America Claims An Empire

Timeline created by sarahnels
In History
  • The Cuban Revolt Against Spain Begins

    The Cuban Revolt Against Spain Begins
    The Cubans revolted against the Spanish which led to the Ten Year War. They were fighting for independence. They were unsuccessful, but it eventually led to the abolishment of slavery in 1886.
  • Mahan's Theory For Greatness

    Mahan's Theory For Greatness
    Alfred T. Mahan declared that to become a powerhouse country we first had to have a strong naval force. He also said if we took control of Hawaii, Caribbean Islands, and the Panama Canal we could be a huge force to recon with. Americans craved to be a powerhouse, so they sought out to do exactly what Mahan spoke of.
  • Jose Marti's Revolution

    Jose Marti's Revolution
    The second war for independence in Cuba was led by Jose Marti. He did this by enforcing a guerrilla campaign and purposely destroying American property to provoke US intervention. Cuba Libre!
  • Yellow Press

    Yellow Press
    The Spanish/American war was known as the media war. Exaggerated headlines created chaos among the nation and got all Americans involved in the fight. The "Call to Duty" message was posted in the newspapers as well. It drew in 125,000 volunteers to assist in the war effort.
  • Cruel Spanish Response to Cuban Revolt

    Cruel Spanish Response to Cuban Revolt
    Valeriano Weyler was sent to restore order and govern Cuba. His plan to control the rebels was called the "Reconstruction Plan". This plan involved sending Cuban civilians to concentration camps where hundreds of thousands died.
  • The De Lome Letter

    The De Lome Letter
    The De Lome Letter represented scandal in the United States. It was a private letter written by the Spanish minister, Enrique Dupuy de Lome, critizicizing President McKinley. However, when a Cuban rebel got his hands on the letter, it wasn't long until the New York Journal published it to the Americans, exposing the minister.
  • The U.S.S. Maine Explodes

    The U.S.S. Maine Explodes
    The U.S.S. Maine's task was to bring home American citizens in Cuba to protect them and American property from the fighting. The ship exploded in the Havana Harbor killing more than 260 men. The American newspapers blamed this tragedy on the Spaniards even though there was no real proof. This rallied the American cry for intervention in Cuba.
  • War In The Caribbean

    War In The Caribbean
    Adm. William T. Sampson led American forces in a naval blockade of Cuba. American forces were soon able to take control of the island and invade Puerto Rico. The Spanish surrender later in August.
  • War In The Philippines

    War In The Philippines
    Commodore George Dewey and the American Fleet opened fire on the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay. They quickly destroyed all Spanish ships. This victory allowed the Americans to take control of the land in the Philippines. Here they joined the Filipino rebels and their leader Emilio Aguinaldo. Within months the Spanish troops had surrendered.
  • San Juan Hill

    San Juan Hill
    San Juan Hill played a crucial role in the most famous land battle in Cuba near Santiago. The attack was led by the Rough Riders. Theodore Roosevelt who helped lead the Rough Riders was claimed to be the hero of San Juan Hill by the newspapers back in the states.
  • Cease-Fire Agreement

    Cease-Fire Agreement
    This agreement ended the fighting in the Spanish/American War. The fight lasted only 16 weeks.
  • Treaty Of Paris

    Treaty Of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris was the treaty that ended the Spanish/American war. It was also the start of the American empire because of these three reasons:
    1. Cuba was freed, yet it was known as a protectorate to the US. This gave America control over Cuba in a twisted way.
    2. Guam & Puerto Rico were given to the US.
    3. The Philippines was sold to the US for $20 million dollars.
  • Annexation Of Hawaii

    Annexation Of Hawaii
    Because the US was aquiring islands in the Caribbean and the Philippines, it was decided that Hawaii should be annexed too. Doing it all at once would make it seem less imperialistic and more as if the Americans were trying to assist the Hawaiians.
  • An Imperialized United States

    An Imperialized United States
    Once the Treaty of Paris was officially passed by the Senate, it was obvious that the United States had finally become an imperialistic nation with an empire of its own.