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Autobiography of St. Thomas More

Timeline created by SusannahC in Biography
Event Date: Event Title: Event Description:
Saint thomas more 00 small square 7th Feb, 1478 Introducing St. Thomas More (1478-1535) Patron saint of lawyers Video about St. Thomas More Thomas More was born on Milk Street in London, England to a lawyer and prominent judge, Sir John More and his wife Agnes Graunger. He was educated at St. Anthony’s School in Threadneedle Street in London. St. Thomas More is recognised as a saint in the Catholic Church and is commemorated by the Church of England as a ‘Reformation martyr’. His feast day is celebrated on the 22nd of June.
127944 small square 1st Jan, 1492 More studies law More began to study law at Oxford University hoping to become a barrister in 1492 after he was nominated by John Morton who thought highly of Thomas More and believed he showed great potential. He was the student of Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, becoming an expert in both Greek and Latin.
Moresketch small square 1st Jan, 1504 More enters Parliament Around the years 1503 and 1504 More thought deeply of leaving his legal career to become a monk. He lived near the Carthusian monastery located close by London, taking part in the monastic practices and disciplining himself in the monks’ spiritual exercises. However after sincerely thinking he decided on his life of politics, keeping his duty to serve his country. Yet his prayer, fasting, and penance habits stayed with him for the rest of his life. More becomes a member of Parliament in 1504.
More famb 640x g3 small square 1st Jan, 1505 First Marriage St. Thomas More got married to his beloved Jane Colt in 1505; together they had 4 children, Margaret, Elizabeth, Cicely, and John.
Stthomasmorestainedglass small square 1st Jan, 1510 Elected to Parliament again More was elected to Parliament again to represent London and from 1510 served as one of the two undersheriffs in London. In doing this he gained a positive reputation as an honest and impartial man. Also, four years later he was chosen as one of an embassy to Flanders by Cardinal Wolsey; his role was to protect the interests of English merchants.
0301104 small square 1st Jan, 1511 Second Marriage In 1511 More’s first wife, Jane died at a young age. A month later, he married a widow, Alice Middleton to ensure that his children had a mother keeping them at his best interest.
59118 31 e1274543836182 small square 1st Jan, 1515 Beginning of "Utopia" In this year, Thomas was sent to on a diplomatic mission to Antwerp where he begins to write “Utopia” (a name he gave to the ideal and imaginary island nation). He sketched out his most controversial work, Utopia, a novel in Latin.
Imagesca86rzla small square 1st Jan, 1516 Completion of the world-famous book "Utopia" More’s world-famous book, Utopia is completed and published in 1516 describing an ideal, if not impossible, social world.
B002057 small square 1st Jan, 1517 Enters service to King Henry VIII Thomas More becomes a secretary (“personal servant”) and personal adviser to King Henry VIII.
55049 thomas more lg small square 1st Jan, 1518 More, a member of the Privy Council ! More is appointed as a member of the Privy Council of King Henry VIII. He took on what he recognized as his civic duty knowing the risks and disadvantages such as less time for his family and his own studies and writing.
Saint thomas more 03 small square 1st Jan, 1519 More resigns In this year More resigned from his place as under-sheriff, mainly to focus and be complately attached to the Court.
Saint thomas more 00 small square 1st Jan, 1521 More is Knighted After undertaking a diplomatic mission to the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, Thomas More was knighted and made under treasurer of the Exchequer by King Henry.
More confronts wolsey small square 18th Apr, 1523 Speaker of the House of Commons Sir Thomas More was elected as knight of the shire in this year and on the date was chosen and entitled Speaker of the House of Commons of Parliament as recommended by Thomas Wolsey; the Archbishop of York.
0 small square 1st Jan, 1524 Journey to Chelsea Prior to 1524, More had purchased a piece of land in Chelsea where he built himself a mansion. He moved to Chelsea in 1524 into the ‘Great House’ whilst the war in France resumes.
120px duchy of lancaster coa small square 1st Jan, 1525 Appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster In the year 1525, Thomas More was chosen to be Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster by King Henry which therefore appointed him with executive and judicial control of much of northern England. In the same year he became High Steward of Cambridge University.
Thomas more small square 1st Jan, 1526 Royal Council Subcommittee and Controversy More was appointed to the royal council’s subcommittee of four and in the same year advised Erasmus to complete the writings against Luther. By this time the Lutheran controversy in which More was now drawn into mainly by Henry, had spread around the whole of Europe.
55049 thomas more lg small square 1st Jan, 1528 Controversy against heresy More believed that areas of the Catholic Church deserved to be renewed and modernised. However he strongly believed that any change to the Church had to come from the Catholic Church. Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Bucer and the many other Protestants were seen by More as being undisciplined both in doctrine and practice. And in 1528, More published ‘Dialogue concerning Heresies’ against Lutherans.
220px houseofmore small square 1st Jan, 1528 Campaign against the Reformation More saw the Reformation as heresy, a threat to the unity of both church and society. More was perhaps one of the strongest leaders of reformation in London, he was defensive of the Catholic Church and even had people burned at the stake for heresy. He mainly spent the end of his political career trying to battle with the theories expressed by Martin Luther. More also took part in the start of the Reformation Parliament, which dealt with aligning the changes in the religious world in that time.
