an end to a period where the United States essentially had open borders.
  • Scopes Monkey Trails

    Scopes Monkey Trails
    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    The Kellogg-Briand Pact was an agreement to outlaw war signed on August 27, 1928. It had little effect in stopping the rising militarism of the 1930s or preventing World War II.In the wake of World War I, U.S. officials and private citizens made significant efforts to guarantee that the nation would not be drawn into another war. Some focused on disarmament and some focused on cooperation with the League of Nations and the newly formed World Court.
  • Valentine's Day Massacre

    Valentine's Day Massacre
    The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre is the name given to the 1929 murder in Chicago of seven men of the North Side gang during the Prohibition Era. It resulted from the struggle between the Irish American gang and the South Side Italian gang led by Al Capone to take control of organized crime in the city. Former members of the Egan's Rats gang were suspected of a significant role in the incident, assisting Capone.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Black Tuesday was the fourth and last day of the stock market crash of 1929. Investors traded a record 16.4 million shares. They lost $14 billion on the New York Stock Exchange.The moment the opening bell rang the Dow fell 8 points to 252.6. Panicked sellers were shouting Sell! Sell! so loudly that no one heard the bell ring. In a half hour they sold three million shares and lost $2 million. As the day wore on, the Dow fell to 212.33. The ticker tape that announced stock prices was hours behind.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    The Dust bowl also know as the "Dirty Thirties" was a period of masvsvie dust storms. These storms damaged the agiculture of the American and Canadian prairies. Theses dust storms happen because of served drought but also because of bad farming. The unanchored soil turned to dust, which the prevailing winds blew away in huge clouds that sometimes blackened the sky. These choking billows of dust – named "black blizzards" or "black rollers" – traveled cross country,
  • Election of 1932

    Election of 1932
    The United States presidential election of 1832 was the 12th quadrennial presidential election, held from Friday, November 2, to Wednesday, December 5, 1832. It saw incumbent President Andrew Jackson, candidate of the Democratic Party, defeat Henry Clay, candidate of the National Republican Party. he election saw the first use of the presidential nominating conventions, and the Democrats, National Republicans.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    The New Deal was a series of federal programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression. Some of these federal programs included the Civilian Conservation Corps , the Civil Works Administration the Farm Security Administration. the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 and the Social Security Administration. These programs included support for farmers, the unemployed, youth and the elderly.
  • The Glass-Steagall Act

    The Glass-Steagall Act
    The Glass–Steagall legislation describes four provisions of the U.S. Banking Act of 1933 separating commercial and investment banking.[1] The article 1933 Banking Act describes the entire law, including the legislative history of the provisions covered here.The separation of commercial and investment banking prevented securities firms and investment banks from taking deposits, and commercial Federal Reserve member banks from:
  • First 100 days

    First 100 days
    The day Franklin Roosevelt assumed the presidency, was desperate. A quarter of the nation's workforce was jobless. A quarter million families had defaulted on their mortgages the previous year. During the winter of 1932 and 1933, some 1.2 million Americans were homeless.Congress followed Roosevelt's lead by passing an incredible fifteen separate bills which, together, formed the basis of the New Deal.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    The Twenty-first Amendment (Amendment XXI) to the United States Constitution repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol on January 16, 1919. The Twenty-first Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933[1]. It is unique among the 27 amendments of the U.S. Constitution for being the only one to repeal a prior amendment and to have been ratified by state ratifying conventions.
  • Federal Housing Administartion

    Federal Housing Administartion
    The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a government agency, established by the National Housing Act of 1934, to regulate interest rates and mortgage terms after the banking crisis of the 1930s. Through the newly created FHA, the federal government began to insure mortgages issued by qualified lenders, providing mortgage lenders protection from default. If a borrower failed to make their payments, the FHA was required to cover the unpaid balance.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    The Social Security Act established a system to benefits people lives. This act help worker who would retire get benefits. Also people whom were in industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.
  • Supreme Court Packing

    Supreme Court Packing
    The Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937 (frequently called the "court-packing plan"). It was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court. Roosevelt's purpose was to obtain favorable rulings regarding New Deal legislation that the court had ruled unconstitutional. The central provision of the bill would have granted the President power to appoint an additional Justice to the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • B-17

    The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps. Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation.
  • German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact

    German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
    The German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact in which the two countries agreed to take no military action against each other for the next 10 years. With Europe on the brink of another major war, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) viewed the pact as a way to keep his nation on peaceful terms with Germany, while giving him time to build up the Soviet military. German chancellor Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) used the pact to make sure Germany was able to invade Poland unopposed.
  • Navajo Code Talkers

    Navajo Code Talkers
    Navajo had a complex grammar, it is not nearly mutually intelligible enough with even its closest relatives within the Na-Dene family to provide meaningful information. It was still an unwritten language, and Johnston thought Navajo could satisfy the military requirement for an undecipherable code. Navajo was spoken only on the Navajo lands of the American Southwest.ts syntax and tonal qualities, not to mention dialects, made it unintelligible to anyone without extensive exposure and training.
  • Battle of Moscow

    Battle of Moscow
    The Battle of Moscow was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on 370 miles sector of the Eastern Front during World War II. It took place between October 1941 and January 1942. The Soviet defensive effort frustrated Hitler's attack on Moscow, the capital of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the Soviet Union's largest city.
  • Executive Order 9066

    Executive Order 9066
    Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942. This order authorized the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones, clearing the way for the incarceration of Japanese Americans, German Americans, and Italian Americans in U.S. concentration camps.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    The Bataan Death March was a transfer by Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000 to 80,000. Following the surrender of Bataan on April 9, 1942 to the Japanese Imperial Army, prisoners were massed in Mariveles and Bagac town.As the defeated defenders were massed in preparation for the march, they were ordered to turn over their possessions. American Lieutenant Kermit Lay recounted how this was done:
  • Zoot Suit Riots

    Zoot Suit Riots
    Zoot suit Riots weea series of conflicts in Los Angeles, California between European American servicemen and Mexican American.European American servicemen and White European immigrants attacked and stripped children, teens, and youths who wore zoot suits ostensibly because they considered the outfits to be unpatriotic during wartime. The Zoot Suit Riots were related to fears and hostilities aroused by the coverage of the Sleepy Lagoon murder trial.
  • D-Day

    D-Day, when some 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest amphibious military assaults in history and required extensive planning. All of northern France had been liberated, and by the following spring the Allies had defeated the Germans. The Normandy landings have been called the beginning of the end of war in Europe.
  • Nagasaki, Japan

    Nagasaki, Japan
    During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. The United States dropped the bombs after obtaining the consent of the United Kingdom, as required by the Quebec Agreement. The two bombings killed at least 129,000 people, most of whom were civilians. They remain the only use of nuclear weapons in the history of warfare.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimea conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from 4 to 11 February, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar reorganization. The three states were represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin, respectively.
  • Period: to

    Transforming the West

  • Period: to

    Becoming an Industrial Power

  • Period: to

    The Gilded Age

  • Period: to


  • Period: to

    The Progressive Era

  • Period: to

    World War 1

  • Period: to

    The 1920's

  • Period: to

    The Great Depression

  • Period: to

    World War ll