China Dynasty

Timeline created by bereilley
In History
  • -221 BCE

    Qin Shi Huangdi becomes the first Emperor of China

    Qin Shi Huangdi becomes the first Emperor of China
    He has the Great Wall of China built by extending and connecting existing walls to protect the people from the Mongols.
  • -220 BCE

    Writing System is Standardized by Government

    Writing System is Standardized by Government
    Unified the people to an extent.
  • -210 BCE

    Terra Cotta Army is buried with Emperor Qin

    Terra Cotta Army is buried with Emperor Qin
  • 250

    Buddhism is introduced in China

    Buddhism is introduced in China
    Buddhism played a hugely important role in China. It gave people hope and a way to move on from their grief.
  • 583

    Chang'an became capital

    Chang'an became capital
    Wendi moved the capital to the newly built Chang’an named for a previous Han capital city to the northwest. It became the largest city in the world for its day as well as the largest in area of any walled Chinese city. Under the Tang Dynasty it was the most cosmopolitan city
  • 589

    China is reunified

    China is reunified
    Wendi established the “Three Department” system with Six Ministries
    Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works
  • 608

    Great Canal

    Great Canal
    During Yandi's reign, he built a great canal between the rice-producing areas in the south and the Beijing area in the north. Yangdi extended this transportation system in 610, beginning the Grand Canal network that was later used to supply the capital and northern border armies with food from the south
  • 690

    Empress Wu usurped power

    Empress Wu usurped power
    Became the only female emperor in Chinese history using ruthless tactics and acting previously as regent while the previous emperor was sick.
  • 1405

    Chinese explorer Zheng He begins his first journey to India and Africa.

    Chinese explorer Zheng He begins his first journey to India and Africa.
    He will establish trade relationships and bring back news of the outside world. .
  • Period:
    1,666 BCE
    to
    1,111 BCE

    Shang Dynasty

  • Period:
    1,111 BCE
    to
    -221 BCE

    Chou Dynasty

  • Period:
    -403 BCE
    to
    -221 BCE

    Warring States Period

    During this time leaders from different areas were constantly fighting for control.
  • Period:
    -221 BCE
    to
    -206 BCE

    Chi'in Dynasty

  • Period:
    -206 BCE
    to
    221

    Han Dynasty

  • Period:
    217
    to
    580

    Era of Division

  • Period:
    581
    to
    618

    Sui Dynasty

    Emperors:
    Yang Jian (r. 581-604) reigned as Wendi
    Yang Guang (r. 605-617) reigned as Yangdi Besides the Great Wall and the Grand Canal, Yangdi built roads, palaces, and other public works projects costing tons of of money and lives. The peasants were heavily taxed. To make it worse, Yangdi planned and launched 3 expeditions against northern Korea. Huge revolts broke out throughout northern China. Yangdi fled to his southern capital at Jiangdu where he was assassinated a year later.
  • Period:
    581
    to
    604

    Rule of Wendi

    Yang Jian ruled, and established the “Three Department” system with Six Ministries:Personnel, Revenue, Rites, War, Justice, and Public Works.
    He was a Buddhist with a wealthy scholar's education and military training. He worked hard to reunify China.
  • Period:
    605
    to
    617

    Rule of Yangdi

    Acquired throne after assassinating brother and father. He embarked on costly programs, having lots construction done, but not all of it necessary. He built lavish palaces and grandiose public work buildings. He spent too much money and taxed the people too much, so the people revolted, and he was eventually assassinated.
  • Period:
    618
    to
    906

    T'ang Dynasty

    Emperors:
    Gaozu (r. 618-616) born and known as Li Yuan in his lifetime; name of Gaozu given after his death.
    Taizong (r. 626-649) born Li Shimin Gaozong (r. 649-683)
    Zhonzong and Ruizong (r. 683-690 sequentially)
    Wu Zhao (Empress Wu) (r. 690-700)
    Xuanzong (r. 712-756),called Ming huang, Brilliant Monarch Considered one of the most important dynasties, T'ang dynasty made a huge difference with its inventions, trading, construction, politics, and religion- very influential in modern China.
  • Period:
    618
    to
    626

