Qin Shi Huangdi becomes the first Emperor of ChinaHe has the Great Wall of China built by extending and connecting existing walls to protect the people from the Mongols.
Writing System is Standardized by GovernmentUnified the people to an extent.
Terra Cotta Army is buried with Emperor Qin
Buddhism is introduced in ChinaBuddhism played a hugely important role in China. It gave people hope and a way to move on from their grief.
Chang'an became capitalWendi moved the capital to the newly built Chang’an named for a previous Han capital city to the northwest. It became the largest city in the world for its day as well as the largest in area of any walled Chinese city. Under the Tang Dynasty it was the most cosmopolitan city
China is reunifiedWendi established the “Three Department” system with Six Ministries
Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works
Great CanalDuring Yandi's reign, he built a great canal between the rice-producing areas in the south and the Beijing area in the north. Yangdi extended this transportation system in 610, beginning the Grand Canal network that was later used to supply the capital and northern border armies with food from the south
Empress Wu usurped powerBecame the only female emperor in Chinese history using ruthless tactics and acting previously as regent while the previous emperor was sick.
Chinese explorer Zheng He begins his first journey to India and Africa.He will establish trade relationships and bring back news of the outside world. .
Period:1,666 BCEto1,111 BCE
Period:1,111 BCEto-221 BCE
Period:-403 BCEto-221 BCE
Warring States PeriodDuring this time leaders from different areas were constantly fighting for control.
Period:-221 BCEto-206 BCE
Era of Division
Yang Jian (r. 581-604) reigned as Wendi
Yang Guang (r. 605-617) reigned as Yangdi Besides the Great Wall and the Grand Canal, Yangdi built roads, palaces, and other public works projects costing tons of of money and lives. The peasants were heavily taxed. To make it worse, Yangdi planned and launched 3 expeditions against northern Korea. Huge revolts broke out throughout northern China. Yangdi fled to his southern capital at Jiangdu where he was assassinated a year later.
Rule of WendiYang Jian ruled, and established the “Three Department” system with Six Ministries:Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works.
He was a Buddhist with a wealthy scholar's education and military training. He worked hard to reunify China.
Rule of YangdiAcquired throne after assassinating brother and father. He embarked on costly programs, having lots construction done, but not all of it necessary. He built lavish palaces and grandiose public work buildings. He spent too much money and taxed the people too much, so the people revolted, and he was eventually assassinated.
Gaozu (r. 618-616) born and known as Li Yuan in his lifetime; name of Gaozu given after his death.
Taizong (r. 626-649) born Li Shimin Gaozong (r. 649-683)
Zhonzong and Ruizong (r. 683-690 sequentially)
Wu Zhao (Empress Wu) (r. 690-700)
Xuanzong (r. 712-756),called Ming huang, Brilliant Monarch Considered one of the most important dynasties, T'ang dynasty made a huge difference with its inventions, trading, construction, politics, and religion- very influential in modern China.
Rule of Emperor Gaozu (T'ang Dynasty)Born Li Yuan, and named Gaozu after his death, Emperor Gaozu was an official of the Sui dynasty, and was expected to suppress peasant revolts and prevent incursions of Turkish nomads into North China. With the Sui dynasty about to fall, he and his ambitious second son, aided by Turkish allies, captured the capital at Chang’an. The next year, he proclaimed the Tang dynasty. Thereafter, he worked to reform taxation and coinage, while Li Shimin finished eliminating rival claimants to the throne.
Rule of Empress WuOnly female ruler of China
Cruel but effective ruler
Had to fight the Confucian social belief that women should serve men
Encouraged women to be more vocal and demand better treatment from their family
Rule of TaizongBorn Li Shimin, Taizong was the second son of Gaozu. He was known to be a great force for the uprising and a great military general. His image would be revered for more than a millennium.
It took most of Taizong’s reign to restore normal civil administration and to create a unified civil service. Even so, by the end of his reign, his local administrations had succeeded in registering only about a third of those who had registered under the Sui.
Rule of GaozongIn 649 Gaozong succeeded his father, the Taizong emperor. He continued his father’s foreign campaigns, conquering the Korean peninsula and making Korea a vassal state in 668. In domestic affairs he ended the lavish expenditure on palace construction carried out by his father. But he proved to be a weak ruler and in his later years was dominated by his consort, Wu Zhao (the future empress Wuhou), a former concubine of his father.
Rule of Zhonzong and Ruizong (sequentially)Empress Wu held power as regent through the reigns of
her two sons: Zhonzong and Ruizong.
Rule of XuanzongHis reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty. In the early half of his reign he was a diligent and astute ruler. ... Emperor Xuanzong, however, was blamed for over-trusting Li Linfu, Yang Guozhong and An Lushan during his late reign, with Tang's golden age ending in the Anshi Rebellion
Zhao Kuangyin (r. 960-976) reigned as Taizu
Zhou Kuangyi (r. 976-997) reigned as Taizong
Zhao Ji (r. 1101-1126) reigned as Huizong
Gaozong (r. 1127-1162) Known by its defensive policies. Constant incursions from various nomadic empires to the north threatened the stability of the dynasty.
In spite of military instability, it was a time of prosperity: era of
entrepreneurship, development of new crops and technologies, creation of new careers and lifestyles in commercial centers.
Rule of TaizuAt the time of his birth, China was in chaos. The once-great Tang dynasty, fragmented by rebellions, had been extinguished. He lived during the time of chaos and rebellion, and was kind of thrown into being emperor. Despite this, he placed the foundations for a successful dynasty.
Rule of Taizong (Song Dynasty)He took over the 2 remaining independent states in South China, nearly unifying China. But when he attempted to regain former North Chinese territory between Beijing and the Great Wall, he suffered a disastrous defeat at the hands of the Khitan tribes that had occupied the area.
In civil administration Taizong focused on education, and further developed the civil-service examination system. He centralized control better than ever before in Chinese history. He divided China into 15 provinces.