Lf1414 figure 002 small square 1st Oct, 1529 Chancellorship In October 1529, Sir Thomas More was the first layman after Wolsey had fell, to be made Lord Chancellor of England. As chancellor it was his liability to implement the laws against heretics. He undertook this duty and aggravated the attacks of Protestant writers in that era and even now.
220px cromwell,thomas(1eessex)01 small square 1st Nov, 1529 New Parliament More's first public appearance as chancellor was at the opening of the new Parliament in November, 1529.
Sirthomasmore small square 1st May, 1532 Final Resignation ! In May 1532, More tried one more time to resign from his office claiming he was ill and suffering from large chest pains. He did not at all support Henry's attempts to divorce Catherine and marry Anne Boleyn and this time the King granted his request, he held his post as Lord Chancellor for less than three years. Thomas More then spent the rest of his life writing mostly in the defence of the church.
Original small square 13th Apr, 1534 Refused to take an oath ! On the 13th of April in 1534, St. Thomas More refused to render allegiance to the King as the Head of the Church of England and to the parliamentary Act of Succession alongside his close friend, St. John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester. More had been asked to appear before a commission and take the oath of supremacy of the Crown in the relationship between the kingdom and the church in England; he also publicly refused to uphold Henry’s annulment from Catherine.
Thiomas more tomb small square 17th Apr, 1534 More is sent to prison After having refused to support the King’s annulment, More’s enemies had enough evidence to accuse More of treason and have him arrested. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London four days later.
More small square 1st Jul, 1535 More's trial On the 1st of July, 1535, More was found guilty and charged with high treason by the panel of judges before whom he was tried which included the new Lord Chancellor, Sir Thomas Audley, as well as Anne Boleyn's father, brother, and uncle. More refused to answer any questions and new he had to take the oath of the Act of Succession to be safe from conviction. More was tried and within a matter of 15 minutes the jury found More guilty, under a section of the Treason Act 1534.
103 small square 1st Jul, 1535 Before the Jury's Verdict Before the jury’s verdict More spoke freely of his belief that "no temporal man may be the head of the spirituality". He was sentenced to be hanged, drawn, and quartered (the usual punishment for traitors who were not the nobility), but the King commuted this to execution by decapitation.
Execution small square 6th Jul, 1535 Execution St. Thomas More was executed on the 6th of July 1535, beheaded on Tower Hill, London, England. Just before he was killed he came to mount the steps leading to the scaffold and whilst he was here he widely quoted as saying (to the official): "I pray you, I pray you, Mr Lieutenant, see me safe up and for my coming down, I can shift for myself"; once he was on the scaffold he stated that he died “the king’s good servant, but God’s first.”
Thomas more beheaded small square 6th Jul, 1535 Head exposed More’s body taken to St. Peter and Vincula, Tower of London, England. His head parboiled and then exposed on London Bridge for a month as a warning to other “traitors”.
Original small square Beatification St. Thomas More was beatified in 1886 by Pope Leo XIII.
230px chelsea thomas more statue 1 small square Canonisation St. Thomas More was canonized with John Fisher on the 19th of May, 1935 by Pope Pius XI. His feast day is celebrated on the 22nd of June according to the Catholic Church. It is the 6th of July on some local calendars and the 9th of July on the traditional Catholic (Latin Mass) calendar.
Timespan Dates: Timespan Title: Timespan Description:
7th Feb, 1478
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St. Thomas More This is an autobiography of St. Thomas More providing important dates and their significance in chronological order. There is information on his life, achievements, the controversies he was involved in and facts about the life and history of St. Thomas More.
1st Jan, 1490
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1st Jan, 1492
Part of early life St. Thomas More From the years 1490-1492 Sir Thomas More served as a page in the household for the archbishop of Canterbury, Cardinal John Morton and the Lord Chancellor of England to King Henry VII.
1st Jan, 1494
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1st Jan, 1502
Legal training St. Thomas More left university after 2 years which was in 1494 to begin his legal training with his father in London at New Inn. More then became a student in 1496 at Lincoln’s Inn remaining there up until he became a barrister around the years 1501 and 1502. During this period of time he made a close friend with Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam.
22nd Mar, 1530
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1st Jan, 1531
Refusal and Attempted Resignation In 1530, St. Thomas More refused to sign a letter by the leading English churchmen and courtiers asking the pope to annul the marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon. He also quarrelled with King Henry VIII over the heresy laws. At the time that King Henry was admitted as “Supreme Head” of the English Church “as far the law of Christ allows”, More attempted to resign his office after being forced to take the oath of this acknowledgement. However the King refused him permission.
1st Jan, 1533
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1st Jan, 1534
More's refusal and Accusation More’s refusal to attend Anne Boleyn's coronation as the Queen of England was inferred as an insult, therefore leading Henry to take action against him. However this was not considered an act of treason, More had acknowledged the King’s happiness by writing him a letter. Early this year, More was suspected of conspiring with Elizabeth Barton, “Holy Maid of Kent” who had held prophecies against the king’s annulment, but he wrote a letter instructing the nun not to interfere with state issues.
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