    Rule of Emperor Gaozu (T'ang Dynasty)

    Born Li Yuan, and named Gaozu after his death, Emperor Gaozu was an official of the Sui dynasty, and was expected to suppress peasant revolts and prevent incursions of Turkish nomads into North China. With the Sui dynasty about to fall, he and his ambitious second son, aided by Turkish allies, captured the capital at Chang’an. The next year, he proclaimed the Tang dynasty. Thereafter, he worked to reform taxation and coinage, while Li Shimin finished eliminating rival claimants to the throne.
  • Period:
    625
    to
    705

    Rule of Empress Wu

    Only female ruler of China
    Cruel but effective ruler
    Had to fight the Confucian social belief that women should serve men
    Encouraged women to be more vocal and demand better treatment from their family
  • Period:
    626
    to
    649

    Rule of Taizong

    Born Li Shimin, Taizong was the second son of Gaozu. He was known to be a great force for the uprising and a great military general. His image would be revered for more than a millennium.
    It took most of Taizong’s reign to restore normal civil administration and to create a unified civil service. Even so, by the end of his reign, his local administrations had succeeded in registering only about a third of those who had registered under the Sui.
  • Period:
    649
    to
    683

    Rule of Gaozong

    In 649 Gaozong succeeded his father, the Taizong emperor. He continued his father’s foreign campaigns, conquering the Korean peninsula and making Korea a vassal state in 668. In domestic affairs he ended the lavish expenditure on palace construction carried out by his father. But he proved to be a weak ruler and in his later years was dominated by his consort, Wu Zhao (the future empress Wuhou), a former concubine of his father.
  • Period:
    683
    to
    690

    Rule of Zhonzong and Ruizong (sequentially)

    Empress Wu held power as regent through the reigns of
    her two sons: Zhonzong and Ruizong.
  • Period:
    712
    to
    756

    Rule of Xuanzong

    His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty. In the early half of his reign he was a diligent and astute ruler. ... Emperor Xuanzong, however, was blamed for over-trusting Li Linfu, Yang Guozhong and An Lushan during his late reign, with Tang's golden age ending in the Anshi Rebellion
  • Period:
    907
    to
    960

    Five Dynasties

  • Period:
    907
    to
    1128

    Liao Dynasty

  • Period:
    960
    to
    1279

    Song Dynasty

    Emperors:
    Zhao Kuangyin (r. 960-976) reigned as Taizu
    Zhou Kuangyi (r. 976-997) reigned as Taizong
    Zhao Ji (r. 1101-1126) reigned as Huizong
    Gaozong (r. 1127-1162) Known by its defensive policies. Constant incursions from various nomadic empires to the north threatened the stability of the dynasty.
    In spite of military instability, it was a time of prosperity: era of
    entrepreneurship, development of new crops and technologies, creation of new careers and lifestyles in commercial centers.
  • Period:
    960
    to
    976

    Rule of Taizu

    At the time of his birth, China was in chaos. The once-great Tang dynasty, fragmented by rebellions, had been extinguished. He lived during the time of chaos and rebellion, and was kind of thrown into being emperor. Despite this, he placed the foundations for a successful dynasty.
  • Period:
    976
    to
    997

    Rule of Taizong (Song Dynasty)

    He took over the 2 remaining independent states in South China, nearly unifying China. But when he attempted to regain former North Chinese territory between Beijing and the Great Wall, he suffered a disastrous defeat at the hands of the Khitan tribes that had occupied the area.
    In civil administration Taizong focused on education, and further developed the civil-service examination system. He centralized control better than ever before in Chinese history. He divided China into 15 provinces.
  • Period:
    1260
    to
    1368

    Yuan Dynasty

  • Period:
    1368
    to

    Ming Dynasty

  • Period: to

    Chi'ing Dynasty