APUSH - Period 4

Timeline created by bookerjohnson
In History
  • Second Great Awakening Began

    Second Great Awakening Began
    Led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds.
  • Thomas Jefferson was elected President

    Thomas Jefferson was elected President
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    Gabriel intended to lead slaves into Richmond, but the slaves' owners had suspicion of the uprising, and two slaves told their owner about the plans
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Doubled the size of the US, bought from France
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    The First U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the principle of "judicial review"
  • Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition
    The first American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Prohibited American ships from trading in all foreign ports
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

    Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    A naval engagement that occurred off the coast of Norfolk, Virginia between the British warship HMS Leopard and the American frigate USS Chesapeake. The crew of Leopard pursued, attacked, and boarded the American frigate, looking for deserters from the Royal Navy.
  • Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
    (applied for a patent of his cotton gin on October 28, 1793; the patent was granted on March 14, 1794, but was not validated until 1807) a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    Fourth president of the United States
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    Lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports (Illegal to import US made goods to France & Britain)
  • Francis Cabot Lowell smuggled memorized textile mill plans from Manchester, England

     Francis Cabot Lowell smuggled memorized textile mill plans from Manchester, England
    Smuggled drawing of British textile machines into US, opened Boston Manufacturing Co in Waltham, hired young farm girls as mill workers
  • Death of Tecumseh

    Death of Tecumseh
    Killed in War of 1812, death is important because it marked the end of Tecumseh's Confederacy (who sought to stop Anglo-Americans from seizing American Indian land)
  • The British Burn Washington DC

    The British Burn Washington DC
    A British attack against Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, during the War of 1812.
  • Treaty of Ghent Ratified

    Treaty of Ghent Ratified
    Ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    A series of meetings held in Hartford, Connecticut where the New England Federalist Party met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power.
  • End of the War of 1812

    End of the War of 1812
    Main result was two centuries of peace between the US and Britain
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Last major battle of the War of 1812. Under the command of General Andrew Jackson, American forces successfully repelled the invading British army
  • Era of Good Feeling Began

    Era of Good Feeling Began
    The mood of victory that swept the nation at the end of the War of 1812. Exultation replaced the bitter political divisions between Federalists and Republicans, the North and South, and the East Coast cities and settlers on the American frontier.
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe Elected President
    Fifth President of the United States
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    Rush-Bagot Treaty
    Treaty between the US and UK limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, following the War of 1812
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Anglo-American Convention
    Set the boundary between the Missouri Territory in the United States and British North America (later Canada) at the forty-ninth parallel.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    Gave Florida to the US, bought from Spain
  • McCulloch vs. Maryland

    McCulloch vs. Maryland
    Determined if the United States government had the right to establish a bank in Maryland and if the state had the right to tax the government for doing so. (United States government did have the right to establish a bank in Maryland and that the state of Maryland could not tax the bank for doing so)
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    The first major financial crisis in the United States. It featured widespread foreclosures, bank failures, unemployment, and a slump in agriculture and manufacturing. It marked the end of the economic expansion that had followed the War of 1812.
  • Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

    Dartmouth College vs. Woodward
    New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U. S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, and was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt

    Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt
    Failed slave revolt that resulted in The African Methodist Episcopal Church being torn down and stricter laws on southern states
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Opposed European Colonialism in the Americas
  • John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)

    John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)
    No candidate had received a majority of the Presidential Electoral votes, so the outcome was left to House of Representatives. Following the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment only the top three candidates in the electoral vote were admitted as candidates. Surprisingly the House elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. It was believed that Clay, the Speaker of the House at the time, convinced Congress to elect Adams, who then made Clay his Secretary of State
  • Gibbons vs. Ogden

    Gibbons vs. Ogden
    Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce.
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    Longest artificial waterway and the greatest public works project in North America, put New York on the map as the Empire State—the leader in population, industry, and economic strength.
  • Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community

    Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community
    The Harmonists built a new town in the wilderness, but in 1824 they decided to sell their property and return to Pennsylvania. Robert Owen, a Welsh industrialist and social reformer, purchased the town in 1825 with the intention of creating a new utopian community and renamed it New Harmony.
  • Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"

    Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"
    The excessive use of alcohol, known as "intemperance," was a source of concern in New England and the United States. In 1826 he delivered and published six sermons on intemperance. They were sent throughout the United States, ran rapidly through many editions in England, and were translated into several languages on the European continent, and had a large sale even after the lapse of 50 years
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Designed to protect industry in the northern United States.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected President

    Andrew Jackson Elected President
    Seventh president of the United States
  • Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers

    Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers
    She declared that the primary goal of education should be to provide a basis for the development of the student's conscience and moral makeup.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
  • Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints

    Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints
    Deciphered the book of mormon from some golden plates given to him by an angel.
  • Worcester vs. Georgia

    Worcester vs. Georgia
    Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive."
  • Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States

    Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States
    Jackson vetoed the bill re-chartering the Second Bank by arguing that in the form presented to him it was incompatible with “justice,” “sound policy” and the Constitution.
  • Nullification Crisis Began

    Nullification Crisis Began
    South Carolina adopted the ordinance to nullify the tariff acts and label them unconstitutional. Despite sympathetic voices from other Southern states, South Carolina found itself standing alone.
  • Black Hawk War

    Black Hawk War
    A brief conflict between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader.
  • Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.

    Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.
    Originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. Supported the supremacy of the US Congress over the Presidency and favored a program of modernization, banking, and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Treaty of New Echota
    Ceded Cherokee land to the U.S. in exchange for compensation. The treaty had been negotiated by a Cherokee leader, Major Ridge, who claimed to represent the Cherokee Nation when, in fact, he spoke only for a small faction
  • Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York

    Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York
    Membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement.
  • Transcendental Club's First Meeting

    Transcendental Club's First Meeting
    Frederic Henry Hedge, Ralph Waldo Emerson, George Ripley, and George Putnam met in Cambridge, Massachusetts on September 8, 1836, to discuss the formation of a new club; their first official meeting was held eleven days later at Ripley's house in Boston.
  • First McGuffey Reader Published

    First McGuffey Reader Published
    Nearly every schoolchild read from, also had contained both English lessons as well as patriotic and moral lessons
  • Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education

    Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education
    Made a major reform movement that won widespread support and was the effort to make education available to more children.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"

    Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"
    The speech Ralph Waldo Emerson gave to the graduating class of Harvard Divinity School
  • Trail of Tears Began

    Trail of Tears Began
    As part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    A treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British North American colonies (i.e. the region that became Canada)
  • Treaty of Wanghia with China

    Treaty of Wanghia with China
    Signed by the U.S. and China, it assured the United States the same trading concessions granted to other powers, greatly expanding America's trade with the Chinese.
  • Start of the Mexican War

    Start of the Mexican War
    Mexico claimed the Nueces River as its northeastern border, while the U.S. claimed the Rio Grande River, and the day that both troops met at the Rio Grande and the Mexican army opened fire, the Mexican American War began.
  • John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community

    John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community
    The community believed that Jesus had already returned in AD 70, making it possible for them to bring about Jesus's millennial kingdom themselves, and be free of sin and perfect in this world, not just in Heaven (a belief called Perfectionism). They practiced communalism (in the sense of communal property and possessions), complex marriage, male sexual continence, and mutual criticism.
  • Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience

    Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience
    An outspoken opponent of slavery and bitterly opposed the Mexican-American War, which he viewed as an act of American aggression. In protest, Thoreau refused to pay his poll taxes. Thoreau lectured before the Concord Lyceum in January of 1848 on the subject "On the Relation of the Individual to the State."