RenaissanceIts the French word for "rebirth". Its a renewed interest in art. The Renaissance studies the Greeks and the Romans. The Renaissance started after the Black Death.
Black DeathMongolians threw dead bodies to the other side of the war field to infect enemies. Black Death was transported through trade. Some people thought the plague was brought on by God to punish them for their sins. There was no cure for the plague. The Black Plague was cured and The Renaissance started.
May 30, 1431
Joan of Arc Burned at the StakeJoan started hearing voices of Christian Saints when she was 16. Joan dressed in male clothing. Joan was charged of heresy. She refused to accept the church so she was condemned to perpetual imprisonment. Joan was burned for being a "relapsed heretic" when she put on male clothes after being told to wear female clothes.
Johannes Gutenberg printing pressJohannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. He used movable metal letters to print. This makes printed materials affordable to most. The printing press made more books. The bible was the first published book of the printing press.
Michelangelo begins painting the Sistine ChapelWhen Pope Julius II ordered Michelangelo to paint the Chapel, Michelangelo was only a sculptor. He had no skill with a brush. The sculptor learned techniques and decided to paint about the pre-history of salvation including 300 figures. When about a third of the ceiling had been painted, a mold started to grow on the paint. Michelangelo wanted to quit the painting job but the Pope had it removed and told Michelangelo to continue painting.
Martin Luther posts 95 ThesesMartin Luther wrote the 95 Theses to attack the church for selling indulgences. Indulgences are paid documents that absolve you of sin. Martin Luther thought humans may reach salvation by their faith and not by their deeds. The 95 Theses sparked the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic church was ever divided after Martin posted the 95 Theses.
Crusadesit is a Holy war. It was a religious war between Christians and Muslims. Used to suppress Paganism and heresy. The first crusade was started by Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus. People thought that fighting crusades were forgiving sins
Period:Nov 7, 1337to1453
Hundred Years WarA war fought between England and France. The war lasted 116 years. France prevailed over England. War started because the king of France died and the king of England thought he had the right to take over the kingdom.